The Emergence of Routines: Entrepreneurship, Organization, and Business History

ISBN : 9780198787761

Daniel M. G. Raff; Philip Scranton
384 ページ
153 x 234 mm

This book is a collection of essays about the emergence of routines and, more generally, about getting things organized in firms and in industries in early stages and in transition. These are subjects of the greatest interest to students of entrepreneurship and organizations, as well as to business historians, but the academic literature is thin. The chronological settings of the book's eleven substantive chapters are historical, reaching as far back as the late 1800s right up to the 1990s, but the issues they raise are evergreen and the historical perspective is exploited to advantage. The chapters are organized in three broad groups: examining the emergence of order and routines in initiatives, studying the same subject in ongoing operations, and a third focusing specifically on the phenomena of transition. The topics range from the Book-of-the-Month Club to industrial research at Alcoa, from the evolution of procurement and coordination to project-based industries such as bridge- and dam-building and the governance of defence contracting, and from the development of project performance appraisal at the World Bank to the way the global automobile industry collectively redesigned the internal combustion engine to deal with after the advent of environmental regulation. The chapters are vivid and thought-provoking in themselves and, for pedagogical purposes, offer excellent jumping-off points for discussion of relevant experiences and cognate academic literature.


Daniel Raff and Philip Scranton: Introduction: Silences and Beginning to Fill Them

Part One: Initiatives
1 Daniel Raff: The Book-of-the-Month Club as a New Enterprise
2 Margaret Graham: Capitalist Routine, Organizational Routines, and the Routinization of R&D at ALCOA
3 Martin Collins: The Global in the 1980s and 1990s: Liquid Modernity, Routines, and the Case of Motorola's Iridium Satellite Communications Venture
4 Lee Vinsel and Andrew Russell: The Dynamic Interplay between Standards and Routines: Lessons from Industry and Government

Part Two: Operations
5 Damon Yarnell: Ford Motor Company's Lost Chapter: Purchasing Routine and the Advent of Mass Production
6 John K. Brown: Heuristics, Specifications, and Routines in Building Long- Span Railway Bridges on the Western Rivers, 1865-1880
7 Donald C. Jackson: Rules of the Game: Dam Building and Regulation in California, 1910-1930
8 Glen Asner: Instruments of Change: Contract Regulations as a Source of Flexibility in Defense Procurement, 1942-1972

Part Three: Transitions
9 Josh Lauer: The End of Judgment: Consumer Credit Scoring and Managerial Resistance to the Black-Boxing of Creditworthiness
10 Michele Alacevich: Devising Routines for Project Appraisal at the World Bank, 1945-1975
11 Ann Johnson: Routines for Innovation: Problem-Oriented Knowledge Communities and the Production of Clean Combustion
Daniel Raff and Philip Scranton: Conclusion: Learning from History


Daniel M.G. Raff is Associate Professor of Management at the Wharton School of Business, Associate Professor of History, and Lecturer in Law at the University of Pennsylvania and a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research. He is the co-editor of four other scholarly books and the author of many articles and book chapters. ; Philip Scranton is Emeritus Board of Governors Professor, History of Industry and Technology, Rutgers University, author or editor of 15 scholarly books, the author of many articles and book chapters, and editor-in-chief of Enterprise and Society: The International Journal of Business History, 2007-14