ISBN : 9780195392777
Social scientists and policy makers have long been interested in the causes and consequences of peace and conflict. This handbook brings together contributions from leading scholars who take an economic perspective to study the topic. It includes thirty-three chapters and is divided into five parts: Correlates of Peace and Conflict; Consequences and Costs of Conflict; On the Mechanics of Conflict; Conflict and Peace in Economic Context; and Pathways to Peace. Taken together, they demonstrate not only how the tools of economics can be fruitfully used to advance our understanding of conflict, but how explicitly incorporating conflict into economic analysis can add substantively to our understanding of observed economic phenomena. Some chapters are largely empirical, identifying correlates of war and peace and quantifying many of the costs of conflict. Others are more theoretical, exploring a variety of mechanisms that lead to war or are more conducive to peace.
1. Economic perspectives on peace and conflict.
Michelle R. Garfinkel and Stergios Skaperdas
II Correlates of peace and conflict
2. Informational aspects of conflict.
3. Commitment problems and shifting power as a cause of conflict.
4. Bargaining and conflict with incomplete information.
5. The Hobbesian trap.
Sandeep Baliga and Tomas Sjostrom
6. Religion, conflict and cooperation.
Michael T. McBride and Gary Richardson
7. Comparing polarization measures.
Joan Esteban and Debraj Ray
8. Inequality, polarization and conflict.
Jose G. Montalvo and Marta Reynal-Querol
9. On the causes of civil war.
10. Reflections on Africa's wars.
III Consequences and costs of conflict
11. Methods for measuring aggregate costs of conflict.
12. How many bucks in a bang: On the estimation of the economic costs of conflict.
Tilman Bruck, Olaf J. de Groot and Carlos Bozzoli
13. Estimating the costs of war: Methodological issues, with applications to Iraq and
Joseph E. Stiglitz and Linda J. Bilmes
14. Estimating the human costs of war: A sample survey approach.
15. Mental health in the aftermath of conflict.
Quy-Toan Do and Lakshmi Iyer
16. Measuring the economic costs of terrorism.
Walter Enders and Eric Olson
17. Assessing the e_ects of military expenditure on growth.
Giorgio d'Agostino, J. Paul Dunne, and Luca Pieroni
18. The economic welfare cost of conflict: An empirical assessment.
S. Brock Blomberg and Gregory D. Hess
IV On the mechanics of conflict
19. Technologies of conflict.
Hao Jia and Stergios Skaperdas
20. Endogenous formation of alliances in contests.
21. Conflict with multiple battlefields.
Dan Kovenock and Brian Roberson
22. Laboratory experiments on conflict.
V Conflict and peace in economic context
23. War, trade, and natural resources: A historical perspective.
Ronald Findlay and Kevin O'Rourke
24. Trade in the shadow of power.
Michelle R. Garfinkel, Stergios Skaperdas, and Constantinos Syropoulos
25. Conflict and policy in general equilibrium: Insights from a standard trade model.
Ernesto Dal Bo and Pedro Dal Bo
26. The use of coercion in society: insecure property rights, conflict and economic backwardness.
Francisco M. Gonzalez
27. War and poverty.
28. Aggressive elites and vulnerable entrepreneurs: Trust and cooperation in the shadow
Halvor Mehlum and Karl Moene
VI Pathways to peace
29. Globalization and international conflict: Can FDI increase cooperation among nations?
Solomon W. Polachek, Carlos Seiglie, and Jun Xiang
30. National borders, conflict and peace.
31. Political institutions and war initiation: The democratic peace hypothesis revisited.
Michelle R. Garfinkel
32. Why follow the leader? Collective action, credible commitment and conflict.
33. Conflict -inhibiting norms.
Peter T. Leeson and Christopher J. Coyne