Maximal God: A New Defence of Perfect Being Theism

ISBN : 9780198758686

Yujin Nagasawa
256 ページ
135 x 216 mm

Yujin Nagasawa presents a new, stronger version of perfect being theism, the conception of God as the greatest possible being. Although perfect being theism is the most common form of monotheism in the Judeo-Christian-Islamic tradition its truth has been disputed by philosophers and theologians for centuries. Nagasawa proposes a new, game-changing defence of perfect being theism by developing what he calls the 'maximal concept of God'. Perfect being theists typically maintain that God is an omniscient, omnipotent, and omnibenevolent being; according to Nagasawa, God should be understood rather as a being that has the maximal consistent set of knowledge, power, and benevolence. Nagasawa argues that once we accept the maximal concept we can establish perfect being theism on two grounds. First, we can refute nearly all existing arguments against perfect being theism simultaneously. Second, we can construct a novel, strengthened version of the modal ontological argument for perfect being theism. Nagasawa concludes that the maximal concept grants us a unified defence of perfect being theism that is highly effective and economical.


Part I: Perfect Being Theism
1 Conceptual, Historical and Cognitive Roots of Perfect Being Theism
2 Perfect Being Theism and the Great Chain of Being

Part II: The Maximal God Refutation of Arguments against Perfect Being Theism
3 Maximal God and Arguments against Perfect Being Theism I
4 Maximal God and Arguments against Perfect Being Theism II

Part III: The Maximal God Defence of the Ontological Argument for Perfect Being Theism
5 A Partial Defence of the Classical Ontological Argument I
6 A Partial Defence of the Classical Ontological Argument II
7 Maximal God and the Modal Ontological Argument


Yujin Nagasawa is Professor of Philosophy and Co-Director of the John Hick Centre for Philosophy of Religion at the University of Birmingham. He is the author of God and Phenomenal Consciousness (CUP, 2008), The Existence of God (Routledge, 2011) and Miracles: A Very Short Introduction (OUP, forthcoming). He won the Philosophical Quarterly Essay Prize in 2007, the Templeton Award for Theological Promise in 2008, and the Excellence in Philosophy of Religion Prize in 2011.