Living machines: A handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems

ISBN : 9780199674923

Tony J. Prescott; Nathan Lepora; Paul F.M.J Verschure
632 ページ
171 x 246 mm

Living Machines: A handbook of research in biomimetic and biohybrid systems surveys this flourishing area of research. It captures the current state of play and points to the opportunities ahead, addressing such fields as self-organization and co-operativity, biologically-inspired active materials, self-assembly and self-repair, learning, memory, control architectures and self-regulation, locomotion in air, on land or in water, perception, cognition, control, and communication. In all of these areas, the potential of biomimetics is shown through the construction of a wide range of different biomimetic devices and animal-like robots. Biohybrid systems is a relatively new field, with exciting and largely unknown potential, but one that is likely to shape the future of humanity. Chapters outline current research in areas including brain-machine interfaces-where neurons are connected to microscopic sensors and actuators-and various forms of intelligent prostheses from sensory devices like


Section I: Roadmaps
1 Tony J. Prescott and Paul F. M. J. Verschure: Living Machines: an Introduction
2 Paul F. M. J. Verschure and Tony J. Prescott: A Living Machines Approach to the Sciences of Mind and Brain
3 Nathan F. Lepora, Paul Verschure, and Tony J. Prescott: A Roadmap for Living Machines
Section II: Life
4 Tony J. Prescott: Life
5 Stuart P. Wilson: Self-Organization
6 I. A. Ieropoulos, P. Ledezma, G. Scandroglio, C. Melhuish, and J. Greenman: Energy and Metabolism
7 Matthew S. Moses and Gregory S. Chirikjian: Reproduction
8 Tony J. Prescott and Leah Krubitzer: Evo-devo
9 Barbara Mazzolai: Growth and tropism
10 Julian Vincent: Biomimetic Materials
11 Josh Bongard: Modeling Self and Others
12 Terrence W. Deacon: Towards a general theory of evolution
Section III: Building Blocks
13 Nathan F. Lepora: Building blocks
14 Piotr Dudek: Vision
15 Leslie S. Smith: Audition
16 Nathan F. Lepora: Touch
17 Tim C. Pearce: Chemosensation
18 Minoru Asada: Proprioception and Body Schema
19 Frederic Boyer and Vincent Lebastard: Electric Sensing for Underwater Navigation
20 Iain A. Anderson and Benjamin M. O'Brien: Muscles
21 Allen Selverston: Rhythms and Oscillations
22 Changhyun Pang, Chanseok Lee, Hoon-Eui Jeong, and Kahp-Yang Suh: Skin and Dry Adhesion
Section IV: Capabilities
23 Paul F.M.J. Verschure: Capabilities
24 Holk Cruse and Malte Schilling: Pattern Generation
25 Joel Z. Leibo and Tomaso Poggio: Perception
26 Ivan Herreros: Learning and Control
27 Ben Mitchinson: Attention and Orienting
28 Nathan F. Lepora: Decision Making
29 Ugur Murat Erdem, Nicholas Roy, John Joseph Leonard, and Michael E. Hasselmo: Spatial and Episodic Memory
30 Mark R. Cutkosky: Reach, Grasp, and Manipulate
31 Hartmut Witte, Martin S. Fischer, Holger Preuschoft, Danja Voges, Cornelius Schilling, and Auke Jan Ijspeert: Quadruped Locomotion
32 Anders Hedenstrom: Flight
33 Robert H. Wortham and Joanna J. Bryson: Communication
34 Vicky Vouloutsi and Paul F. M. J Verschure: Emotions and Self-Regulation
35 Paul F.M.J. Verschure: The Architecture of Mind and Brain
36 Paul F.M.J. Verschure: A Chronology of Distributed Adaptive Control
37 Anil K. Seth: Consciousness
Section V: Living machines
38 Tony J. Prescott: Biomimetic Systems
39 Christof Mast, Friederike Moller, Moritz Kreysing, Severin Schink, Benedikt Obermayer, Ulrich Gerland, and Dieter Braun: Towards Living Nanomachines
40 Akio Ishiguro and Takuya Umedachi: From Slime Moulds to Deformable Bodies
41 Barry Trimmer: Soft-bodied Terrestrial Invertebrates and Robots
42 Roger D. Quinn and Roy E. Ritzmann: Applying Principles and Mechanisms Learned from Insects to Robotics
43 Stefano Nolfi: Co-operation in Collective Systems
44 Maarja Kruusmaa: From Aquatic Animals to Robot Swimmers
45 Tony J. Prescott: Mammals and Mammal-like Robots
46 Wolfgang Send: Winged artifacts
47 Giorgio Metta and Roberto Cingolani: Humans and Humanoids
Section VI: Biohybrid Systems
48 Nathan F. Lepora: Biohybrid Systems
49 Girijesh Prasad: Brain-machine interfaces
50 Stefano Vassanelli: Implantable Neural Interfaces
51 Joseph Ayers: Biohybrid Robots are Synthetic Biology Systems
52 Toshio Fukuda, Masahiro Nakajima, Masaru Takeuchi, and Yasuhisa Hasegawa: Micro and Nanotechnology for Living Machines
53 Sliman J. Bensmaia: Biohybrid Touch Interfaces
54 Torsten Lehmann and Andre van Schaik: Implantable Hearing Interfaces
55 Dong Song and Theodore W. Berger: Hippocampal Memory Prostheses
Section VII: Perspectives
56 Michael Szollosy: Perspectives
57 James Hughes: Human Augmentation and the Age of the Transhuman
58 Charles Lenay and Matthieu Tixier: From Sensory Substitution to Perceptual Supplementation
59 Belen Rubio Ballester: Neurorehabilitation
60 Abigail Millings and Emily C. Collins: Human Relationships with Living Machines
61 Michael Szollosy: Living Machines in our Cultural Imagination
62 Hannah Maslen and Julian Savulescu: The Ethics of Virtual Reality and Telepresence
63 David J. Gunkel: Can Machines have Rights?
64 Anna Mura and Tony J. Prescott: A Sketch of the Education Landscape in Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems
65 Jose Halloy: Sustainability of Living Machines


Tony Prescott is Professor of Cognitive Robotics at the University of Sheffield, UK, and Director of Sheffield Robotics, a cross-disciplinary research institute with over one hundred and fifty researchers (www.sheffieldrobotics.ac.uk). His background mixes psychology, neuroethology, and brain theory with robotics and artificial intelligence, and his research aims at answering questions about human nature by creating synthetic entities with capacities such as perception, memory, emotion, and sense of self. He is the co-creator of the mammal-like robots Scratchbot and Shrewbot, and is the co-founder of the UK company Consequential Robotics (www.consequentialrobotics.com ) that is developing assistive and companion robots including the animal-like robot 'pet' MiRo. He co-founded the International Living Machines conference series and also writes and speaks on societal and ethical issues in technology and the brain sciences.; Nathan Lepora is a Senior Lecturer in Engineering Mathematicss at the University of Bristol, UK, and leads the Tactile Robotics Theme at Bristol Robotics Laboratory. His research interests span robotics, neuroscience, and biomimetics, focusing on the design of novel 3D-printed dexterous tactile robotic hands and sensors that can intelligently perceive, explore, and manipulate their environment. His team's research is supported by EPSRC and a Leverhulme Leadership Award, has won several international awards in robotics, and is on display in the Science Museum, London. He has authored over 60 academic publications, edited several proceedings, including three Living Machines conference volumes, and also written eight books for children on science and technology.; Paul Verschure is a research professor with the Catalan Institute of Advanced Studies and Director of the Neuroengineering program at the Catalan Institute for Bioengineering. Paul trained in Psychology and his scientific aim is to find a unified theory of mind and brain using synthetic methods and to apply it to quality of life enhancing technologies. He has advanced a theory of mind and brain, Distributed Adaptive Control, which has led to a novel neurorehabilitation approach called the Rehabilitation Gaming System (eodyne.com). He also explores new methods for the exploration of complex data (brainx3.com) that is being tested on data from the human brain. Complementary to his science, Paul has developed and deployed over 25 art installations (http://specs.upf.edu/installations) from interactive spaces to BCI orchestras, robot Theremin soloists and virtual/augmented reality installations and tools for the holocaust memorial sites (futurememoryfoundation.org).