OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Neural Plasticity and Cognitive Development: Insights from Children with Perinatal Brain Injury

ISBN : 9780195389944

参考価格(税込): 
¥14,476
著者: 
Joan Stiles; Judy Snitzer Reilly; Susan Cohen Levine; D.A. Trauner; Ruth D. Nass
ページ
384 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
164 x 240 mm
刊行日
2012年06月
メール送信
印刷

The advent of modern neurobiological methods over the last three decades has provided overwhelming evidence that it is the interaction of genetic factors and the experience of the individual that guides and supports brain development. Brains do not develop normally in the absence of critical genetic signaling, and they do not develop normally in the absence of essential environmental input. The key to understanding the origins and emergence of both the brain and behavior lies in understanding how inherited and environmental factors are engaged in the dynamic and interactive processes that define and direct development of the neurobehavioral system. Neural Plasticity and Cognitive Development focuses on children who suffered focal brain insult (typically stroke) in the pre- or perinatal period which provides a model for exploring the dynamic nature of early brain and cognitive development. In most, though not all, of the cases considered, the injuries affect substantial portions of one cerebral hemisphere, resulting in patterns of neural damage that would compromise cognitive ability in adults. However, longitudinal behavioral studies of this population of children have revealed only mild cognitive deficits, and preliminary data from functional brain imaging studies suggest that alternative patterns of functional organization emerge in the wake of early injury. Neural Plasticity and Cognitive Development posits that the capacity for adaptation is not the result of early insult. Rather, it reflects normal developmental processes which are both dynamic and adaptive operating against a backdrop of serious perturbation of the neural substrate.

目次: 

PREFACE
PART 1: NEUROBIOLOGY
CHAPTER 1: Neuroplasticity and the Developing Brain
CHAPTER 2: The Basics of Brain Development
CHAPTER 3: Etiology and Neurological Effects of Perinatal Stroke
PART 2: BEHAVIORAL STUDIES
CHAPTER 4: Somatosensory and Motor Processes
CHAPTER 5: Visuospatial Processes
CHAPTER 6: Attention, Memory and Executive Functions
CHAPTER 7: Early Communicative Development to First Words
CHAPTER 8: Later Language Development: Syntax and Discourse
CHAPTER 9: Plasticity of Overall Intellectual Functioning: Evidence from Standardized Tests
PART 3: CLINICAL AND THEORETICAL IMPLICATIONS
CHAPTER 10: Clinical Implications
CHAPTER 11: Toward and Integrative Model of Neurobehavioral Development
Index

著者について: 

Joan Stiles, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA; Judy S. Reilly, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA; Susan C. Levine, University of Chicago; Doris A. Trauner, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine; and Rady Children's Hospital San Diego,CA; Ruth Nass, New York University,

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