Evolution since Darwin: The First 150 Years

ISBN : 9780878934133

Walter Eanes; Jeffrey Levinton
688 ページ
177 x 235 mm

Evolution since Darwin: The First 150 Years comprises 22 chapters and eight shorter commentaries that emerged from a symposium held in November 2009 at Stony Brook University, USA. Thirty-nine authors from 22 universities and two museums in five countries write on areas of evolutionary biology and related topics on which their research focuses. Their essays cover the history of evolutionary biology, populations, genes and genomes, evolution of form, adaptation and speciation, diversification and phylogeny, paleobiology, human cultural and biological evolution, and applied evolution. The volume summarizes progress in major areas of research in evolutionary biology since Darwin, reviewing the current state of knowledge and active research in those areas, and looking toward the future of the broader field.


I. Evolution since Darwin
CHAPTER 1. Douglas J. Futuyma. Evolutionary Biology: 150 Years of Progress
CHAPTER 2. Peter J. Bowler. Rethinking Darwinae s Position in the History of Science
Commentary 1. Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis. Where Are We? Historical Reflections on Evolutionary Biology in the Twentieth Century
II. Populations, Genes, and Genomes
CHAPTER 3. Roberta L. Millstein. The Concepts of ae Populationae and ae Metapopulationae in Evolutionary Biology and Ecology
CHAPTER 4. Jianzhi G. Zhang. Evolutionary Genetics: Progresses and Challenges
CHAPTER 5. John Wakeley. Natural Selection and Coalescent Theory
CHAPTER 6. Bryan Kolaczkowski and Andrew D. Kern. On the Power of Comparative Genomics: Does Conservation Imply Function?
Commentary 2. Daniel E. Dykhuizen. The Potential for Microorganisms and Experimental Studies in Evolutionary Biology

III. The Evolution of Form
CHAPTER 7. Mark Kirkpatrick. Limits on Rates of Adaptation: Why Is Darwinae s Machine So Slow?
CHAPTER 8. GA14nter P. Wagner. Evolvability: The Missing Piece of the Neo-Darwinian Synthesis
CHAPTER 9. Gregory A. Wray. Embryos and Evolution: 150 Years of Reciprocal Illumination
IV. Adaptation and Speciation
CHAPTER 10. Anurag Agrawal, Jeffrey K. Conner, and Sergio Rasmann. Tradeoffs and Negative Correlations in Evolutionary Ecology
CHAPTER 11. May Berenbaum and Mary A. Schuler. Elucidating Evolutionary Mechanisms in PlantaeInsect Interactions: Key Residues as Key Innovations
CHAPTER 12. Hannah Kokko and Michael D. Jennions. Behavioral Ecology: The Natural History of Evolutionary Theory
CHAPTER 13. Richard G. Harrison. Understanding the Origin of Species: Where Have We Been, Where Are We Going?
Commentary 3. Mark A. McPeek. The Role of Ecology in Evolutionary Biology
V. Diversity and the Tree of Life
CHAPTER 14. Antonio Lazcano. The Origin and Early Evolution of Life: Did It All Start in Darwinae s Warm Little Pond?
Commentary 4. Christopher E. Lane. The Genomic Imprint of Endosymbiosis
CHAPTER 15. Jonathan B. Losos and D. Luke Mahler. Adaptive Radiation: The Interaction of Ecological Opportunity, Adaptation, and Speciation
CHAPTER 16. David M. Hillis. Phylogenetic Progress and Applications of the Tree of Life
CHAPTER 17. Peter J. Wagner. Paleontological Perspectives on Morphological Change
CHAPTER 18. Michael Foote. The Geological History of Biodiversity
Commentary 5. Joel Cracraft. Thinking about Diversity and Diversification: What If Biotic History Is Not Equilibrial?

VI. Human Evolution
CHAPTER 19. Tim D. White. Human Evolution: How has Darwin Done?
CHAPTER 20. Peter J. Richerson and Robert Boyd. The Darwinian Theory of Human Cultural Evolution and Gene-Culture Coevolution

VII. Applications of Evolutionary Biology
CHAPTER 21. Fred Gould. Applying Evolutionary Biology: From Retrospective Analysis to Direct Manipulation
Commentary 6. Charles C. Davis, Erika J. Edwards, and Michael J. Donoghue. A Cladeae s-Eye View of Global Climate Change
VIII. Prospects
CHAPTER 22. Hopi E. Hoekstra. Evolutionary Biology: The Next 150 Years
Commentary 7. Charles Marshall. The Next 150 Years: Toward a Richer Theortical Biology
Commentary 8. Joshua Rest. The Expansion of Molecular Data in Evolutionary Biology $ $


The editors are members of the Department of Ecology and Evolution at Stony Brook University. Among them, they have more than 150 years of experience in evolutionary biology. Bell studies the evolution of stickleback fish, ranging from molecules to fossils, and he co-edited The Evolutionary Biology of the Threespine Stickleback. Futuyma is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and author of the textbooks Evolutionary Biology and Evolution. He studies coevolution of insects and plants. Eanes studies the molecular and population genetics of Drosophila and is interested in the interface of metabolism and life history adaptation. Levinton has a long interest in macroevolution, and wrote Genetics, Paleontology, and Macroevolution. He also studies the ecology and evolution of marine and aquatic invertebrates and has authored the textbook Marine Biology: Function, Biodiversity, Ecology and co-edited The Hudson River Estuary.