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Unfortunate Destiny: Animals in the Indian Buddhist Imagination

ISBN : 9780190637545

参考価格(税込): 
¥5,390
著者: 
Reiko Ohnuma
ページ
256 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
156 x 235 mm
刊行日
2017年07月
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Unfortunate Destiny focuses on the roles played by nonhuman animals within the imaginative thought-world of Indian Buddhism, as reflected in pre-modern South Asian Buddhist literature. These roles are multifaceted, diverse, and often contradictory: In Buddhist doctrine and cosmology, the animal rebirth is a most "unfortunate destiny" (durgati), won through negative karma and characterized by a lack of intelligence, moral agency, and spiritual potential. In stories about the Buddha's previous lives, on the other hand, we find highly anthropomorphized animals who are wise, virtuous, endowed with human speech, and often critical of the moral shortcomings of humankind. In the life-story of the Buddha, certain animal characters serve as "doubles" of the Buddha, illuminating his nature through identification, contrast or parallelism with an animal "other." Relations between human beings and animals likewise range all the way from support, friendship, and near-equality to rampant exploitation, cruelty, and abuse. Perhaps the only commonality among these various strands of thought is a persistent impulse to use animals to clarify the nature of humanity itself-whether through similarity, contrast, or counterpoint. Buddhism is a profoundly human-centered religious tradition, yet it relies upon a dexterous use of the animal other to help clarify the human self. This book seeks to make sense of this process through a wide-ranging-exploration of animal imagery, animal discourse, and specific animal characters in South Asian Buddhist texts.

目次: 

Preface

Part I - UNFORTUNATE DESTINY
Introduction
Chapter One - Unfortunate Destiny: Animals in A Buddhist Cosmos
Chapter Two - Catching Sight of the Buddha: Faithful Animals in the Divyavadana and Avadanasataka

Part II - WHEN ANIMALS SPEAK: ANIMALS IN THE PALI JATAKAS
Introduction
Chapter Three - (Human) Nature, Red in Tooth and Claw
Chapter Four - Animal Saviors

Part III - ANIMAL DOUBLES OF THE BUDDHA
Introduction
Chapter Five - Scapegoat for the Buddha: The Horse Kanthaka
Chapter Six - Mirror for the Buddha: The Elephant Parileyyaka
Chapter Seven - Billboard for the Buddha: The Elephant Nalagiri
Conclusion

著者について: 

Reiko Ohnuma is Professor of Religion, Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, and Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies at Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire. She is a specialist in the Buddhist traditions of South Asia, with a particular focus on narrative literature, hagiography, and the role and imagery of women.

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