The Third Globalization: Can Wealthy Nations Stay Rich in the Twenty-First Century?

ISBN : 9780199917822

Dan Breznitz; John Zysman
432 ページ
161 x 239 mm

Given the powerfully negative and ongoing impact of the Great Recession on western economies, the question of whether historically wealthy nations-the US, Western European countries, Japan-can stay wealthy has become an overriding concern for virtually every interested observer. Can their middle classes remain comfortable as more and more good and technically jobs disappear to other parts of the world? Can they support themselves as they devote more and more economic resources to an aging population base? In The Third Globalization, eminent political economists Dan Breznitz and John Zysman gather some of the discipline's leading scholars to assess the prospects for growth and prosperity among advanced industrial nations. Throughout, they examine the core transformation in the economies of the advanced countries, the character of the challenge from the emerging economies, and the varied policy responses of the advanced countries. And, via a series of case studies, the contributors consider the central challenges these countries face internally and the nature of their responses. In particular, they ask what governments might do to achieve the goal of generating and retaining highly productive economic activity, which they collectively regard as necessary for sustained growth. In total, the book directly challenges a number of core policy and academic assumptions about the dynamics of contemporary advanced economies by looking at the problem from three different angles: a) a macro perspective, which considers the forces changing the policy and political economy landscape after the crisis; b) a sectoral perspective, which explains how these forces unleashed major shifts within critical domains and industries; and c) a policy perspective that concentrates on the responses to the Great Recession of both the already rich nations and the new, game transforming, competitors such as China and India. All told, the book's powerful analysis of a current global problem-weak growth in the world's longtime growth engines-that is of concern to everyone will make this essential reading for scholars and policymakers from across the social sciences.


About the Contributors
Introduction: Facing the Double Bind: Maintaining a Healthy and Wealthy Economy in the 21st Century
John Zysman and Dan Breznitz
Section I: The New Terms of Competition: Challenges and Challenger
Dan Breznitz and John Zysman
1. China's Run - Economic Growth, Policy, Interdependences, and Implications for Diverse Innovation Policies in a World of Fragmented Production
Dan Breznitz and Michael Murphree
2. The Chinese Auto Industry as Challenge, Opportunity and Partner
Gregory W. Noble
3. Center-Local Politics and the Limits of Interdependence: Why China's Innovation Challenge May be Overstated
Crystal Chang
4. Services with Everything: The ICT-Enabled Digital Transformation of Services
John Zysman, Stuart Feldman, Kenji E. Kushida, Jonathan Murray, Niels Christian Nielsen
5. Platforms, Productivity, and Politics: Comparative Retail Services in a Digital Age
Bartholomew C. Watson
6. A Decade after the Y2K Problem: Has Indian IT Emerged?
Rafiq Dossani
7. The Dissolution of Sectors: Do Politics and Sectors Still Go Together?
Mark Huberty
Section II: A (re)New(ed) Need for the State - The Already Wealthy Response? (Or just Crisis and Response)
John Zysman and Dan Breznitz
8. This Time It Really Is Different: Europe, the Financial Crisis, and 'Staying on Top' in the 21st Century
Mark Blyth
9. The Fragility of the US Economy: The Financialized Corporation and the Disappearing Middle Class
William Lazonick
10. Energy systems transformation: State choices at the intersection of sustainability and growth
Mark Huberty
11. How the Nordic Nations Stay Rich: Governing Sectoral Shifts in Denmark, Finland and Sweden
Darius Ornston
12. Directionless: French Economic Policy in The 21st Century
Jonah D. Levy
13. Japan's Information Technology Challenge
Steven K. Vogel
Conclusion: A Third Globalization, Lessons for Sustained Growth?
Dan Breznitz and John Zysman


Dan Breznitz is Associate Professor of Political Science, Georgia Institute of Technology, and author of Run of the Red Queen (Yale UP) and Innovation and the State (Yale UP). John Zysman is Professor of Political Science, UC-Berkeley, and co-author of Manufacturing Matters (Basic Books)