OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Moral Brains: The Neuroscience of Morality

ISBN : 9780199357673

参考価格(税込): 
¥5,390
著者: 
Matthew S. Liao
ページ
384 ページ
フォーマット
Paperback
サイズ
156 x 235 mm
刊行日
2016年09月
メール送信
印刷

In the last fifteen years, there has been significant interest in studying the brain structures involved in moral judgments using novel techniques from neuroscience such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Many people, including a number of philosophers, believe that results from neuroscience have the potential to settle seemingly intractable debates concerning the nature, practice, and reliability of moral judgments. This has led to a flurry of scientific and philosophical activities, resulting in the rapid growth of the new field of moral neuroscience. There is now a vast array of ongoing scientific research devoted towards understanding the neural correlates of moral judgments, accompanied by a large philosophical literature aimed at interpreting and examining the methodology and the results of this research. This is the first volume to take stock of fifteen years of research of this fast-growing field of moral neuroscience and to recommend future directions for research. It features the most up-to-date research in this area, and it presents a wide variety of perspectives on this topic.

目次: 

Contributors
Morality and Neuroscience: Past and Future
S. Matthew Liao

PART I: EMOTIONS VS. REASON
1. Sentimentalism and the Moral Brain
Jesse Prinz
2. The Rationalist Delusion? A Post Hoc Investigation
Jeanette Kennett and Philip Gerrans
3. Emotion versus Cognition in Moral Decision-Making: A Dubious Dichotomy
James Woodward

PART II: DEONTOLOGY VS. CONSEQUENTIALISM
4. Beyond Point-and-Shoot Morality: Why Cognitive (Neuro)Science Matters for Ethics
Joshua Greene
5. The Limits of the Dual-Process View
Julia Driver
6. Getting Moral Wrongness into the Picture
Stephen Darwall
7. Reply to Driver and Darwall
Joshua Greene

PART III: NEW METHODS IN MORAL NEUROSCIENCE
8. Emotional Learning, Psychopathy, and Norm Development
James Blair, Soonjo Hwang, Stuart F. White, and Harma Meffert
9. The Neuropsychiatry of Moral Cognition and Social Conduct
Ricardo de Oliveira-Souza, Roland Zahn, and Jorge Moll
10. Morphing Morals: Neurochemical Modulations of Moral Judgment and Behavior
Molly Crockett
11. Of Mice and Men: The Influence of Rodent Models of Empathy on Human Models of Harm Prevention
Jana Schaich Borg

PART IV: PHILOSOPHICAL LESSONS
12. Is, Ought and the Brain
Guy Kahane
13. Are Intuitions Heuristics?
S. Matthew Liao
14. The Disunity of Morality
Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

Index

著者について: 

S. Matthew Liao is Director and Associate Professor of the Center for Bioethics, and Affiliated Professor in the Department of Philosophy at New York University. He is the author of The Right to Be Loved (Oxford University Press); co-editor of Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights (Oxford University Press); and over 50 articles in philosophy and bioethics. He has given a TED talk in New York, will give a TEDx talk at CERN in October, and has been featured in the New York Times, The Atlantic, The Guardian, the BBC, Harper's Magazine, Sydney Morning Herald, Scientific American and other media outlets. He is the Editor-in-Chief for the Journal of Moral Philosophy, a peer-reviewed international journal of moral, political and legal philosophy.

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