Necessary Noise: Art, Music, and Charitable Imperialism in the East of Congo

ISBN : 9780190499570

Chirie Rivers Ndaliko
312 ページ
156 x 235 mm

Since 1997, the war in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo has taken more than 6 million lives and shapes the daily existence of the nation's residents. While the DRC is often portrayed in international media as an unproductive failed state, the Congolese have turned increasingly to art-making to express their experience to external eyes. Author Cherie Rivers Ndaliko argues that cultural activism and the enthusiasm to produce art exists in Congo as a remedy for the social ills of war and as a way to communicate a positive vision of the country. Ndaliko introduces a memorable cast of artists, activists, and ordinary people from the North-Kivu province, whose artistic and cultural interventions are routinely excluded from global debates that prioritize economics, politics, and development as the basis of policy decision about Congo. Rivers also shows how art has been mobilized by external humanitarian and charitable organizations, becoming the vehicle through which to inflict new kinds of imperial domination. Written by a scholar and activist in the center of the current public policy debate, Necessary Noise examines the uneasy balance of accomplishing change through art against the unsteady background of civil war. At the heart of this book is the Yole!Africa cultural center, which is the oldest independent cultural center in the east of Congo. Established in the aftermath of volcano Nyiragongo's 2002 eruption and sustained through a series of armed conflicts, the cultural activities organized by Yole!Africa have shaped a generation of Congolese youth into socially and politically engaged citizens. By juxtaposing intimate ethnographic, aesthetic, and theoretical analyses of this thriving local initiative with case studies that expose the often destructive underbelly of charitable action, Necessary Noise introduces into heated international debates on aid and sustainable development a compelling case for the necessity of arts and culture in negotiating sustained peace. Through vivid descriptions of a community of young people transforming their lives through art, Ndaliko humanizes a dire humanitarian disaster. In so doing, she invites readers to reflect on the urgent choices we must navigate as globally responsible citizens. The only study of music or film culture in the east of Congo, Necessary Noise raises an impassioned and vibrantly interdisciplinary voice that speaks to the theory and practice of socially engaged scholarship.


Table of Contents
List of Abbreviations
Map of Congo
Historical Timeline
Art on the FrontLine
On sound and the founding of Yole!Africa
On Image and the emergence of radical aesthetics
Re-Membering Congo
Act I: Leopold II
Act II: Belgium
Act III: Lumumba
Act IV: Mobutu
Act V: The Next Generation
Peace Mongers
Art v. Aid
Art v. Journalism
Art v. Activism
Jazz Mamas
On Truth and Myth
Twaomba Amani
Jazz Mama


Cherie Rivers Ndaliko is a socially engaged scholar-activist who researches radical arts interventions in conflict regions of Africa. She is a professor in the Music Department at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and co-director of the Yole!Africa cultural center in Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo. She holds a BM in filmscoring from the Berklee College of Music, an MA in Ethnomusicology from Harvard University, and a Ph.D. in African Studies from Harvard University.