The Spread of Modern Industry to the Periphery Since 1871

ISBN : 9780198753643

Kevin Hjortshoj O'Rourke; Jeffrey Gale Williamson
416 ページ
153 x 234 mm

Ever since the Industrial Revolution of the late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth centuries, industrialization has been the key to modern economic growth. The fact that modern industry originated in Britain, and spread initially to north-western Europe and North America, implied a dramatic divergence in living standards between the industrial North (or 'West') and a non-industrial, or even de-industrializing, South (or 'Rest'). This nineteenth-century divergence, which had profound economic, military, and geopolitical implications, has been studied in great detail by many economists and historians. Today, this divergence between the 'West' and the 'Rest' is visibly unravelling, as economies in Asia, Latin America and even sub-Saharan Africa converge on the rich economies of Europe and North America. This phenomenon, which is set to define the twenty-first century, both economically and politically, has also been the subject of a considerable amount of research. Less appreciated, however, are the deep historical roots of this convergence process, and in particular of the spread of modern industry to the global periphery. This volume fills this gap by providing a systematic, comparative, historical account of the spread of modern manufacturing beyond its traditional heartland, to Southern and Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and Latin America, or what we call the poor periphery. It identifies the timing of this convergence, finding that this was fastest in the interwar and post-World War II years, not the more recent 'miracle growth' years. It also identifies which driving forces were common to all periphery countries, and which were not.


1 Kevin O'Rourke and Jeffrey Williamson: Introduction
2 Agustin Benetrix, Kevin O'Rourke, and Jeffrey Williamson: Measuring the Spread of Modern Manufacturing to the Poor Periphery
Europe and the Middle East
3 Steven Nafziger and Andrei Markevich: State and Market in Russian Industrialization
4 Alex Klein, Max Schulze, and Tamas Vonyo: East and Central Europe
5 Michael Kopsidis and Martin Ivanov: Industrialization and De-Industrialization in Southeast Europe
6 Matteo Gomellini and Gianni Toniolo: The Industrialization of Italy 1861-1971
7 Ulas Karakoc, Laura Panza, and Sevket Pamuk: Industrialization in Egypt and Turkey, 1870-2010
8 Dwight Perkins and John Tang: East Asian Industrial Pioneers: Japan, Korea and Taiwan
9 Loren Brandt, Debin Ma, and Thomas Rawski: Industrialization in China
10 Bishnupriya Gupta and Tirthankar Roy: From Artisanal Production to Machine Tools: Industrialization in India over the Long Run
11 Jean-Pascal Bassino and Jeffrey Williamson: From Commodity Booms to Economic Miracles: Why Southeast Asian Industry Lagged Behind
Latin America
12 Aurora Gomez Galvarriato and Graciela Marquez Colin: Industrial Growth in Mexico and Peru over the Long Run
13 Gerardo della Paolera, Xavier Duran, and Aldo Musacchio: The Industrialization of South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Colombia, 1890-2010
Sub-Saharan Africa
14 Gareth Austin, Ewout Frankema, and Morten Jerven: Patterns of Manufacturing Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: From Colonization to the Present:


Kevin Hjortshoj O'Rourke is the Chichele Professor of Economic History at the University of Oxford, a Fellow of All Souls College, and the Research Director of the Centre for Economic Policy Research. He received his PhD from Harvard in 1989. He has previously taught at Trinity College Dublin, University College Dublin, Columbia University, and Sciences Po, Paris. He is a Member of the Royal Irish Academy and a Fellow of the British Academy, and has served as President of the European Historical Economics Society, and Vice-President of the Economic History Association. He has worked extensively on the history of the international economy.; Jeffrey Gale Williamson is Laird Bell Professor of Economics, emeritus, Harvard University, Honorary Fellow, Department of Economics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Research Associate NBER and Research Fellow CEPR. President of the Economic History Association (1994-1995), Chairman of the Harvard Economics Department (1997-2000), and Master of Harvard's Mather House (1986-1993), his most recent books are: Unequal Gains: American Growth and Inequality since 1700 (2016, with Peter Lindert) The Cambridge History of Capitalism (2 vols. 2014, edited with Larry Neal) Trade and Poverty: When the Third World Fell Behind (2011) Globalization and the Poor Periphery before 1950 (2006) and Global Migration and the World Economy (2005, with Timothy Hatton).