Beethoven & Freedom

ISBN : 9780199769322

Daniel K. L. Chua
288 ページ
156 x 235 mm

Over the last two centuries, Beethoven's music has been synonymous with the idea of freedom, in particular a freedom embodied in the heroic figure of Prometheus. This image arises from a relatively small circle of heroic works from the composer's middle period, most notably the Eroica Symphony. However, the freedom associated with the Promethean hero has also come under considerably critique by philosophers, theologians and political theorists; its promise of autonomy easily inverts into various forms of authoritarianism, and the sovereign will it champions is not merely a liberating force but a discriminatory one. Beethoven's freedom, then, appears to be increasingly problematic; yet his music is still employed today to mark political events from the fall of the Berlin Wall to the attacks of 9/11. Even more problematic, perhaps, is the fact that this freedom has shaped the reception of Beethoven music to such an extent that we forget that there is another kind of music in his oeuvre that is not heroic, a music that opens the possibility of a freedom yet to be articulated or defined.

By exploring the musical philosophy of Theodor W. Adorno through a wide range of the composer's music, Beethoven and Freedom arrives at a markedly different vision of freedom. Author Daniel KL Chua suggests that a more human and fragile concept of freedom can be found in the music that has less to do with the autonomy of the will and its stoical corollary than with questions of human relation, donation, and a yielding to radical alterity. Chua's work makes a major and controversial statement by challenging the current image of Beethoven, and by suggesting an alterior freedom that can speak ethically to the twenty-first century.


Introduction: SLOW INTRODUCTION - Lento
I Overtura
II Slow Thinking
III Listening to Sirens
IV Jolted
V7 Dominant Expectations

Movement I: NOTHING - Presto - piu forte
I Drawing a Blank
II The Fantasy of Freedom
III Nothing and Everything
IV In the Moment
V Speeding in Reverse
VI Dialectic of Enlightenment
VII Reflected Glory

Movement II: SOMETHING - Adagio sostenuto - sempre pianissimo
I In Order of Appearance
II The Myth of Orpheus
III Echo Homo
IV No Hope in Hell
V Child's Play
VI The Devil's in the Small Print
VII Echoes in Reverse
VIII Redeeming Adorno

Movement III: SOMEONE - Andante molto cantabile ed espressivo
I The Sin of Omission
II The Human
III The Eyes of Alterity
IV The Body and Memory
V The Form of the Other
VI Incognito
VII Facing Redemption


Daniel KL Chua is currently professor of music at the University of Hong Kong. Before joining Hong Kong University to head the School of Humanities, he was a fellow and the Director of Studies at St. John's College, Cambridge, and later Professor of Music Theory and Analysis at King's College London. He was a Henry Fellow at Harvard University and is the recipient of the 2004 Royal Musical Association's Dent Medal. He is the President of the International Musicological Society.