ISBN : 9780190686802
In All Talked Out J.D. Trout exemplifies the power of science in a philosopher's hands, and takes a welcome look at the resulting fate of philosophy. Based on his 2013 Phi Beta Kappa Romanell Lectures, each chapter presents a novel and positive view of intellectual advancements with respect to traditional topics in philosophy, and explains why these achievements occurred despite the archaic and often retrograde influence of philosophical doctrine and method. Together, these two lines of inquiry lead the reader to understand that while foundational reflection remains as necessary as ever, philosophy, as it is conceived of in the halls of academia, no longer adds anything distinctively useful. At its best, philosophy is a place to grow new ideas. But many other disciplines can provide such incubation. At the same time, however, we don't have to kill philosophy; but we do have to figure out what is worth preserving. Following a spirited introduction, the first lecture takes stock of the growing field of evidence-based approaches to reasoning, and in light of these scientific developments, criticizes important failures in epistemology as it is currently practiced in the English speaking world. The second lecture examines the psychological impulse to explain, the resulting sense of understanding, and the natural limits of cognitively appreciating the subject we have explained. The final lecture presents the proper reaction to the idea that scientific evidence matters to responsible governance.
CHAPTER ONE: Introduction: The Shape of Evidence-Based Epistemology; Where We Are: An Overview; Naturalism as a Hypothesis; How Did We Get Here?; A Better Alternative: Strategic Reliabilism?; Ameliorative Psychology and Better Reasoning; Conclusion; CHAPTER TWO: Good Reasoning and Evidence-Based Epistemology; The Limits of Reasoning; Standard Analytic Epistemology and Professional Philosophy; The Failure of Constructive Philosophy; The Department of Things I Find Really Cool to Think About; Strategic Reliabilism: Philosophy as Coach; Conclusion; CHAPTER THREE: The Natural Limits of Explanation; Owning up to Human Limitations; The Delicate Feeling of Explaining; Understanding and the Aha! Moment; The Romanticized View of Insight; Creepy Truths and Estrangement: Fluency, Narrative Coherence and Explanation; Conclusion; CHAPTER FOUR: Taking People as We Find Them: Philosophy and Evidence-; Based Policy; Introduction; Do Inheritors Deserve their Bequests? Inheritance and the Luck Subsidy; The Science of Happiness and a Utilitarian Argument for Redistribution; A Modest Proposal: Getting Rid of the House Committee on Science, Space, and; Technology; Outside Strategies and the Dangers of Complicated Rules: The Index of Honesty; Conclusion