OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry IV: Classification of Psychiatric Illness

ISBN : 9780198796022

参考価格(税込): 
¥8,580
著者: 
Kenneth S. Kendler; Josef Parnas
関連カテゴリー
ページ
448 ページ
フォーマット
Paperback
サイズ
156 x 234 mm
刊行日
2017年03月
シリーズ
International Perspectives in Philosophy & Psychiatry
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印刷

The revisions of both DSM-IV and ICD-10 have again focused the interest of the field of psychiatry and clinical psychology on the issue of nosology. This interest has been further heightened by a series of controversies associated with the development of DSM-5 including the fate of proposed revisions of the personality disorders, bereavement, and the autism spectrum. Major debate arose within the DSM process about the criteria for changing criteria, leading to the creation of first the Scientific Review Committee and then a series of other oversight committees which weighed in on the final debates on the most controversial proposed additions to DSM-5, providing important influences on the final decisions. Contained within these debates were a range of conceptual and philosophical issues. Some of these - such as the definition of mental disorder or the problems of psychiatric " - have been with the field for a long time. Others - the concept of epistemic iteration as a framework for the introduction of nosologic change - are quite new. This book reviews issues within psychiatric nosology from clinical, historical and particularly philosophical perspectives. The book brings together a range of distinguished authors - including major psychiatric researchers, clinicians, historians and especially nosologists - including several leaders of the DSM-5 effort and the DSM Steering Committee. It also includes contributions from psychologists with a special interest in psychiatric nosology and philosophers with a wide range of orientations. The book is organized into four major sections: The first explores the nature of psychiatric illness and the way in which it is defined, including clinical and psychometric perspectives. The second section examines problems in the reification of psychiatric diagnostic criteria, the problem of psychiatric epidemics, and the nature and definition of individual symptoms. The third section explores the concept of epistemic iteration as a possible governing conceptual framework for the revision efforts for official psychiatric nosologies such as DSM and ICD and the problems of validation of psychiatric diagnoses. The book ends by exploring how we might move from the descriptive to the etiologic in psychiatric diagnoses, the nature of progress in psychiatric research, and the possible benefits of moving to a living document (or continuous improvement) model for psychiatric nosologic systems. The result is a book that captures the dynamic cross-disciplinary interactions that characterize the best work in the philosophy of psychiatry.

目次: 

Part I: Nature of Psychiatric Illness
1 Kenneth S. Kendler: Introduction to Clinical significance', disability and biomarkers: shifts in thinking between DSM-4 and DSM-5
2 Derek Bolton: Clinical significance', disability and biomarkers: shifts in thinking between DSM-4 and DSM-5
3 Peter Zachar: Distinguishing but not Dissociating Psychiatric Disorder and Impairment in Functioning: Bolton, Hume, and Sentiment
4 Kenneth S. Kendler and Josef Parnas: Introduction to The Hard Question in Psychiatric Nosology
5 Eric Turkheimer: The Hard Question in Psychiatric Nosology
6 Denny Borsboom: Representation and explanation in psychometric modeling
7 Kenneth S. Kendler: Introduction to Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders in DSM-5, ICD-11 and RDoC: Conceptual questions and practical solutions
8 Dan Stein: Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders in DSM-5, ICD-11 and RDoC: Conceptual questions and practical solutions
9 Miriam Solomon: Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders in DSM-5, ICD-11 and RDoC: Conceptual questions and practical solutions
10 Kenneth S. Kendler: Introduction to Mental disorders, network models, and dynamical systems
11 Denny Borsboom: Mental disorders, network models, and dynamical systems
12 Eric Turkheimer: I Bet on Borsboom

Part II: Reification, Epidemics, and Individual Symptoms
13 Josef Parnas: Introduction to On Reification of Mental Illness: Historical and Conceptual Issues From Emil Kraepelin and Eugen Bleuler to DSM-5
14 Paul Hoff: On Reification of Mental Illness: Historical and Conceptual Issues From Emil Kraepelin and Eugen Bleuler to DSM-5
15 Dan Stein: Reification of mental illness: Some considerations
16 Kenneth S. Kendler: Introduction to Factors in the Development of Psychiatric Epidemics
17 Michael First: Factors in the Development of Psychiatric Epidemics
18 Josef Parnas: Diagnostic epidemics and diagnostic disarray: the issue of differential diagnosis
19 Kenneth S. Kendler: Introduction to Description and Explanation of the Culture bound Syndromes
20 Dominic Murphy: Description and Explanation of the Culture bound Syndromes
21 Paul Appelbaum: Reflections on Culture-Bound Syndromes
22 Kenneth S. Kendler: Introduction to On the Appearance and Disappearance of Asperger's Syndrome
23 Miriam Solomon: On the Appearance and Disappearance of Asperger's Syndrome
24 Michael First: Impact of Severity Decategorization in DSM-5
25 Kenneth S. Kendler: Introduction to The ontology and epistemology of symptoms: The case of auditory verbal hallucinations in schizophrenia
26 Josef Parnas: The ontology and epistemology of symptoms: The case of auditory verbal hallucinations in schizophrenia
27 Paul Hoff: Comment on The Ontology and Epistemology of Symptoms: The Case of Auditory Verbal Hallucinations in Schizophrenia

Part III: Epistemic Iteration
28 Kenneth S. Kendler: Introduction to Epistemic Iteration and Natural Kinds: Realism and Pluralism in Taxonomy
29 Hasok Chang: Epistemic Iteration and Natural Kinds: Realism and Pluralism in Taxonomy
30 Kenneth S. Kendler: Psychiatric Nosology, Epistemic Iteration and Pluralism
31 Kenneth S. Kendler: Introduction to Validity and the causal structure of a disorder
32 Joseph Campbell: Validity and the causal structure of a disorder
33 Dominic Murphy: Saving the Explananda
34 Kenneth S. Kendler: Introduction to Epistemic Iteration or Paradigm Shift: The Case of Personality Disorder
35 Peter Zachar: Epistemic Iteration or Paradigm Shift: The Case of Personality Disorder
36 Joseph Campbell: Why we should be realists about psychiatric disorders- reply to Peter Zachar
37 Josef Parnas: Introduction to Progressive Validation of Psychiatric Syndromes: The Example of Panic Disorder
38 Kenneth S. Kendler: Progressive Validation of Psychiatric Syndromes: The Example of Panic Disorder
39 Kenneth S. Kendler: Comments on Kenneth S. Kendler'sProgressive Validation of Psychiatric Syndromes: The Example of Panic Disorder

Part IV: Descriptive to Etiologic and Living Document
40 Josef Parnas: Introduction to Causal Pathways, Random Walks and Tortuous Paths: Moving from the Descriptive to the Etiological in Psychiatry
41 Kenneth Schaffner and Kathryn Tabb: Causal Pathways, Random Walks and Tortuous Paths: Moving from the Descriptive to the Etiological in Psychiatry
42 Hasok Chang: Notes for commentary on Kathryn Tabb and Kenneth F. Schaffner, Causal Pathways, Random Walks and Tortuous Paths: Moving from the Descriptive to the Etiological in Psychiatry
43 Kenneth S. Kendler: Introduction to What is progress in psychiatric research?
44 Stephan Heckers: What is progress in psychiatric research?
45 Derek Bolton: Commentary on Stephan Heckers' What is progress in psychiatric research?
46 Kenneth S. Kendler: Introduction to DSM-5.1: Perspectives on Continuous Improvement in Diagnostic Frameworks
47 Paul Appelbaum: DSM-5.1: Perspectives on Continuous Improvement in Diagnostic Frameworks
48 Stephan Heckers: How do we improve the DSM?

著者について: 

Dr. Kendler has pursued for most of his career substantive research in psychiatric genetics and epidemiology. He has, during that time, actively published at the interface between psychiatric genetics and psychiatric nosology. He was on the Task Forces of DSM-III-R and DSM-IV. For DSM-5, he chaired the Scientific Review Committee. He is currently vice-chair of the American Psychiatric Association's DSM Steering Committee which is overseeing changes in DSM-5. He has, over the last 15 years, written extensively on topics at the interface between psychiatry and philosophy including a number of papers on nosology. Along with Dr. Parnas, he edited volumes that included the papers and commentaries for the three prior Philosophy of Psychiatry conferences: i) Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry: Explanation, Phenomenology and Nosology, ii) Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry: II Nosology, and iii) Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry: III: the nature and sources of historical change.; Dr. Parnas has published in the domain of psychopathology, epidemiology and pathogenesis of schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Over the past 25 years he has been active at the interface of psychopathology and philosophy, especially philosophy of mind and phenomenology, applying these to the issues of psychiatric diagnosis and classification. His most recent work deals with experiential trait-phenotypes of the schizophrenia spectrum disorders, in particular the anomalies of self-experience. He is a co-founder of and a senior researcher at an interdisciplinary theoretical institute, Center for Subjectivity Research at the University of Copenhagen, integrating psychiatry, philosophy, and hermeneutics in interaction with cognitive science and neuroscience. Along with Dr. Kendler, he edited three prior volumes on philosophy and psychiatry (vide supra).

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