The Power of Deliberation: International Law, Politics and Organizations

ISBN : 9780195394931

Ian Johnstone
240 ページ
170 x 244 mm

Arguing about matters of public policy is ubiquitous in democracies. The ability to resolve conflicts through peaceful contestation is a measure of any well-ordered society. Arguing is almost as ubiquitous in international affairs, yet it is not viewed as an important element of world order. In The Power of Deliberation: International Law, Politics and Organizations, Ian Johnstone challenges the assumption that arguing is mere lip service with no real impact on the behavior of states or the structure of the international system. Johnstone focuses on legal argumentation and asks why, if the rhetoric of law is inconsequential, governments and other international actors bother engaging in it. Johnstone joins the efforts of international relations scholars and democracy theorists who consider why argumentation occurs beyond nation states. He focuses on deliberation in and around international organizations, drawing on various strands of legal, political and international relations theory to identify common features of legal argumentation and deliberative politics. Johnstone's central claim is that international organizations are places where "interpretive communities" coalesce, and the quality of the deliberations these communities provoke is a measure of the legitimacy of the organization.


Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Deliberation
Chapter 3: Interpretive Communities
Chapter 4: Responsibility to Protect
Chapter 5: Counter-Terrorism
Chapter 6: Non-Proliferation
Chapter 7: Peace Operations
Chapter 8: Operational Activities
Chapter 9: Trade
Chapter 10: Conclusion


Ian Johnstone is a Professor of International Law at Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University. He is also a Senior Fellow at the Center on International Cooperation, New York University. Prior to joining the Fletcher School in 2000, he held various positions in the United Nations Secretariat, including five years as political officer in the Office of the Secretary-General. He also served in the Office of the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, and in the Office of the Legal Counsel. His recent publications include The Use of Force in The United Nations and Nuclear Orders (2009); Normative evolution at the United Nations in Cooperating for Peace and Security (2009); The United States and Contemporary Peace Operations: A Double-Edged Sword? (2008); Legislation and Adjudication in the UN Security Council: Bringing down the Deliberative Deficit, American Journal of International Law (2008); Law-making through the operational activities of; international organizations, George Washington International Law Review (2008); The Secretary-General as norm entrepreneur, in Secretary or General? The Role of the UN Secretary-General in World Politics (2007); The plea of necessity in international law: humanitarian intervention and counter-terrorism, Columbia Journal of Transnational Law (2005). From 2005-2007 he was the Volume Editor and Lead Scholar of the first two volumes of the Center on International Cooperation's Annual Review of Global Peace Operations. Professor Johnstone is a regular consultant to the United Nations on political, peacekeeping and related issues. A citizen of Canada but long-time resident of the US, he holds an LL.M degree from Columbia University and JD and BA degrees from the University of Toronto.