OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

A Tale of Seven Elements

ISBN : 9780195391312

参考価格(税込): 
¥3,377
著者: 
Eric Scerri
ページ
304 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
146 x 210 mm
刊行日
2013年07月
メール送信
印刷

In 1913, English physicist Henry Moseley established an elegant method for 'counting' the elements. Soon afterwards, it became clear that there were precisely seven elements missing from the periodic table-those that had yet to be isolated among the 92 naturally occurring elements from hydrogen (#1) to uranium (#92). In A Tale of Seven Elements, Eric Scerri will present the discovery of those seven elements, five of which are radioactive and three or possibly four of were first isolated by women. The book covers a period roughly spanning the two world wars, beginning with the discovery of protactinium in 1917 and ending with that of promethium in 1945. In some cases, the state of war directly influenced attempts to isolate some of the seven elements-this is true of protactinium, when, in 1916, its discoverer, Lise Meitner, wrote of the problems she encountered in purchasing even the most basic items of laboratory equipment. During the second war, the discovery of nuclear fission, also by Meitner and her associates, quickly led to the development of the nuclear weapons program and the associated technologies of particle accelerators. Clearly, scientific discoveries occur within a social and political context and the discovery of the seven elements is no exception. This book draws together for the first time the fascinating stories of the discoveries of these seven elements, placing them in historical context.

目次: 

Preface: What constitutes the discovery of an element?
Chapter 1.
Dalton, to the Discovery of the Periodic System
Chapter 2.
van den Broek, Moseley and the missing seven elements.
Chapter 3.
Element 91, protactinium
Chapter 4.
Element 72, hafnium
Chapter 5.
Element 75, rhenium
Chapter 6.
Element 43, technetium
Chapter 7.
Element 87, francium
Element 8.
Element 85, astatine
Chapter 9.
Element 61, promethium

著者について: 

Dr. Eric Scerri is a leading philosopher of science specializing in the history and philosophy of the periodic table. He is also the founder and editor in chief of the international journal Foundations of Chemistry and has been a full-time lecturer at UCLA for the past ten years where he regularly teaches classes of 350 chemistry students as well as classes in history and philosophy of science. He is the author of The Periodic Table: Its Story and Its Significance.

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