Novel Craft: Victorian Domestic Handicraft and Nineteenth-Century Fiction

ISBN : 9780195398045

Talia Schaffer
240 ページ
158 x 236 mm

Novel Craft explores an intriguing and under-studied aspect of cultural life in Victorian England: domestic handicrafts, the decorative pursuit that predated the Arts and Crafts movement. Talia Schaffer argues that the handicraft movement served as a way to critique the modern mass-produced commodity and the rapidly emerging industrial capitalism of the nineteenth century. Her argument is illustrated with the four pivotal novels that form her study's core-Gaskell's Cranford, Yonge's The Daisy Chain, Dickens's Our Mutual Friend, and Oliphant's Phoebe Junior. Each features various handicrafts that subtly aim to subvert the socioeconomic changes being wrought by industrialization. Schaffer goes beyond straightforward textual analysis by shaping each chapter around the individual craft at the center of each novel (paper for Cranford, flowers and related arts in The Daisy Chain, rubbish and salvage in Our Mutual Friend, and the contrasting ethos of arts and crafts connoisseurship in Phoebe Junior). The domestic handicraft also allows for self-referential analysis of the text itself; in scenes of craft production (and destruction), the authors articulate the work they hope their own fictions perform. The handicraft also becomes a locus for critiquing contemporary aesthetic trends, with the novels putting forward an alternative vision of making value and understanding art. A work that combines cultural history and literary studies, Novel Craft highlights how attention to the handicraft movement's radically alternative views of materiality, consumption, production, representation, and subjectivity provides a fresh perspective on the major changes that shaped the Victorian novel as a whole.


Introduction: How to Read Wax Coral, and Why
Chapter 1. Women's Work: The History of the Victorian Domestic Handicraft
Chapter 2. Ephemerality: The Cranford Papers
Chapter 3. Preservation: The Daisy and the Chain
Chapter 4. Salvage: Betty as the Mutual Friend
Chapter 5: Connoisseurship: Giving Credit to Phoebe Junior


Talia Schaffer is Associate Professor of English at Queens College and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. She is the author of The Forgotten Female Aesthetes: Literary Culture in Late-Victorian England (University Press of Virginia, 2000) and the editor of Literature and Culture at the Fin de Siecle (Longman, 2006)