Medical Neurobiology (2nd edition)

ISBN : 9780190237493

Peggy Mason
504 ページ
216 x 279 mm

Medical Neurobiology, Second Edition continues the work of Dr. Peggy Mason as one of the few single author textbooks available. Written in an engaging style for the vast majority of medical students who will choose to specialize in internal medicine, orthopedics, oncology, cardiology, emergency medicine, and the like, as well as the student interested in neurology, psychiatry, or ophthalmology, this textbook provides a sturdy scaffold upon which a more detailed specialized knowledge can be built. Unlike other neuroscience textbooks, this new edition continues to focus exclusively on the human, covering everything from neuroanatomy to perception, motor control, homeostasis, and pathophysiology. Dr. Mason uniquely explains how disease and illness affect one's neurobiological functions and how they manifest in a person. Thoroughly updated as a result of student feedback, the topics are strictly honed and logically organized to meet the needs of the time-pressed student studying on-the-go. This textbook allows the reader to effortlessly absorb fundamental information critical to the practice of medicine through the use of memorable stories, metaphors, and clinical cases. Students will gain the tools and confidence to make novel connections between the nervous system and human disease. This is the perfect reference for any medical student, biology student, as well as any clinician looking to expand their knowledge of the human nervous system. New To the Second Edition of Medical Neurobiology: * New sections on cerebral palsy, brain cancer, traumatic brain injury, neurodegenerative diseases, aphasia, and Kallmann syndrome; * Incorporates easy to understand visual guides to brain development, eye movements, pupillary light reflex, pathways involved in Horner's syndrome; * Presents real-life dilemmas faced by clinicians are discussed from both the medical point of view and the patient's perspective; and * Additional reading lists are provided at the end of each chapter that include first-hand accounts of neurological cases and scientific discoveries (e.g. HM). Key Features Include: * Written in an accessible and narrative tone; * Uses metaphors and clinical examples to help the reader absorb the fundamentals of neurobiology; and * Highly illustrated with over 300 figures and tables for full comprehension of topics covered.


Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition

Section 1: Introduction to Medical Neurobiology
Chapter 1: Introduction to the Nervous System
Chapter 2: Cells of the Nervous System: Neurons and Glia

Section 2: Neuroanatomy
Chapter 3: Developmental Overview of Central Neuroanatomy: The Tube within the Brain
Chapter 4: Spinal Cord: Conduit between Body and Brain
Chapter 5: Cranial Nerves and Cranial Nerve Nuclei
Chapter 6: The Versatile Brainstem
Chapter 7: Forebrain: Action, Perception, Emotion, Thought
Chapter 8: Following the Nutrients: Bloody Supply, Blood - Brain Barrier, and Ventricles

Section 3: Neural Communication
Chapter 9: The Neuron at Rest
Chapter 10: Electrical Communication within a Neuron
Chapter 11: Neurotransmitter Release
Chapter 12: Synthesis, Packaging, and Termination of Neurotransmitters
Chapter 13: Receiving the Synaptic Message

Section 4: Perception
Chapter 14: Perceiving the World
Chapter 15: Seeing the World
Chapter 16: Audition: Communication Portal
Chapter 17: Somatosensation: From Movement to Pain
Chapter 18: The Vestibular Sense: Balance and Equilibrium
Chapter 19: Gaze Control

Section 5: Motor Control
Chapter 20: Voluntary Motor Control
Chapter 21: The Motor Unit and Orderly Recruitment
Chapter 22: Reflexes and Gait
Chapter 23: From Movement to Action: Postural Stability, Orienting, and Praxis
Chapter 24: Cerebellum
Chapter 25: Basal Ganglia: Action Selection

Section 6: Homeostasis
Chapter 26: Introduction to Homeostasis
Chapter 27: Homeostatic Systems: Staying Alive

Section 7: You and the Brain
Chapter 28: The Brain in a Physician's Life



Dr Peggy Mason's love of science gained an early start as a child taxidermist in Washington, DC. She received her BA in Biology (1983) and PhD in Neuroscience from Harvard University in 1987 and completed her post-doctoral training in Neurology at UCSF in 1991. She is currently a Professor of Neurobiology at the University of Chicago. She is committed to teaching neurobiology to anyone that will listen and has won multiple awards for her teaching of medical students at the Pritzker School of Medicine. She is the inaugural director of the Neuroscience program at the University of Chicago College. Her massively open online course (MOOC) on Understanding the Brain: The Neurobiology of Everyday Life has reached more than 100,000 students. In groundbreaking work that has garnered worldwide attention and excitement, Dr. Mason demonstrated that rats help other rats in distress. Her laboratory continues to investigate the biology of empathy and pro-social behavior.