OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Multiracial Identity and Racial Politics in the United States

ISBN : 9780190657468

参考価格(税込): 
¥15,246
著者: 
Natalie Masuoka
ページ
256 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
156 x 235 mm
刊行日
2017年08月
メール送信
印刷

While pundits point to multiracial Americans as new evidence of a harmonious ethnic melting pot, in reality mixed race peoples have long existed in the United States. Rather than characterize multiracial Americans as a "new" population, this book argues that instead we should view them as individuals who reflect a new culture of racial identification. Today, identities such as "biracial" or "swirlies" are evoked alongside those more established racial categories of white, black Asian and Latino. What is significant about multiracial identities is that they communicate an alternative viewpoint about race: that a person's preferred self-identification should be used to define a person's race. Yet this definition of race is a distinct contrast to historic norms which has defined race as a category assigned to a person based on certain social rules which emphasized things like phenotype, being "one-drop" of African blood or heritage. In Multiracial Identity and Racial Politics in the United States, Natalie Masuoka catalogues how this cultural shift from assigning race to perceiving race as a product of personal identification came about by tracing events over the course of the twentieth century. Masuoka uses a variety of sources including in-depth interviews, public opinion surveys and census data to understand how certain individuals embrace the agency of self-identification and choose to assert multiracial identities. At the same time, the book shows that the meaning and consequences of multiracial identification can only be understood when contrasted against those who identify as white, black Asian or Latino. An included case study on President Barack Obama also shows how multiracial identity narratives can be strategically used to reduce anti-black bias among voters. Therefore, rather than looking at multiracial Americans as a harbinger of dramatic change for American race relations, this Multiracial Identity and Racial Politics in the United States shows that narratives promoting multiracial identities are in direct dialogue with, rather than in replacement of, the longstanding racial order.

目次: 

CHAPTER 1: Identity Choice: Changing Practices of Race and Multiracial Identification
CHAPTER 2: Exclusive Categories: Historical Formation of Racial Classification in the United States
CHAPTER 3: Advocating for Choice: Political Views of Multiracial Activists
CHAPTER 4: Declaring Race: Understanding Opportunities to Self-Identify as Multiracial
CHAPTER 5: Implications of Racial Identity: Comparing Monoracial and Multiracial Political Attitudes
CHAPTER 6: In the Eye of the Beholder: American Perceptions of Obama's Race
CHAPTER 7: Multiracial and Beyond: Racial Formation in the 21st Century
References
Appendices

著者について: 

Natalie Masuoka is Associate Professor of Political Science at Tufts University. Her research has sought to unveil the ways in which race continues to recreate political inequality in the United States, focusing on the racial differences in political behavior and attitudes. Her first book, The Politics of Belonging: Race, Public Opinion and Immigration Policy was the winner of the 2014 Ralphe Bunche Award by the American Political Science Association.

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