New Perspectives on Faking in Personality Assessments

ISBN : 9780195387476

Matthias Ziegler; Carolyn MacCann; Richard Roberts
384 ページ
164 x 239 mm

In this volume, a diverse group of world experts in personality assessment showcase a range of different viewpoints on response distortion. Contributors consider what it means to "fake" a personality assessment, why and how people try to obtain particular scores on personality tests, and what types of tests people can successfully manipulate. The authors present and discuss the usefulness of a range of traditional and cutting-edge methods for detecting and controlling the practice of faking. These methods include social desirability (lie) scales, warnings, affective neutralization, unidimensional and multidimensional pairwise preferences, decision trees, linguistic analysis, situational measures, and methods based on item response theory. The wide range of viewpoints presented in this book are then summarized, synthesized, and evaluated. The authors make practical recommendations and suggest areas for future research. Anyone who wonders whether people exaggerate or lie outright on personality tests - or questions what psychologists can and should do about it - will find in this book stimulating questions and useful answers.


I. General Background
1. Faking: Knowns, Unknowns, and Points of Contention
Matthias Ziegler, Carolyn MacCann, and Richard D. Roberts
II. Do People Fake and Does It Matter? The Existence of Faking and Its Impact on Personality Assessments
2. People Fake Only When They Need to Fake
Jill E. Ellingson
3. The Rules of Evidence and the Prevalence of Applicant Faking
Richard L. Griffith and Patrick D. Converse
4. Questioning Old Assumptions: Faking and the Personality-Performance Relationship
D. Brent Smith and Max McDaniel
5. Faking Does Distort Self-Report Personality Assessment
Ronald R. Holden and Angela S. Book
III. Can We Tell if People Fake? The Detection and Correction of Response Distortion
6. A Conceptual Representation of Faking: Putting the Horse Back in Front of the Cart
Eric D. Heggestad
7. Innovative Item Response Process and Bayesian Faking Detection Methods: More Questions than Answers
Nathan R. Kuncel, Matthew Bornemann, and Thomas Kiger
8. Searching for Unicorns: Item Response Theory Based Solutions to the Faking Problem
Michael J. Zickar and Katherine A. Wolford
9. Methods for Correcting For Faking
Matthew C. Reeder and Ann Marie Ryan
10. Overclaiming on Personality Questionnaires
Delroy L. Paulhus
11. The Detection of Faking through Word Use
Matthew Ventura
IV. Can We Stop People from Faking? Preventative Strategies
12. Application of Preventative Strategies
Stephan Dilchert and Deniz Ones
13. Social Desirability in Personality Assessment: Outline of a Model to Explain Individual Differences
Martin Backstrom, Fredrik Bjorklund, and Magnus R. Larsson
14. Constructing Fake-Resistant Personality Tests Using Item Response Theory: High Stakes Personality Testing with Multidimensional Pairwise Preferences
Stephen Stark, Oleksandr S. Chernyshenk, and Fritz Drasgow
15. Is Faking Inevitable? Person-level Strategies for Reducing Faking
Brian Lukoff
V. Is Faking a Consequential Issue Outside a Job Selection Context? Current Applications and Future Directions in Clinical and Educational Settings
16. Plaintiffs who Malinger: Impact of Litigation on Fake Testimony
Ryan C.W. Hall and Richard C.W. Hall
17. Intentional and Unintentional Faking in Education
Jeremy Burrus, Bobby D. Naemi, and Patrick C. Kyllonen
VI. Conclusions
18. Faking in Personality Assessment: Reflections and Recommendations
Carolyn MacCann, Matthias Ziegler, and Richard D. Roberts
19. Faking in Personality Assessment: Concluding Thoughts
Paul Sackett


Matthias Ziegler is a Junior Professor of Psychological Assessment at the Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin. His main research areas are personality and intelligence, and he deals specifically with various assessment approaches, the role of faking, and the interaction between different constructs to predict academic and job performance and knowledge. Carolyn MacCann is a psychology lecturer at the University of Sydney. She specializes in developing innovative assessment methods for psychological constructs, particularly as they relate to emotional intelligence, noncognitive assessments, and response distortion. Richard D. Roberts is a Principal Research Scientist in the Center for Academic and Workplace Readiness and Success at the Educational Testing Service in Princeton, New Jersey. His area of specialization is applied psychology, with a focus on educational and psychological assessment.