ISBN : 9780198805830
Scotland's Populations is a coherent and comprehensive description and analysis of the most recent 170 years of Scottish population history. With its coverage of both national and local themes, set in the context of changes in Scottish economy and society, this study is an essential and definitive source for anyone teaching or writing on modern Scottish history, sociology, or geography. Michael Anderson explores subjects such as population growth and decline, rural settlement and depopulation, and migration and emigration. It sets current and recent population changes in their long-term context, exploring how the legacies of past demographic change have combined with a history of weak industrial investment, employment insecurity, deprivation, and poor living conditions to produce the population profiles and changes of Scotland today. While focussing on Scottish data, Anderson engages in a rigorous treatment of comparisons of Scotland with its neighbours in the British Isles and else
Part 1. Questions and contexts; 1 Scotland's population: not just a history of crises; 2 The broad patterns of population change; 3 Physical, social, and economic contexts; Part 2. The multiple Scotlands; 4 Multiple Scotlands: sub-regional patterns of population change; 5 Multiple Scotlands: the nature and sources of sub-regional change; 6 Islands; 7 The major urban centres; Part 3. Migration and the components and structures of population change; 8 The components of population change; 9 Patterns of migration; 10 Changing age and sex structures and their consequences; Part 4. Fertility and nuptiality; 11 Marriage and nuptiality; 12 Fertility: national and regional trends; 13 The interactions between fertility and nuptiality; 14 The first Scottish fertility decline; 15 Explaining fertility changes since the 1930s; Part 5. Mortality; 16 Scottish national mortality and its wider context; 17 Causes of death; 18 Spatial variations in mortality and its causes; 19 Social and economic differences in mortality; Part 6. Conclusion; 20 How and why was Scotland different and what may happen next?