Religion in Secular Society

ISBN : 9780198788379

Bryan R. Wilson; Steve Bruce
288 ページ
138 x 202 mm

Fifty years after its publication, Bryan Wilson's Religion in Secular Society (1966) remains a seminal work. It is one of the clearest articulations of the secularization thesis: the claim that modernizations brings with it fundamental changes in the nature and status of religion. For Wilson, secularization refers to the fact that religion has lost influence at the societal, the institutional, and the individual level. Individual secularization is about the loss of authority of the Churches to define what people should believe, practise and accept as moral principles guiding their lives. In other words, individual piety may still persist, however, if it develops independently of religious authorities, then it is an indication of individual secularization. Wilson stresses that the consequences of the process of societalization in modern societies and on this basis he formulated his thesis that secularization is linked to the decline of community and is a concomitant of societalization. Revised and updated, Steve Bruce builds on Wilson's work by noting the changes in religious culture of the UK and US, in an appendix on major changes since the 1960s. Bruce also provides a critical response to the core ideas of Religion in Secular Society.


Part I The Pattern of Secularization
1 Statistical Evidence of Secularization in England
2 Denominationalism and Secularization
3 The Social Context of Secularization
4 Religion and Other Social Institutions
5 Secularization and the Clerical Profession

Part II Secularization in America
6 Religion in America: A Contrasting Pattern
7 Religion and Status: America and England

Part III The Religious Response
8 The Clergy and Ecumenicalism
9 The Ecumenical Implications of Christian Expansion
10 Ecumenicalism and the Denominations

Part IV The Sectarian and Denominational Alternative
11 The Origins and Functions of Sects
12 Emerging Denominations and Persisting Sects



Bryan R. Wilson, (1926 - 2004), was Reader Emeritus in Sociology at the University of Oxford and President of the International Society for the Sociology of Religion (1971). He became a Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford in 1963.; Steve Bruce is Professor and Chair of Sociology at the University of Aberdeen. His previous publications include Secularization: In Defence of an Unfashionable Theory (2013), Paisley: Religion and Politics in Northern Ireland (2007), Sociology: A Very Short Introduction (2000), and Choice and Religion: A Critique of Rational Choice Theory (OUP, 1999).