The Oxford Handbook of Causal Reasoning

ISBN : 9780199399550

Michael Waldmann
768 ページ
178 x 254 mm
Oxford Library of Psychology

Causal reasoning is one of our most central cognitive competencies, enabling us to adapt to our world. Causal knowledge allows us to predict future events, or diagnose the causes of observed facts. We plan actions and solve problems using knowledge about cause-effect relations. Although causal reasoning is a component of most of our cognitive functions, it has been neglected in cognitive psychology for many decades. The Oxford Handbook of Causal Reasoning offers a state-of-the-art review of the growing field, and its contribution to the world of cognitive science. The Handbook begins with an introduction of competing theories of causal learning and reasoning. In the next section, it presents research about basic cognitive functions involved in causal cognition, such as perception, categorization, argumentation, decision-making, and induction. The following section examines research on domains that embody causal relations, including intuitive physics, legal and moral reasoning, psychopathology, language, social cognition, and the roles of space and time. The final section presents research from neighboring fields that study developmental, phylogenetic, and cultural differences in causal cognition. The chapters, each written by renowned researchers in their field, fill in the gaps of many cognitive psychology textbooks, emphasizing the crucial role of causal structures in our everyday lives. This Handbook is an essential read for students and researchers of the cognitive sciences, including cognitive, developmental, social, comparative, and cross-cultural psychology; philosophy; methodology; statistics; artificial intelligence; and machine learning.



Part I Theories of Causal Cognition
1. Associative Accounts of Causal Cognition
Mike Le Pelley, Oren Griffiths, and Tom Beesley
2. Rules of Causal Judgment: Mapping Statistical Information Onto Causal Beliefs
Jose Perales, Andres Catena, Antonio Candido, and Antonio Maldonado
3. The Inferential Reasoning Theory of Causal Learning: Towards a Multi- process Propositional Account
Yannick Boddez, Jan DeHouwer, and Tom Beckers
.4 Causal Invariance as an Essential Constraint for Creating a Causal Representation of the World: Generalizing the Invariance of Causal Power
Patricia Cheng and Hongjing Lu
5. The Acquisition and Use of Causal Structure Learning
Ben Rottman
6. Formalizing prior knowledge in causal induction
Tom Griffiths
7. Causal Mechanisms
Samuel Johnson and Woo-kyoung Ahn
8. Force Dynamics and Causation
Phil Wolff
9. Mental Models and Causation
Phil Johnson Laird and Sunny Khemlani
10. Pseudocontingencies
Klaus Fiedlerand Florian Kutzner
11. Singular Causation
David Danks
12. Cognitive Neuroscience of Causal Reasoning
Joachim T. Operskalski and Aron Barbey

Part II Basic Cognitive Functions
13. Visual Impressions of Causality
Peter White
14. Goal-directed Actions
Bernhard Hommel
15. Planning and Control
Magda Osman
16. Reinforcement Learning and Causal Models
Sam Gershman
17. Causation and the Probability of Causal Conditionals
David Over
18. Causal Models and Conditional Reasoning
Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater
19 Categories as Causal Models: Categorization
Bob Rehder
20. Categories as Causal Models: Inductions
Bob Rehder
21. Causal Explanation
Tania Lombrozo and Nadya Vasilyeva
22. Diagnostic Reasoning
Bjorn Meder and Ralf Mayrhofer
23. Inferring Causal Relations by Analogy
Keith Holyoak and Hee-Seung Lee
24. Causal Argument
Ulrike Hahn, Roland Bluhm, and Frank Zenker
25. Causal Decision Making
York Hagmayer and Philip Fernbach

Part III Domains of Causal Reasoning
26 Intuitive Theories
Tobias Gerstenberg and Josh Tenenbaum
27 Space, Time, and Causality
Marc Buehner
28 Causation in Legal and Moral Reasoning
David Lagnado and Tobias Gerstenberg
29 Role of Causal Knowledge in Reasoning about Mental Disorders
Woo-kyoung Ahn, Nancy Kim, and Matt Lebowitz
30 Causation and Causal Reasoning in Natural Language
Torgrim Solstad and Oliver Bott
31 Social Attribution and Explanation
Denis Hilton

Part IV Culture, Development, and Phylegeny
32 The Development of Causal Reasoning
Paul Muentener and Elizabeth Bonawitz
33 Causal Reasoning in Nonhuman Animals
Christian Schloegl and Julia Fischer
34 Causal Cognition and Culture
Andrea Bender, Sieghard Beller, and Doug Medin



Michael R. Waldmann, PhD, is Professor of Psychology at the University of Gottingen, Germany. He has received the early career research award from the German Society for Psychology, and is a Fellow of APS. Currently he is serving as an associate editor of the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, and as chair of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Max Planck Institute of Human Development, Berlin. The focus of his research is on higher-level cognitive processes across different species and cultures.