The Oxford Handbook of Evidentiality

ISBN : 9780198759515

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald
912 ページ
171 x 246 mm
Oxford Handbooks
  • The first volume to offer a through and systematic account of evidentiality and the expression of information source
  • Illustrated with extensive data from a range of typologically diverse languages
  • Introductory chapter offers practical advice for fieldworkers investigating evidentiality
  • Interdisciplinary in nature with insights from typology, semantics, pragmatics, language description, anthropology, cognitive psychology, and psycholinguistics

This volume offers a thorough, systematic, and crosslinguistic account of evidentiality, the linguistic encoding of the source of information on which a statement is based. In some languages, the speaker always has to specify this source - for example whether they saw the event, heard it, inferred it based on visual evidence or common sense, or was told about it by someone else. While not all languages have obligatory marking of this type, every language has ways of referring to information source and associated epistemological meanings. The continuum of epistemological expressions covers a range of devices from the lexical means in familiar European languages and in many languages of Aboriginal Australia to the highly grammaticalized systems in Amazonia or North America. In this handbook, experts from a variety of fields explore topics such as the relationship between evidentials and epistemic modality, contact-induced changes in evidential systems, the acquisition of evidentials, and formal semantic theories of evidentiality. The book also contains detailed case studies of evidentiality in language families across the world, including Algonquian, Korean, Nakh-Dagestanian, Nambikwara, Turkic, Uralic, and Uto-Aztecan.


1: Evidentiality: The framework, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald
Part I: Evidentiality: Its Expression, Scope, and History
2: Evidentials and person, Jackson T.-S. Sun
3: Evidentiality and its relations with other verbal categories, Diana Forker
4: Evidentials and epistemic modality, Björn Wiemer
5: Non-propositional evidentiality, Guillaume Jacques
6: Where do evidentials come from?, Victor Friedman
7: Evidentiality and language contact, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald
Part II: Evidentials in Cognition, Communication, and Society
8: Evidentials, information sources, and cognition, Ercenür Ünal and Anna Papafragou
9: The acquisition of evidentiality, Stanka Fitneva
10: The interactional and cultural pragmatics of evidentiality in Pastaza Quichua, Janis Nuckolls
11: Evidence and evidentiality in Quechua narrative discourse, Rosaleen Howard
12: Stereotypes and evidentiality, Michael Wood
Part III: Evidentiality and Information Sources: Further Issues and Approaches
13: Evidentiality: The notion and the term, Kasper Boye
14: Extragrammatical expression of information source, Mario Squartini
15: Evidentiality and formal semantic theories, Margaret Speas
Part IV: Evidentiality across the World
16: Evidentiality and the Cariban languages, Eithne B. Carlin
17: Evidentiality in Nambikwara languages, David Eberhard
18: Evidentiality in Tukanoan languages, Kristine Stenzel and Elsa Gomez-Imbert
19: Evidentiality in Bora and Witotoan languages, Katarzyna I. Wojtylak
20: Evidentiality in the Uto-Aztecan languages, Tim Thornes
21: Evidentiality in Algonquian, Marie-Odile Junker, Conor M. Quinn, and J. Randolph Valentine
22: Evidentiality and epistemic modality in Gitksan, Tyler Peterson
23: Evidentiality in Nakh-Daghestanian languages, Diana Forker
24: Turkic indirectivity, Lars Johanson
25: Evidentials in Uralic languages, Elena Skribnik and Petar Kehayov
26: Evidentiality in Mongolic, Benjamin Brosig and Elena Skribnik
27: Evidentiality in Tibetic, Scott DeLancey
28: Evidentiality in Bodic languages, Gwendolyn Hyslop
29: Evidentiality and the expression of knowledge: An African perspective, Anne Storch
30: Evidentiality in the languages of New Guinea, Hannah Sarvasy
31: Evidentiality in Formosan languages, Chia-jung Pan
32: Reportatives in the languages of the Philippines, Josephine S. Daguman
33: Evidentiality in Korean, Ho-min Sohn
34: Evidentiality in Japanese, Heiko Narrog and Wenjiang Yang
35: Dizque and other emergent evidential forms in Romance languages, Asier Alcázar
36: Evidentiality and information source in signed languages, Sherman Wilcox and Barbara Shaffer


Edited by Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald, Distinguished Professor, Australian Laureate Fellow, and Director of the Language and Culture Research Centre, James Cook University
Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald is Distinguished Professor, Australian Laureate Fellow, and Director of the Language and Culture Research Centre at James Cook University. She is a major authority on languages of the Arawak family, from northern Amazonia, and has written grammars of Bare (1995) and Warekena (1998), plus A Grammar of Tariana, from Northwest Amazonia (CUP, 2003) and The Manambu language of East Sepik, Papua New Guinea (OUP, 2008; paperback 2010), in addition to essays on various typological and areal features of South American and Papuan languages and typological issues including evidentials, classifiers, and serial verbs. Her other recent publications with OUP include Imperatives and Commands (2010), Languages of the Amazon (2012; paperback 2015), The Art of Grammar (2014), and How Gender Shapes the World (2016).

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald, James Cook University
Asier Alcázar, University of Missouri
Kasper Boye, University of Copenhagen
Benjamin Brosig, Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Eithne B. Carlin, Leiden University
Josephine S. Daguman, SIL International
Scott DeLancey, University of Oregon
David Eberhard, Payap University Chiang Mai
Stanka Fitneva, Queen's University Kingston
Diana Forker, University of Bamberg and University of Jena
Victor A. Friedman, University of Chicago and La Trobe University
Gwendolyn Hyslop, University of Sydney
Elsa Gomez-Imbert, formerly CNRS France
Rosaleen Howard, Newcastle University
Guillaume Jacques, CNRS France
Lars Johanson, University of Mainz and Uppsala University
Marie-Odile Junker, Carleton University
Petar Kehayov, University of Regensburg and Ludwig Maximilian University Munich
Heiko Narrog, Tohoku University
Janis Nuckolls, Brigham Young University
Chiag-jung Pan, Nankai University 
Anna Papafragou, University of Delaware
Tyler Peterson, University of Auckland
Conor McDonough Quinn, University of Southern Maine
Hannah Sarvasy, Australian National University
Barbara Shaffer, University of New Mexico
Elena Skribnik, Ludwig Maximilian University Munich
Ho-min Sohn, University of Hawaii at Manoa
Margaret Speas, University of Massachusetts, Amherst
Mario Squartini, University of Turin
Kristine Stenzel, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Anne Storch, University of Cologne
Jackson T.-S. Sun, Academia Sinica, Taiwan
Tim Thornes, Boise State University
Ercenur Ünal, Radboud University Nijmegen and Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
J. Randolph Valentine, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Björn Wiemer, University of Mainz
Sherman Wilcox, University of New Mexico
Katarzyna I. Wojtylak, James Cook University
Michael Wood, James Cook University
Wenjiang Yang, Nankai University