Defaults in Morphological Theory

ISBN : 9780198712329

Andrew Hippisley
352 ページ
156 x 234 mm

Chapters in this volume describe morphology using four different frameworks that have an architectural property in common: they all use defaults as a way of discovering and presenting systematicity in the least systematic component of grammar. These frameworks - Construction Morphology, Network Morphology, Paradigm-function Morphology, and Word Grammar - display key differences in how they constrain the use and scope of defaults, and in the morphological phenomena that they address. An introductory chapter presents an overview of defaults in linguistics and specifically in morphology. In subsequent chapters, key proponents of the four frameworks seek to answer questions about the role of defaults in the lexicon, including: Does a defaults-based account of language have implications for the architecture of the grammar, particularly the proposal that morphology is an autonomous component? How does a default differ from the canonical or prototypical in morphology? Do defaults have a psychological basis? And how do defaults help us understand language as a sign-based system that is flawed, where the one to one association of form and meaning breaks down in the morphology?


List of abbreviations
List of contributors
1 Nikolas Gisborne and Andrew Hippisley: Defaults in linguistics
2 Geert Booij: Inheritance and motivation in Construction Morphology
3 Alain Kihm: Old French declension: A Word and Paradigm approach and the role of syncretism and defaults in its rise and fall
4 Dunstan Brown: Inflectional classes and containment
5 Andrew Hippisley: Default inheritance and the canonical: Derivation as sign builder and sign connector
6 Richard Hudson: French pronouns in cognition
7 Nikolas Gisborne: Defaulting to the new Romance synthetic future
8 Bertholdt Crysmann: Inferential-realizational morphology without rule blocks: An information-based approach
9 Robert Malouf: Defaults and lexical prototypes
10 Farrell Ackerman and Olivier Bonami: Systemic polyfunctionality and morphology-syntax interdependencies
11 Stephen R. Anderson: Defaults and morphological structure


Nikolas Gisborne is Professor in the Department of Linguistics and English Language at the University of Edinburgh. His main interests are in event structure and its relationship to morphosyntax, and language change. His theoretical work has mostly been on, and in, Word Grammar, a cognitive dependency and network-based theory of language. His book The Event Structure of Perception Verbs was published by OUP in 2010.; Andrew Hippisley is Chair of the Linguistics Department at the University of Kentucky, having previously worked a research fellow in the Surrey Morphology Group. He is the author, with Dunstan Brown, of Network Morphology (CUP 2012) and co-editor of Deponency and Morphological Mismatches (with Matthew Baerman, Greville G. Corbett, and Dunstan Brown; OUP 2007) and of The Cambridge Handbook of Morphology (with Gregory Stump; CUP 2016).