Robot Ethics 2.0: From Autonomous Cars to Artificial Intelligence

ISBN : 9780190652951

Patrick Lin; Keith Abney; Ryan Jenkins
432 ページ
156 x 235 mm

The robot population is rising on Earth and other planets. (Mars is inhabited entirely by robots.) As robots slip into more domains of human life-from the operating room to the bedroom-they take on our morally important tasks and decisions, as well as create new risks from psychological to physical. This makes it all the more urgent to study their ethical, legal, and policy impacts. To help the robotics industry and broader society, we need to not only press ahead on a wide range of issues, but also identify new ones emerging as quickly as the field is evolving. For instance, where military robots had received much attention in the past (and are still controversial today), we look toward autonomous cars here as an important case study that cuts across diverse issues, from liability to psychology to trust and more. And because robotics feeds into and is fed by AI, Internet of Things, and other cognate fields, robot ethics must also reach into those domains, too. Expanding these discussions also means listening to new voices; robot ethics is no longer the concern of a handful of scholars. Experts from different academic disciplines and geographical areas are now playing vital roles in shaping ethical, legal, and policy discussions worldwide. So, for a more complete study, we look beyond the usual suspects for the latest thinking. Many of these views are provocative-but also what we need to push forward in unfamiliar territory.



I. Moral and Legal Responsibility
1. Autonomous Vehicles and Moral Uncertainty
Vikram Bhargava and Tae Wan Kim
2. Ethics Settings for Autonomous Vehicles
Jason Millar
3. Autonomy and Responsibility in Hybrid Systems: The Example of Autonomous Cars
Wulf Loh and Janina Sombetzki
4. Imputing Driverhood: Applying a Reasonable Driver Standard to Accidents Caused by Autonomous Vehicles
Jeffery K. Gurney
5. Liability Law for Present and Future Robotics Technology
Trevor N. White and Seth D. Baum
6. Skilled Perception, Authenticity, and the Case Against Automation
David Zoller

II. Trust and Human-Robot Interactions
7. Could a Robot Care? It's All in the Movement
Darian Meacham and Matthew Studley
8. Robot Friends for Autistic Children: Monopoly Money or Counterfeit Currency?
Alexis Elder
9. Pediatric Robotics and Ethics: The Robot Is Ready to See You Now, But Should It Be Trusted?
Jason Borenstein, Ayanna Howard, and Alan R. Wagner
10. Trust and Human-Robot Interactions
Jesse Kirkpatrick, Erin N. Hahn, and Amy J. Haufler
11. White Lies on Silver Tongues: Why Robots Need to Deceive (and How)
Alistair M. C. Isaac and Will Bridewell
12. Who's Johnny? Anthropomorphic Framing in Human-Robot Interaction, Integration, and Policy
Kate Darling

III. Applications: From Love to War
13. Lovotics: Human-Robot Love and Sex Relationships
Adrian David Cheok, Kasun Karunanayaka, and Emma Yann Zhang
14. Church-Turing Lovers
Piotr Bo?tu?
15. The Internet of Things and Dual Layers of Ethical Concern
Adam Henschke
16. Challenges to Engineering Moral Reasoners: Time and Context
Micha? Klincewicz
17. When Robots Should Do the Wrong Thing
Brian Talbot, Ryan Jenkins, and Duncan Purves
18. Military Robots and the Likelihood of Armed Combat
Leonard Kahn

IV. The Future of AI and Robotics
19. Testing the Moral Status of Artificial Beings, or I'm Going to Ask You Some Questions
Michael LaBossiere
20. Artificial Identity
James DiGiovanna
21. Superintelligence as Superethical
Steve Petersen
22. Artificial Intelligence and the Ethics of Self-Learning Robots
Shannon Vallor and George Bekey
23. Robots and Space Ethics
Keith Abney
24. On the Unabomber and Robots: The Need for a Philosophy of Technology Geared Toward Human Ends
Jai Galliott


Patrick Lin, Ph.D., is a philosophy professor and director of the Ethics + Emerging Sciences Group at Cal Poly. He is also affiliated with Stanford Law School, Notre Dame, and World Economic Forum; and previously with Stanford's School of Engineering, U.S. Naval Academy, and Dartmouth. On the ethics of emerging technologies, he has provided counsel to the U.S. Dept. of Defense, United Nations, Google, Apple, and many other government and industry organizations.; Ryan Jenkins, Ph.D., is an assistant professor of philosophy and a Senior Fellow at the Ethics & Emerging Sciences Group at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. He focuses in normative ethics (especially consequentialism) and applied ethics, including military ethics and emerging technologies such as driverless cars, robots, and autonomous weapons.; Keith Abney, A.B.D., is senior lecturer in the Philosophy Department and a senior fellow at the Ethics + Emerging Sciences Group at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, with research that includes work on demarcating science from non-science, moral status and sustainability, astronaut and space bioethics, patenting life, human enhancement, just war theory and the use of autonomous weapons, robot ethics, and other aspects of the ethical implications of emerging sciences and technologies