OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

An Introduction to Population-Level Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases

ISBN : 9780198791188

参考価格(税込): 
¥7,304
著者: 
Mike Rayner; Kremlin Wickramasinghe; Karen McColl; Shanthi Mendis; Julianne Williams
ページ
276 ページ
フォーマット
Paperback
サイズ
170 x 247 mm
刊行日
2017年03月
メール送信
印刷

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) kill more people than anything else in the world. They include cardiovascular diseases, such as heart attacks and strokes; cancers; chronic respiratory diseases, such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma; and diabetes. In 2013, the World Health Organization published a global action plan for the prevention and control of NCDs which set a target to reduce death rates from NCDs by 25% by 2025. In response, countries have been drawing up national-level NCD prevention policies and programmes. New departments have been created by governments, NGOs, and other organizations to drive this agenda forward, creating a need for capacity building and training. In response to this need, the Nuffield Department of Population Health and the Department for Continuing Education at the University of Oxford initiated an accredited six-day short course on prevention strategies for non-communicable diseases with a population-based approach. In the past, many attempts to engage with NCD prevention have centred on individual-level interventions, such as screening and treating individual patients. In this new book, the course organisers provide a solid introduction to the population-based approach and bring together the concepts, evidence, and methods that define it. An Introduction to Population-Level Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases takes readers through the entire policy cycle: from problem definition, solution generation, capacity building, and implementation to evaluation and monitoring. The book includes a wide range of case studies and practical examples of plans and projects that illustrate the real-life applications of theory. This book provides an unparalleled overview of population-based approaches to the prevention of non-communicable diseases, reflecting the latest research in the field. It is a key resource for anyone with an interest in NCD prevention, particularly early-career professionals working in governments, NGOs, health care institutions, and universities as they develop the knowledge and skills required for effective population-based prevention strategies.

目次: 

Section 1: Introduction to the book
1: Introduction
Section 2: Problem definition
2: Understanding NCDs
3: NCDs: Risk factors and determinants
4: The socio-political landscape of NCDs, Part I
5: The socio-political landscape of NCDs, Part II
6: Public health advocacy for the prevention of NCDs
7: Screening and surveillance
Section 3: Solution generation
8: Evidence for population-level approaches to the prevention of NCDs: Evaluating effectiveness and modelling
9: Evidence for population-level approaches to the prevention of NCDs: Economic evaluation
10: Developing a prevention strategy
Section 4: Resource mobilisation and implementation
11: Capacity building
12: Implementation of an NCD prevention strategy
13: Implementation: Beyond the health sector
Section 5: Monitoring progress
14: Evaluation and monitoring
15: Revisiting the stages of the policy cycle
Index

著者について: 

Mike Rayner is a Professor of Population Health at the Nuffield Department of Population health and Director of the British Heart Foundation Health Centre on Population Approaches for Non-Communicable Disease Prevention, based in the department. The Centre, which Mike founded in 1993, is a World Health Organisation Collaborating Centre on Population Approaches for Non-Communicable Disease Prevention and carries out research in two main areas: the burden of cardiovascular disease and the promotion of healthier diets and increased levels of physical activity. Mike is also Chair of Sustain: the alliance for better food and farming and Chair of its Children's Food Campaign in the UK. He is a trustee of the UK National Health Forum, Chair of the Nutrition Expert Group for the European Heart Network based in Brussels and a member of the Scientific Advisory Panel of the International Obesity Task Force. He is also an ordained priest in the Church of England.; Kremlin Wickramasinghe joined the British Heart Foundation Centre on Population Approaches for Non-Communicable Disease Prevention (BHF CPNP) in 2009 to work on the epidemiology of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and associated risk factors. He also collates and produces statistics for regular publications for the British Heart Foundation. The BHF CPNP was awarded the status of World Health Organisation Collaborating Centre on Population Approaches for Non-Communicable Disease Prevention in 2013 and Dr Wickramasinghe is the Co-Director of the Collaborating Centre. He is also the Course Director for the Short course on prevention strategies for non-communicable diseases organised, on a regular basis, by the BHF CPNP.; Julianne Williams joined the British Heart Foundation (BHF) Centre on Population Approaches for NCD Prevention in October 2012 to work on the coronary heart disease statistics compendia and an analysis of the food environment around schools. Her research interests include the relationships between obesity, socio-economic status, and the food environment as well as how technology can be used to improve our understanding of these associations.; Karen McColl is a freelance consultant based in Lotissement La Thuile, Montagny, France.; Dr Shanthi Mendis coordinates the global program for Prevention and Management of non-communicable diseases at the World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. She has been the Senior Adviser/coordinator of the World Health Organization cardiovascular and non-communicable diseases programs from 2000. Dr Mendis served as Professor of Medicine, at the Faculty of Medicine, Peradeniya Sri Lanka from 1979 for twenty years. She is a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and a Fellow of the American College of Cardiology. She received post-doctoral training in the United Kingdom and USA, and has wide experience in Global Health, Internal Medicine, Cardiology, Policy development and Research in developing countries and has published widely.

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