OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

The Digital Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Information Technology and Political Islam

ISBN : 9780199736423

参考価格(税込): 
¥3,839
著者: 
Phlip N. Howard
ページ
304 ページ
フォーマット
Paperback
サイズ
156 x 235 mm
刊行日
2010年09月
メール送信
印刷
  • First book to move beyond potential and hypothetical relationships between technology diffusion and democratic transitions to look at lived experiences for countries under study
  • Draws on a statistical study that compares data trends across 74 Muslim countries between 1990 and 2008
  • Addresses 2009 presidential elections in Iran

 
Around the developing world, political leaders face a dilemma: the very information and communication technologies that boost economic fortunes also undermine power structures. Globally, one in ten internet users is a Muslim living in a populous Muslim community. In these countries, young people are developing their political identities—including a transnational Muslim identity—online. In countries where political parties are illegal, the internet is the only infrastructure for democratic discourse. In others, digital technologies such as mobile phones and the internet have given key actors an information infrastructure that is independent of the state. And in countries with large Muslim communities, mobile phones and the internet are helping civil society build systems of political communication independent of the state and beyond easy manipulation by cultural or religious elites. 
 
This book looks at the role that communications technologies play in advancing democratic transitions in Muslim countries. As such, its central question is whether technology holds the potential to substantially enhance democracy. Certainly, no democratic transition has occurred solely because of the internet. But, as Philip Howard argues, no democratic transition can occur today without the internet. According to Howard, the major (and perhaps only meaningful) forum for civic debate in most Muslim countries today is online. Activists both within diasporic communities and within authoritarian states, including Iran, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, are the drivers of this debate, which centers around issues such as the interpretation of Islamic texts, gender roles, and security issues. Drawing upon material from interviews with telecommunications policy makers and activists in Azerbaijan, Egypt, Tajikistan and Tanzania and a comparative study of 74 countries with large Muslim populations, Howard demonstrates that these forums have been the means to organize activist movements that have lead to successful democratic insurgencies.
 
 
REVIEWS: 

"A long-awaited inquiry into the politics of the Internet...Howard's book is an innovative contribution among the overwhelming amount of writings about the role of the Internet in the Middle East...Howard puts much effort in explaining the multifaceted results, adding tables to summarize important findings. This nuanced approach is a pleasant break from the often-found urge for absolute (utopian or dystopian) claims...The book is highly recommended as required reading for technology experts, graduate students, and longer serving academics alike." - Political Communication

"At a time when everyone is asking whether new media affects politics in the Mid-East, Philip Howard has produced the definitive answer in his book. This is an impressive work of scholarship, both in its quantitative approach to international affairs and in its conclusions, which will be of interest to social scientists and policy makers alike." - Clay Shirky, New York University and author of Cognitive Surplus

"This book presents a most challenging and original analysis of the cultural and political dynamics of the Muslim world through the lens of the interaction between communication technology and politics. It breaks new ground in our understanding of the implications of digital technology for socio-political change. It will become a reference in political communication for the years to come." - Manuel Castells, Wallis Annenberg Chair of Communication Technology and Society, University of Southern California-Los Angeles

"For too long the literature on the politics of the new information technologies has been empirically thin and theoretically overheated. By substituting systematic empirical analysis for anecdote and nuanced interpretation for hyperbole, Howard has written an original and important book that scholars of comparative politics, democratization, contentious politics and the new information technologies will be obliged to read. As he provocatively reminds us (quoting Kranzberg), 'technology is neither good nor bad, nor is it neutral." - Doug McAdam, Professor of Sociology and Director of Urban Studies, Stanford University

"In contests between dictatorship and democracy, new media exert increasingly determinative influence. Philip Howard provides a detailed, thoughtful analysis of how the flow of information and tools of communication are reshaping global politics." - Philip Seib, Director of the USC Center on Public Diplomacy

目次: 

Acknowledgements
Prologue: Revolution in the Middle East Will be Digitized
Introduction: Political Communication and Contemporary Muslim Media Systems
1.: Evolution and Revolution, Transition and Entrenchment
2.: Lineages of the Digital State
3.: Political Parties Online
4.: New Media & Journalism Online
5.: Civil Society and Systems of Political Communication
6.: Censorship and the Politics of Cultural Production
Conclusion: Information Technology and Democratic Islam
References
Index

著者について: 

Philip N. Howard, Associate Professor of Communication, University of Washington
 
Philip N. Howard is an Associate Professor of Communication at the University of Washington. His previous authored book, New Media Campaigns and the Managed Citizen (Cambridge, 2006), won the American Sociological Association's Communication Technology and Society Section Best Book Award and the International Communication Association's Outstanding Book Award.

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