OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Human Rights in Global Health: Rights-Based Governance for a Globalizing World

ISBN : 9780190672676

参考価格(税込): 
¥20,020
著者: 
Benjamin Mason Meier; Lawrence O. Gostin; Mary Robinson; United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
ページ
614 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
156 x 235 mm
刊行日
2018年04月
メール送信
印刷
  • Examines the evolving relationship between human rights, global governance, and public health
  • Studies an expansive set of health challenges through a multi-sectoral array of global organizations
  • Brings together leading health and human rights scholars and practitioners from academia, non-governmental organizations, and the United Nations system
  • Maps the distinct human rights efforts within a specific institution of global governance for health
  • Examines institutional dynamics to operationalize human rights in organizational policies, programs, and practices
  • Assesses institutional factors that facilitate or inhibit human rights mainstreaming for global health advancement

 
Institutions matter for the advancement of human rights in global health. Given the dramatic development of human rights under international law and the parallel proliferation of global institutions for public health, there arises an imperative to understand the implementation of human rights through global health governance.
  
This volume examines the evolving relationship between human rights, global governance, and public health, studying an expansive set of health challenges through a multi-sectoral array of global organizations. To analyze the structural determinants of rights-based governance, the organizations in this volume include those international bureaucracies that implement human rights in ways that influence public health in a globalizing world. This volume brings together leading health and human rights scholars and practitioners from academia, non-governmental organizations, and the United Nations system. They explore the foundations of human rights as a normative framework for global health governance, the mandate of the World Health Organization to pursue a human rights-based approach to health, the role of inter-governmental organizations across a range of health-related human rights, the influence of rights-based economic governance on public health, and the focus on global health among institutions of human rights governance. Contributing chapters each map the distinct human rights efforts within a specific institution of global governance for health.
 
Through the comparative institutional analysis in this volume, the contributing authors examine institutional dynamics to operationalize human rights in organizational policies, programs, and practices and assess institutional factors that facilitate or inhibit human rights mainstreaming for global health advancement.

目次: 

FOREWORD
Human Rights in Global Health Governance
Mary Robinson

PREFACE
Preface

INTRODUCTION
Responding to the Public Health Harms of a Globalizing World through Human Rights in Global Governance
Benjamin Mason Meier and Lawrence O. Gostin

PART I: HUMAN RIGHTS IN GLOBAL HEALTH
1. The Origins of Human Rights in Global Health
Lawrence O. Gostin and Benjamin Mason Meier
2. The Evolution of Applying Human Rights Frameworks to Health
Alicia Ely Yamin and Andrés Constantin
3. Framing Human Rights in Global Health Governance
Benjamin Mason Meier and Lawrence O. Gostin
4. The Future of Global Governance for Health: Putting Rights at the Center of Sustainable Development
Michel Sidibé, Helena Nygren-Krug, Bronwyn McBride, and Kent Buse
 
PART II: WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION

5. Development of Human Rights Through WHO
Benjamin Mason Meier and Florian Kastler
6. Mainstreaming Human Rights Across WHO
Rebekah Thomas and Veronica Magar
7. The Future of Human Rights in WHO
Flavia Bustreo, Veronica Magar, Rajat Khosla, Marcus Stahlhofer, and Rebekah Thomas

PART III: INTER-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
8. The United Nations Children's Fund: Implementing Human Rights for Child Health
Benjamin Mason Meier, Mitra Motlagh, and Kumanan Rasanathan
9. The International Labor Organization: Human Rights to Health and Safety at Work
Lee Swepston
10. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization: Advancing Global Health Through Human Rights in Education and Science
Audrey Chapman and Konstantinos Tararas
11. The United Nations Population Fund: An Evolving Human Rights Mission and Approach to Sexual and Reproductive Health
Emilie Filmer-Wilson and Luis Mora
12. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Advancing the Right to Food to Promote Public Health
Olivier de Schutter and Carolin Anthes
13. The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS: With Communities for Human Rights
Helena Nygren-Krug
14. The Future of Intergovernmental Partnerships for Health and Human Rights
Sarah Hawkes, Julia Kreienkamp, and Kent Buse

PART IV: GLOBAL ECONOMIC GOVERNANCE & GLOBAL HEALTH FUNDING AGENCIES
15. Integrating a Human Rights-Based Approach and the Right to Development into Global Governance for Health
Stephen P. Marks
16. The World Bank: Contested Institutional Progress in Rights-Based Health Discourse
Yusra Ribhi Shawar and Jennifer Prah Ruger
17. The World Trade Organization: Carving Out the Right to Health for Access to Medicines and Tobacco Control
Suerie Moon and Thirukumaran Balasubramaniam
18. National Foreign Assistance Programs: Advancing Health-Related Human Rights Through Shared Obligations for Global Health
Rachel Hammonds and Gorik Ooms
19. The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB, and Malaria: Funding Basic Services and Meeting the Challenge of Rights-Based Programs
Ralf Jürgens, Joanne Csete, Hyeyoung Lim, Susan Timberlake, and Matthew Smith
20. The Future of Multilateral Funding to Realize the Right to Health
Gorik Ooms and Rachel Hammonds
 
PART V: GLOBAL HEALTH IN HUMAN RIGHTS GOVERNANCE

21. The Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights: Putting the Right to Health on the Agenda
Gillian MacNaughton and Mariah McGill
22. United National Special Procedures: Peopling Human Rights, Peopling Global Health
Thérèse Murphy and Amrei Mueller
23. Human Rights Treaty Bodies: Monitoring, Interpreting, and Adjudicating Health-Related Human Rights
Benjamin Mason Meier and Virginia Brás Gomes
24. The Future of Human Rights Accountability for Global Health under the Universal Periodic Review
Judith R. Bueno de Mesquita and Dabney P. Evans

PART VI: CONCLUSION AND AFTERWORD
CONCLUSION
25. Comparative Analysis on Human Rights in Global Governance for Health
Benjamin Mason Meier and Lawrence O. Gostin
AFTERWORD
Governance for Global Health and Human Rights in a Populist Age
Benjamin Mason Meier
 
Index

著者について: 

Edited by Benjamin Mason Meier, Associate Professor of Global Health Policy, Department of Public Policy & Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Lawrence O. Gostin, University Professor, Founding O'Neill Chair in Global Health Law, Director of the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, Georgetown University, Georgetown University Law Center, and Foreword by Mary Robinson, President of the Mary Robinson Foundation - Climate Justice. Former President of Ireland (1990-1997); United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
   
Benjamin Mason Meier is an Associate Professor of Global Health Policy at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, a Scholar at Georgetown Law School's O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, and a consultant to international organizations, national governments, and nongovernmental organizations. Dr. Meier's interdisciplinary research-at the intersection of global health, international law, and public policy-examines the development, evolution, and application of human rights in global health.
 
Lawrence O. Gostin is University Professor (Georgetown University's highest academic rank), Founding O'Neill Chair in Global Health Law, and Director of the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law. Professor Gostin is the Director of the World Health Organization Collaborating Center on Public Health Law & Human Rights, and serves on expert WHO advisory committees. He is a Member of the Institute of Medicine/National Academy of Sciences, Council on Foreign Relations, and Hastings Center.
 
 
Contributors:

Carolin Anthes is Research Associate at Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (PRIF), is currently concluding her dissertation on institutional roadblocks to human rights mainstreaming in FAO. 

Thirukumaran Balasubramaniam is the Geneva Representative of Knowledge Ecology International (KEI). 

Virginia Brás Gomes currently serves as the Chair of the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, as well as the Senior social policy adviser in the Ministry of Employment, Solidarity and Social Security of Portugal. In addition, Ms. Brás Gomes serves as a member of the International Board of the Programme for Women's Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; of the UNRISD Advisory Group for the project on Linking Social Protection and Human Rights; of the Board of the Portuguese UNICEF Committee; and of the National Committee for Human Rights.

Judith R. Bueno de Mesquita is a Lecturer in the School of Law and Human Rights Centre, and Deputy Director of the Human Rights Centre Clinic, University of Essex, UK. 

Kent Buse serves as Chief, Strategic Policy Directions at UNAIDS. He is a political economist who has taught at Yale University and at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Flavia Bustreo is Assistant Director-General for Family, Women's and Children's Health at the World Health Organization. 

Audrey Chapman is Professor of Community Medicine and Healthcare, and holds the Healey Memorial Chair in Medical Ethics and Humanities at the University of Connecticut School of Medicine. Dr. Chapman concurrently holds an adjunct appointment at the UConn School of Law and is an affiliate of the UConn Human Rights Institute. 

Andrés Constantin is an Abogado -J.D. equivalent- from Universidad Torcuato Di Tella, Buenos Aires, Argentina. He is a Global Health Law Scholar at Georgetown University and an LL.M. Candidate in Global Health Law from Georgetown University Law Center. 

Joanne Csete teaches health and human rights at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health. 

Olivier de Schutter teaches human rights law at the University of Louvain (UCL). He is a member of the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. He co-chairs the International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems (IPES-Food).

Dabney P. Evans is an Assistant Professor of Global Health in the Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University. She is architect and Director of the Emory University Institute of Human Rights. 

Emilie Filmer-Wilson is the Human Rights Adviser, at the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). 

Connor Fuchs is a graduate student at Emory University, pursuing Juris Doctor and Master of Public Health degrees. 

Lawrence O. Gostin is University Professor (Georgetown University's highest academic rank), Founding O'Neill Chair in Global Health Law, and Director of the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law. Professor Gostin is the Director of the World Health Organization Collaborating Center on Public Health Law & Human Rights, and serves on expert WHO advisory committees. 

Rachel Hammonds is a post-doctoral researcher in the Law and Development Research Group, at the University of Antwerp's Law Faculty, where she leads a team of researchers examining efforts to localize human rights. 

Sarah Hawkes is Professor of Global Public Health at University College London. Sarah is the Founding Director of the UCL Centre for Gender and Global Health. 

Ralf Jürgens joined the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria as Senior Coordinator, Human Rights, in May 2015. Ralf also co-founded and served as executive director of the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network. 

Florian Kastler is an associate member of the Health and Law Institute of Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité. He currently teaches Global Health Law at Sciences Po, Paris as well as at Paris Descartes University. 

Rajat Khosla works as Human Rights Adviser in the Department of Reproductive Health Research at the World Health Organization. 

Julia Kreienkamp is a Research Assistant at the Global Governance Institute (GGI) at University College London. 

Matthew Lennon-Smith is a former consultant with the Global Fund's Human Rights Team. 

Hyeyoung Lim currently works as a Human Rights Advisor at the Global Fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria in Geneva, Switzerland. 

Bronwyn McBride joined the British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS in Canada in 2016. 

Mariah McGill, JD, is a Senior Fellow with the Program on Human Rights and the Global Economy at Northeastern University School of Law. She is a human rights lawyer, who explores human rights-based approaches to health and other rights. 

Gillian MacNaughton, JD, DPhil, is an assistant professor in the School for Global Inclusion and Social Development at the University of Massachusetts Boston. 

Veronica Magar is Team Leader for Gender, Equity and Human Rights at the World Health Organization. 

Stephen P. Marks is the François-Xavier Bagnoud Professor of Health and Human Rights at the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, where he directs the Program on Human Rights in Development. 

Benjamin Mason Meier is an Associate Professor of Global Health Policy at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, a Scholar at Georgetown Law School's O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, and a consultant to international organizations, national governments, and nongovernmental organizations.

Suerie Moon, MPA, PhD is Director of Research at the Global Health Centre, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. She teaches at the Graduate Institute and Harvard School of Public Health.

Luis Mora is the Chief of the Gender, Human Rights and Culture Branch at the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). 

Mitra Motlagh works for the human rights unit at UNICEF and has fourteen years of experience in international law and development. 

Amrei Mueller is a Leverhulme Trust Early Career researcher at the Health and Human Rights Unit, School of Law, Queen's University Belfast. 

Thérèse Murphy is Professor of Law and Director of the Health & Human Rights Unit at Queen's University Belfast. She is a longstanding member of the editorial board of the Human Rights Law Review. 

Helena Nygren-Krug joined UNAIDS in 2013, where she is currently Senior Advisor in the Executive Office.

Gorik J. Ooms is a human rights lawyer and a global health scholar, Professor of Global Health Law & Governance at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Adjunct Professor at the Law Faculty of Georgetown University, and Visiting Professor at the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences of Ghent University. 

Kumanan Rasanathan is currently Chief of the UNICEF Implementation Research and Delivery Science Unit and Senior Adviser Health in UNICEF's Health Section. 

Mary Robinson is President of the Mary Robinson Foundation - Climate Justice. She served as President of Ireland (1990-1997), and UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (1997-2002). She is a member of the Elders and the recipient of numerous honors and awards, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom from U.S. President Barack Obama. 

Jennifer Prah Ruger is the Amartya Sen Professor of Health Equity, Economics, and Policy in the School of Social Policy & Practice and the inaugural Associate Dean for Global Studies and Faculty Chair at the Center for High Impact Philanthropy at the University of Pennsylvania. 

Yusra Ribhi Shawar conducts research concerning global health governance and the politics of health policy in low-income countries. She completed a postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Pennsylvania and received her PhD from American University and masters from the University of Virginia.

Michel Sidibé currently serves as the Executive Director of UNAIDS, holding the rank of Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations. 

Marcus Stahlhofer is Technical Officer in the Department for Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health and the Department of Nutrition. 

Lee Swepston is the former Senior Adviser on Human Rights and Human Rights Coordinator for the International Labor Office (ILO). He is a visiting professor with the Raoul Wallenberg Institute and the Law School of the University of Lund (Sweden), where he teaches a masters course on human rights and international labor law.

Konstantinos Tararas has worked has worked since 2001 for UNESCO's Social and Human Sciences Sector. 

Rebekah Bosco Thomas is Technical Officer for Human Rights in the Gender, Equity and Human Rights Team at the World Health Organization. She sits on WHO Guideline Review Committee and the WHO Ethics Review Committee and is Associate Editor at the BMC International Health and Human Rights Journal.

Susan Timberlake joined the UN High Commissioner for Refugees in 1984, moved to the World Health Organization in 1994 and UNAIDS in 1996 where she worked as Human Rights Advisor until she retired in 2014 as Chief of the UNAIDS Human Rights and Law Division.

Alicia Yamin is a Visiting Professor of Law, Georgetown University Law Center and Director, Health and Human Rights Initiative, O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law; Adjunct Lecturer on Law and Global Health, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health; Global Fellow, Centre on Law and Social Transformation.

"Having planted the seeds of the human rights-based approach in my role as United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, I am delighted to see these contributing chapters sharing the enduring results of these efforts to advance global health. This volume will be vital to the continuing advancement of rights-based global governance to safeguard the health of the world's most vulnerable peoples. It makes clear the importance of translating human rights into institutional programming for public health. Providing the first systematic account of the implementation of health-related human rights through global governance, this volume will serve as a model for future research, practice, and advocacy to advance global health and human rights." - Mary Robinson, Former President of Ireland (1990-1997); United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (1997-2002)

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