Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine (5th edition)

ISBN : 9780198810254

Nathan Cherny; Marie Fallon; Stein Kaasa; Russell K. Portenoy; David C. Currow
1280 ページ
213 x 272 mm

The definitive Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine, now in its fifth edition, has again been thoroughly updated to offer a truly global perspective in this field of extraordinary talent and thoughtfulness. Updated to include new sections devoted to assessment tools, care of patients with cancer, and the management of issues in the very young and the very old, this leading textbook covers all the new and emerging topics since its original publication in 1993. In addition, the multi-disciplinary nature of palliative care is emphasized throughout the book, covering areas from ethical and communication issues, the treatment of symptoms and the management of pain. This fifth edition of the Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine is dedicated to the memory of Professor Geoffrey Hanks, pioneer in the field of palliative medicine, and co-editor of the previous four editions. Winner in the Medicine category of the British Medical Association Book Awards, this is a truly comprehen


List of Abbreviations; List of Contributors; Section 1: The Worldwide Status of Palliative Care; 1.1 Sheila Payne and Tom Lynch: International progress in creating palliative medicine as a specialized discipline and the development of palliative care; 1.2 M.R. Rajagopal and Reena George: Providing palliative care in economically disadvantaged countries; 1.3 Liliana De Lima and Eduardo Bruera: Essential medicines for palliative care; 1.4 David C. Currow and Stein Kaasa: Policy in palliative care; Section 2: The Challenge of Palliative Medicine; 2.1 Nathan I. Cherny: The problem of suffering and the principles of assessment in palliative medicine; 2.2 Megan B. Sands, Dianne L. O'Connell, Michael Piza, and Jane: The epidemiology of death and symptoms: planning for population-based palliative care; 2.3 Paul Glare, Christian T. Sinclair, Patrick Stone, and Josephine Clayton: Predicting survival in patients with advanced disease; 2.4 Karen E. Steinhauser and James A. Tulsky: Defining a 'good' death; 2.5 LaVera Crawley and Jonathan Koffman: Ethnic and cultural aspects of palliative care; 2.6 Thomas J. Smith and J. Brian Cassel: The economic challenges of palliative medicine; Section 3: Service Delivery Issues in Palliative Care; 3.1 Barry Laird: Barriers to the delivery of palliative care; 3.2 Irene J. Higginson: Palliative care delivery models; 3.3 Paul L. DeSandre and Karen May: Palliative care in the emergency department; 3.4 Jane Phillips, Annmarie Hosie, and Patricia M. Davidson: Palliative care in the nursing home; Section 4: The Interdisciplinary Team; 4.1 Dagny Faksvag Haugen, Friedemann Nauck, and Augusto Caraceni: The core team and the extended team; 4.2 Karen Forbes and Jane Gibbins: Teaching and training in palliative medicine; 4.3 Deborah Witt Sherman and David C. Free: Nursing and palliative care; 4.4 Terry Altilio and Nina Laing: Social work in palliative care; 4.5 George Handzo and Christina Puchalski: The role of the chaplain in palliative care; 4.6 Jill Cooper and Nina Kite: Occupational therapy in palliative care; 4.7 Clare O'Callaghan: Music therapy in palliative care; 4.8 Rosemary Richardson and Isobel Davidson: The contribution of the dietitian and nutritionist to palliative medicine; 4.9 Anne M. English: Physiotherapy in palliative care; 4.10 Tim Luckett and Katherine L.P. Reid: Speech and language therapy in palliative care; 4.11 Michele J.M. Wood: The contribution of art therapy to palliative medicine; 4.12 Jane Ellen Barr: Stoma therapy in palliative care; 4.13 Anja Mehnert: Clinical psychology in palliative care; 4.14 Margaret Gibbs: The contribution of the clinical pharmacist in palliative care; 4.15 Deborah Franklin and Andrea Cheville: Medical rehabilitation and the palliative care patient; 4.16 Nathan Cherny, Batsheva Werman, and Michael Kearney: Burnout, compassion fatigue, and moral distress in palliative care; 4.17 Gary Deng and Barrie Cassileth: Integrative oncology in palliative medicine; Section 5: Ethical Issues; 5.1 Frank Brennan and Liz Gwyther: Human rights issues; 5.2 Timothy W. Kirk: Confidentiality; 5.3 Joseph J. Fins and Barbara Pohl: Neuro-palliative care and disorders of consciousness; 5.4 Linda L. Emanuel and Rebecca Johnson: Truth telling and consent; 5.5 Richard D.W. Hain: Ethics in paediatric palliative care; 5.6 Harvey Max Chochinov, Susan E. McClement, and Maia S. Kredentser: Dignity and palliative end-of-life care; 5.7 Lars Johan Materstvedt and Georg Bosshard: Euthanasia and palliative care; 5.8 Danielle N. Ko and Craig D. Blinderman: Withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatment (including artificial nutrition and hydration); Section 6: Communication and Palliative Medicine; 6.1 Thomas W. LeBlanc and James A. Tulsky: Communication with the patient and family; 6.2 Mari Lloyd-Williams and Jackie Ellis: Talking with families and children about the death of a parent; 6.3 Janet L. Abrahm, Amanda Moment, Jane deLima Thomas, and Katie Fitzgerald: Communication between professionals; 6.4 Barry R. Ashpole: Communication with the public, politicians, and the news media; Section 7: Assessment Tools and Informatics; 7.1 Afaf Girgis and Amy Waller: Palliative care needs assessment tools; 7.2 Jane M. Ingham, Helen M. Moore, Jane L. Phillips, and Russell K. Portenoy: The measurement of, and tools for, pain and other symptoms; 7.3 Jennifer J. Tieman and David C. Currow: Informatics and literature search; 7.4 Linda L. Emanuel, Richard A. Powell, George Handzo, Kelly Nichole Michelson, and Lara Dhingra: Validated assessment tools for psychological, spiritual, and family issues; Section 8: Common Symptoms and Disorders; 8.1 Sriram Yennurajalingam and Eduardo Bruera: Fatigue and asthenia; 8.2 Kin-Sang Chan, Doris M.W. Tse, and Michael M.K. Sham: Dyspnoea and other respiratory symptoms in palliative care; 8.3 Nancy Y. Zhu and Cynthia Wu: Anaemia, cytopenias, and thrombosis in palliative medicine; 8.4 Olivia T. Lee, Jennifer N. Wu, Frederick J. Meyers, and Christopher P. Evans: Genitourinary aspects of palliative care; 8.5 Andrew N. Davies: Oral care; 8.6 Kyriaki Mystakidou, Irene Panagiotou, Efi Parpa, and Eleni Tsilika: Sleep disorders; 8.7 Jose Pereira and Jennifer Brodeur: The management of bleeding in palliative care; 8.8 Amanda Hordern: Sexual dysfunction: discussing patient sexuality and intimacy in palliative care; Section 9: Common Symptoms and Disorders: Pain; 9.1 Ruth Branford, Emily Wighton, and Joy Ross: Principles of drug therapy: focus on opioids; 9.2 R.M. Gordon-Williams and Anthony H. Dickenson: Pathophysiology of pain in cancer and other terminal illnesses; 9.3 Clare Rayment and Michael I. Bennett: Definition and assessment of chronic pain in advanced disease; 9.4 Marie Fallon and Nathan Cherny: Opioid therapy: optimizing analgesic outcomes; 9.5 Julie R. Price, Alric D. Hawkins, and Steven D. Passik: Opioid therapy: managing risks of abuse, addiction, and diversion; 9.6 Per Sjogren, Frank Elsner, and Stein Kaasa: Non-opioid analgesics; 9.7 David Lussier and Russell K. Portenoy: Adjuvant analgesics; 9.8 Robert A. Swarm, Menelaos Karanikolas, Lesley K. Rao, and Michael J. Cousins: Interventional approaches for chronic pain; 9.9 Joy Hao, Rae Lynne Kinler, Eliezer Soto, Helena Knotkova, and Ricardo A. Cruciani: Neurostimulation in pain management; 9.10 Andrea L. Cheville and Jeffrey R. Basford: Rehabilitation medicine approaches to pain management; 9.11 Julie R. Price, Alric D. Hawkins, Michael L. Adams, William S. Breitbart, and Steven D. Passik: Psychological and psychiatric interventions in pain control; 9.12 Gary Deng and Barrie R. Cassileth: Complementary therapies in pain management; 9.13 Renee McCulloch and John Collins: Paediatric pain control; Section 10: Common Symptoms and Disorders: Gastrointestinal Symptoms; 10.1 Katherine Clark: Dysphagia, dyspepsia, and hiccup; 10.2 Janet R. Hardy, Paul Glare, Patsy Yates, and Kathryn A. Mannix: Palliation of nausea and vomiting; 10.3 Nigel P. Sykes: Constipation and diarrhoea; 10.4 Jeremy Keen: Jaundice, ascites, and encephalopathy; 10.5 Vickie E. Baracos, Sharon M. Watanabe, and Kenneth C. H. Fearon: Aetiology, classification, assessment, and treatment of the anorexia-cachexia syndrome; Section 11: Common Symptoms and Disorders: Skin problems; 11.1 Patricia Grocott, Georgina Gethin, and Sebastian Probst: Skin problems in palliative care; 11.2 Mark R. Pittelkow, Charles L. Loprinzi, and Thomas P. Pittelkow: Pruritus and sweating in palliative medicine; 11.3 Vaughan Keeley: Lymphoedema; Section 12: Issues in Populations with Cancer; 12.1 Nathan I. Cherny and Stein Kaasa: The oncologist's role in delivering palliative care; 12.2 Dirk Schrijvers: Disease-modifying therapies in advanced cancer; 12.3 Peter J. Hoskin: Radiotherapy in symptom control; 12.4 Brian Badgwell and Robert S. Krouse: The role of general surgery in the palliative care of patients with cancer; 12.5 John H. Healey and David McKeown: Orthopaedic surgery in the palliation of cancer; 12.6 Tarun Sabharwal, Nicos I. Fotiadis, and Andy Adam: Interventional radiology in the palliation of cancer; Section 13: Cancer Pain Syndromes; 13.1 Nathan I. Cherny: Cancer pain syndromes: overview; 13.2 Lesley A. Colvin and Marie Fallon: Cancer-induced bone pain; 13.3 Nanna Brix Finnerup and Troels Staehelin Jensen: Management issues in neuropathic pain; 13.4 Victor T. Chang: Visceral pain; 13.5 Martin Chasen and Gordon Giddings: Management issues in chronic pain following cancer therapy; Section 14: Cancer-Associated Disorders; 14.1 Augusto Caraceni, Cinzia Martini, and Fabio Simonetti: Neurological problems in advanced cancer; 14.2 Mark Bower, Louise Robinson, and Sarah Cox: Endocrine and metabolic complications of advanced cancer; 14.3 Carla I. Ripamonti, Alexandra M. Easson, and Hans Gerdes: Bowel obstruction; 14.4 Sharon Merims and Michal Lotem: Skin problems in palliative medicine; 14.5 Barbara A. Murphy, Lauren A. Zatarain, Anthony J. Cmelak, Steven Bayles, Ellie Dowling, Cheryl R. Billante, Sheila Ridner, Kirsten Haman, Stewart Bond, Anne Marie Flores, Wisawatapnimit Panarut, and Bethany M. Andrews: Palliative issues in the care of patients with cancer of the head and neck; Section 15: Issues in Populations with Non-Cancer Illnesses; 15.1 Meera Pahuja, Jessica S. Merlin, and Peter A. Selwyn: HIV/AIDS; 15.2 Graeme M. Rocker, Joanne Young, and Robert Horton: Caring for the patient with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; 15.3 Steven Z. Pantilat, Anthony Steimle, and Patricia M. Davidson: Advanced heart disease; 15.4 Eric Widera and Rachelle Bernacki: Dementia; 15.5 Raymond Voltz, Stefan Lorenzl, and Georg Nubling: Neurological disorders other than dementia; 15.6 Fliss E. M. Murtagh: End-stage kidney disease; 15.7 Nathan Cherny, Sharon Einav, and David Dahan: Palliative medicine in the intensive care unit; Section 16: Issues of the Very Young and the Very Old; 16.1 Anna C. Muriel and Paula K. Rauch: Talking with families and children about the death of a parent; 16.2 John J. Collins, Kirsty Campbell, Wendy Edmonds, Judith Frost, Martha F. Mherekumombe, and Natasha Samy: Care of children with advanced illness; 16.3 Meera Agar and Jane Phillips: Palliative medicine and care of the elderly; Section 17: Psychosocial and Spiritual Issues in Palliative Medicine; 17.1 Susan E. McClement: Spiritual issues in palliative medicine; 17.2 Simon Wein and Lea Baider: Coping in palliative medicine; 17.3 David W. Kissane and Matthew Doolittle: Depression, demoralization, and suicidality; 17.4 Simon Wein and Limor Amit: Anxiety and adjustment disorders; 17.5 Meera Agar, Yesne Alici, and William S. Breitbart: Delirium; 17.6 Carrie Lethborg and David W. Kissane: The family perspective; 17.7 David W. Kissane and Talia I. Zaider: Bereavement; Section 18: The Terminal Phase; 18.1 Judith Lacey: Management of the actively dying patient; 18.2 Eric L. Krakauer: Sedation at the end of life; Section 19: Research in Palliative Medicine; 19.1 Stein Kaasa and Karen Forbes: Research in palliative care; 19.2 Amy P. Abernethy: The principles of evidence-based medicine; 19.3 John T. Farrar: Understanding clinical trials in palliative care research; 19.4 Kate Flemming: Qualitative research; 19.5 David W. Kissane, Annette F. Street, Erin E. Schweers, and Thomas M. Atkinson: Research into psychosocial issues; 19.6 David Casarett: Ethical issues in palliative care research; 19.7 Stein Kaasa and Jon Havard Loge: Quality of life in palliative care: principles and practice; 19.8 Tinne Smets and Luc Deliens: Health services research in palliative care and end-of-life care; 19.9 Irene J. Higginson: Clinical audit in palliative medicine; Index


Nathan Cherny is Norman Levan Chair of Humanistic Medicine and Associate Professor of Medicine at Ben Gurion University, Israel. Nathan is also Director of the Cancer Pain and Palliative Medicine Service at the Shaare Zedek Medical Centre, Jerusalem, Israel.; Marie Fallon is the St Columba's Hospice Chair of Palliative Medicine at the University of Edinburgh and is an Honorary Consultant in Palliative Care at the Western General Hospital in Edinburgh, Scotland.; Stein Kaasa is Professor of Palliative Medicine at the Institute of Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (NTNU), Norway.; Russell K. Portenoy is Chief Medical Officer and Director of the MJHS Institute for Innovation in Palliative Care, New York, and Professor of Neurology and Anesthesiology at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, USA.; David C. Currow is Professor of Palliative and Supportive Service at the Flinders Centre for Clinical Change, Flinders University, Australia.