Citizen Explorer: The Life of Zebulon Pike

ISBN : 9780190674144

Jared Orsi
394 ページ
156 x 234 mm

It was November 1806. The explorers had gone without food for one day, then two. Their leader, not yet thirty, drove on, determined to ascend the great mountain. Waist deep in snow, he reluctantly turned back. But Zebulon Pike had not been defeated. His name remained on the unclimbed peak-and new adventures lay ahead of him and his republic. In Citizen Explorer, historian Jared Orsi provides the first modern biography of this soldier and explorer, who rivaled contemporaries Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. Born in 1779, Pike joined the army and served in frontier posts in the Ohio River valley before embarking on a series of astonishing expeditions. He sought the headwaters of the Mississippi and later the sources of the Arkansas and Red Rivers, which led him to Pike's Peak and capture by Spanish forces. Along the way, he met Aaron Burr and General James Wilkinson; Auguste and Pierre Couteau, patriarchs of St. Louis's most powerful fur-trading family, who sought to make themselves indispensible to Jefferson's administration; as well as British fur-traders, Native Americans, and officers of the Spanish empire, all of whom resisted the expansion of the United States. Through Pike's life, Orsi examines how American nationalism thinned as it stretched west, from the Jeffersonian idealism on the Atlantic to a practical, materialist sensibility on the frontier. Surveying and gathering data, Pike sought to incorporate these distant territories into the republic, to overlay the west with the American map grid; yet he became increasingly dependent for survival on people who had no attachment to the nation he served. He eventually died in that service, in a victorious battle in the War of 1812. Written from an environmental perspective, rich in cultural and political context, Citizen Explorer is a state-of-the-art biography of a remarkable man.


Prologue Coming of Age in the Revolution
Ch 1 The Happiness of a Free and Independent People: A Family and a Nation Seek Liberty, 1635-1794
Ch 2 The Bargain of Independence, 1794-1805
Ch 3 A Barrier to Their Trade: Establishing Americans in the Upper Mississippi Country, 1805-1806
Ch 4 Young Warriors of the Great American Father: Crossing the Plains, July- November 1806
Ch 5 Frozen Lads: Into The Rockies, November 1806-February 1807
Ch 6 A Comfortable Captivity: Traveling through New Spain, February-July 1807
Ch 7 Citizen Soldier: Pike's Final Search for Independence, 1807-1813
Epilogue From Frozen Lads to Purple Mountain Majesties: Pike's West and American Nationalism, 1813-1893


Jared Orsi is Associate Professor of History at Colorado State University. He is the author of the prizing-winning Hazardous Metropolis: Flooding and Urban Ecology in Los Angeles.