The Oxford Handbook of Polysynthesis

ISBN : 9780199683208

Michael Fortescue; Marianne Mithun; Nicholas Evans
1056 ページ
171 x 246 mm
Oxford Handbooks

This handbook offers an extensive crosslinguistic and cross-theoretical survey of polysynthetic languages, in which single multi-morpheme verb forms can express what would be whole sentences in English. These languages and the problems they raise for linguistic analyses have long featured prominently in language descriptions, and yet the essence of polysynthesis remains under discussion, right down to whether it delineates a distinct, coherent type, rather than an assortment of frequently co-occurring traits. Chapters in the first part of the handbook relate polysynthesis to other issues central to linguistics, such as complexity, the definition of the word, the nature of the lexicon, idiomaticity, and to typological features such as argument structure and head marking. Part two contains areal studies of those geographical regions of the world where polysynthesis is particularly common, such as the Arctic and Sub-Arctic and northern Australia. The third part examines diachronic topics such as language contact and language obsolence, while part four looks at acquisition issues in different polysynthetic languages. Finally, part five contains detailed grammatical descriptions of over twenty languages which have been characterized as polysynthetic, with special attention given to the presence or absence of potentially criterial features.


1 Michael Fortescue, Marianne Mithun, and Nicholas Evans: Introduction

Part I: The Nature of Polysynthesis
2 Osten Dahl: Polysynthesis and complexity
3 Marianne Mithun: Argument marking in the polysynthetic verb and its implications
4 Johanna Nichols: Polysynthesis and head-marking
5 Johanna Mattissen: Sub-types of polysynthesis
6 Jerrold Sadock: The subjectivity of the notion of polysynthesis
7 Michael Fortescue: What are the limits of polysynthesis?
8 Louis-Jacques Dorais: The lexicon in polysynthetic languages
9 Balthasar Bickel and Fernando Zuniga: The word in polysynthetic languages: phonological and morphological challenges
10 Peter Trudgill: The anthropological setting of polysynthesis
11 Sally Rice: Phraseology in polysynthetic languages

Part II: Areal Perspectives
12 Michael Fortescue: The Arctic and Sub-Arctic
13 Marianne Mithun: Continental North America
14 Carmen Jany: The northern Hokan area
15 Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald: Polysynthetic structures of Lowland Amazonia
16 Nicholas Evans: Northern Australia
17 William A. Foley: Papua New Guinea

Part III: The Diachronic Perspective
18 Edward Vajda: Patterns of innovation and retention in templatic polysynthesis
19 T. Givon: The diachrony of complex verbs in Ute
20 Hein van der Voort and Peter Bakker: Polysynthesis and language contact
21 Ekaterina Gruzdeva and Nikolai Vakhtin: Language obsolescence in polysynthetic languages

Part IV: Acquisition
22 Shanley Allen: Polysynthesis in the acquisition of Eskimo languages
23 Bill Forshaw, Lucinda Davidson, Barbara Kelly, Rachel Nordlinger, Gillian Wigglesworth, and Joe Blythe: The acquisition of Murrinh-Patha
24 Sabine Stoll, Balthasar Bickel, and Jekaterina Mazara: The acquisition of Chintang

Part V: Grammatical Sketches
25 Willem J. de Reuse: Western Apache, a southern Athabaskan languages
26 Anthony C. Woodbury: Polysynthesis in Central Alaskan Yup'ik
27 Lynn Drapeau: A grammatical sketch of the Innu language (Algonquian)
28 Wallace Chafe: Caddo
29 Toshihide Nakayama: Polysynthesis in Nuuchahnulth, a Wakashan language
30 Honore Watanabe: The polysynthetic nature of Salish
31 Una Canger: Nawatl (Uto-Aztecan)
32 Claudine Chamoreau: Purepecha, a polysynthetic but predominantly dependent-marking language
33 Fernando Zuniga: Mapudungun
34 Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald: Tariana, an Arawak language from north-west Amazonia
35 Leo Wetzels and Stella Telles: Lakonde, a polysynthetic (Nambikwara) language of southern Amazonia
36 Nicholas Evans: Dalabon (Northern Australia)
37 Rachel Nordlinger: South Daly River (Northern Australia)
38 William Foley: The polysynthetic profile of Yimas, a language of New Guinea
39 Megumi Kurebito: Koryak
40 Johanna Mattissen: Nivkh
41 Anna Bugaeva: Polysynthesis in Ainu
42 Edward Vajda: Ket
43 Gregory D. S. Anderson: Incorporation in Sora (Munda)
44 Yakov G. Testelets and Yury Lander: Adyghe (Northwest Caucasian)


Michael Fortescue is Emeritus Professor of Linguistics at the University of Copenhagen, now associated with St Hugh's College, Oxford. His special area of interest is Arctic and Sub-Arctic languages, principally Eskimo-Aleut, but also Chukotko-Kamchatkan and Wakashan languages. He has also published extensively in the more general fields of comparative, typological, cognitive, and functional linguistics.; Marianne Mithun is Professor of Linguistics at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Much of her work has been in the areas of morphology, syntax, discourse, prosody, and their interrelations; language contact and language change; typology and universals; and language documentation. She has worked with numerous typologically diverse languages including Mohawk, Central Alaskan Yup'ik, Navajo, and Selayarese.; Nicholas Evans is ARC Laureate Fellow and Distinguished Professor of Linguistics at the Australian National University, and Director of the ARC Centre of Excellence for the Dynamics of Language. He has carried out wide-ranging fieldwork on traditional languages of northern Australia and southern Papua New Guinea, including Bininj Gun-wok, Dalabon, and Kayardild. He has also worked as a linguist, interpreter, and anthropologist in Native Title claims.