ISBN : 9780190868413
Steven Pinker has said that one of the most important questions humans can ask of themselves is whether moral progress has occurred or is likely to occur. Buchanan and Powell here address that question, in order to provide the first naturalistic, empirically-informed and analytically sophisticated theory of moral progress--explaining the capacities in the human brain that allow for it, the role of the environment, and how contingent and fragile moral progress can be.
Introduction: Why a Theory of Moral Progress is Needed
Part One: What is Moral Progress?
Chapter 1: A Typology of Moral Progress
Chapter 2: Contemporary Accounts of Moral Progress
Chapter 3: A Pluralistic, Dynamic Conception of Moral Progress
Part Two: Evolution and the Possibility of Moral Progress
Chapter 4: Is Evolved Human Nature an Obstacle to Moral Progress?
Chapter 5: The Inclusivist Anomaly and the Limits of Evolutionary Explanation
Chapter 6: Toward a Naturalistic Theory of Inclusivist Moral Progress
Chapter 7: Naturalizing Moral Regression: A Biocultural Account
Chapter 8: De-Moralization and the Evolution of Invalid Moral Norms
Part Three: The Path Traveled and the Way Forward
Chapter 9: Improvements in Moral Understanding and the Human Rights Movement
Chapter 10: Human Rights Naturalized
Chapter 11: Biomedical Moral Enhancement and Moral Progress
Conclusion: The Future of Human Morality
Appendix: Topics for Further Research