ISBN : 9780199385195
The late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries have seen a renaissance in the study of virtue - a topic that has prevailed in philosophical work since the time of Aristotle. Several major developments have conspired to mark this new age. Foremost among them, some argue, is the birth of virtue ethics, an approach to ethics that focuses on virtue in place of consequentialism (the view that normative properties depend only on consequences) or deontology (the study of what we have a moral duty to do). The emergence of new virtue theories also marks this new wave of work on virtue. Put simply, these are theories about what virtue is, and they include Kantian and utilitarian virtue theories. Concurrently, virtue ethics is being applied to other fields where it hasn't been used before, including bioethics and education. In addition to these developments, the study of virtue in epistemological theories has become increasingly widespread to the point that it has spawned a subfield known as 'virtue epistemology.' This volume therefore provides a representative overview of philosophical work on virtue. It is divided into seven parts: conceptualizations of virtue, historical and religious accounts, contemporary virtue ethics and theories of virtue, central concepts and issues, critical examinations, applied virtue ethics, and virtue epistemology. Forty-two chapters by distinguished scholars offer insights and directions for further research. In addition to philosophy, authors also deal with virtues in non-western philosophical traditions, religion, and psychological perspectives on virtue.
Introduction (Nancy E. Snow) ; Part I: Conceptualizations of Virtue; 1. Virtue as a Trait (Christian Miller); 2. Virtue as a Sensitivity (Bridget Clarke); 3. Virtue as a Skill (Matt Stichter); Part II: Historical and Religious Accounts of Virtue; 4. Plato (Franco V. Trivigno); 5. Aristotle and Moral Virtue (Howard Curzer); 6. Stoic Virtue (Lawrence C. Becker); 7. Buddhism and the Virtues (Matthew MacKenzie); 8. Confucianism and Neo-Confucianism (Justin Tiwald) 286; 9. The Phronimos and the Sage (May Sim); 10. Islamic Virtue Ethics (Elizabeth M. Bucar); 11. Turning to Aquinas on Virtue (Candace Vogler); 12. Virtue in Hume and Nietzsche (Christine Swanton); 13. Kant on Virtue: Seeking the Ideal in Human Conditions (Adam Cureton and Thomas E. Hill); 14. Christian Theories of Virtue (Jay Wood); Part III: Contemporary Virtue Ethics and Theories of Virtue ; 16. Neo-Aristotelian Virtue Ethics (Nancy E. Snow); 17. Sentimentalist Virtue Ethics (Michael Slote); 18. Alternatives to Neo-Aristotelian Virtue Ethics (Glen Pettigrove); 19. Feminist Approaches to Virtue Ethics (Robin Dillon); 20. Contemporary Consequentialist Theories of Virtue (Ben Bradley); Part IV: Central Concepts and Issues in Virtue Ethics and Theories of Virtue; 21. Acquiring Aristotelian Virtue (Nafsika Athanassoulis); 22. Putting Ideals in their Place (Daniel C. Russell); 23. Virtuous Motivation (Karen Stohr); 24. Eudaimonism (Mark LeBar); Part V: Critical Examinations of Virtue Ethics; 25. Objections to Virtue Ethics (Frans Svensson and Jens Johansson); 26. Cultural Relativity and Justification (Rebecca L. Stangl); 27. Virtue, Vice, and Situationism (Tom Bates and Pauline Kleingeld); 28. Virtue from the Perspective of Psychology (Kristjan Kristjansson); Part VI: Applied Virtue Ethics; 29. Toward an Empirically Informed Approach to Medical Virtues (Justin Oakley); 30. Character-Based Business Ethics (Miguel Alzola); 31. Jurisprudence (Chapin Cimino); 32. Virtue Ethics and Education (David Carr; 33. Environmental Virtue Ethics (Jason Kawall); 34. Sexual Ethics (Raja Halwani); 35. Communication Ethics and Virtue (Janie M. Harden Fritz); Part VII: Virtue Epistemology; 36. Reliabilist Virtue Epistemology (John Greco and Jonathan Reibsamen); 37. Virtue Responsibilism (Sarah Wright); 38. Sentimentalist Virtue Epistemology: The Challenge of Personalism (Michael Slote and Heather Battaly); 39. Moral and Intellectual Virtues (Michael S. Brady); 40. Intellectual Virtues and Truth, Understanding, and Wisdom (Jason Baehr); 41.Virtue Epistemology and Psychology (Abrol Fairweather and Carlos Montemayor); 42.Virtue Epistemology and the Democratic Life (Colin Farrelly)