OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Explanation in Ethics and Mathematics: Debunking and Dispensability

ISBN : 9780198778592

参考価格(税込): 
¥9,130
著者: 
Uri D. Leibowitz; Neil Sinclair
ページ
272 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
153 x 234 mm
刊行日
2016年06月
メール送信
印刷

How far should our realism extend? For many years philosophers of mathematics and philosophers of ethics have worked independently to address the question of how best to understand the entities apparently referred to by mathematical and ethical talk. But the similarities between their endeavours are not often emphasised. This book provides that emphasis. In particular, it focuses on two types of argumentative strategies that have been deployed in both areas. The first-debunking arguments-aims to put pressure on realism by emphasising the seeming redundancy of mathematical or moral entities when it comes to explaining our judgements. In the moral realm this challenge has been made by Gilbert Harman and Sharon Street; in the mathematical realm it is known as the 'Benacerraf-Field' problem. The second strategy-indispensability arguments-aims to provide support for realism by emphasising the seeming intellectual indispensability of mathematical or moral entities, for example when constructing good explanatory theories. This strategy is associated with Quine and Putnam in mathematics and with Nicholas Sturgeon and David Enoch in ethics. Explanation in Ethics and Mathematics addresses these issues through an explicitly comparative methodology which we call the 'companions in illumination' approach. By considering how argumentative strategies in the philosophy of mathematics might apply to the philosophy of ethics, and vice versa, the papers collected here break new ground in both areas. For good measure, two further companions for illumination are also broached: the philosophy of chance and the philosophy of religion. Collectively, these comparisons light up new questions, arguments, and problems of interest to scholars interested in realism in any area.

目次: 

1 Neil Sinclair & Uri Leibowitz: Introduction: Explanation in Ethics and Mathematics
Part I: Evolutionary Debunking Arguments
2 Justin Clarke-Doane: Debunking and Dispensability
3 Folke Tersman: Explaining the Reliability of Moral Beliefs
4 Toby Handfield: Genealogical Explanations of Chance and Morals
5 Erik J. Wielenberg: Evolutionary Debunking Arguments in Religion and Morality
6 Hallvard Lillehammer: 'An Assumption of Extreme Significance': Moore, Ross and Spencer on Ethics and Evolution
7 Richard Joyce: Reply: Confessions of a Modest Debunker
Part II: Indispensability Arguments
8 Alexander Miller: Moral Explanation for Moral Anti-Realism
9 David Liggins: Grounding, Explanation, and Multiple Realization in Mathematics and Ethics
10 Debbie Roberts: Explanatory Indispensability Arguments in Metaethics and Philosophy of Mathematics
11 Mary Leng: Taking Morality Mathematically: Enoch's Indispensability Argument
12 Alan Baker: Non-Optional Projects: Mathematical and Ethical
13 David Enoch: Indispensability Arguments in Metaethics: Even Better than in Mathematics?

著者について: 

Uri D. Leibowitz studied Physics and Philosophy at Tel-Aviv University in Israel. He earned his PhD from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Before joining Nottingham's Department of Philosophy he had taught at the University of Colorado at Boulder and Cornell College. He has published papers in Nous, Philosophical Studies, The Journal of Moral Philosophy,and Ethical Theory and Moral Practice. His work covers issues in metaethics and normative ethics, the philosophy of science, and ancient philosophy. He has been awarded an AHRC-funded research project on explanation in ethics.; Neil Sinclair studied philosophy at both Cambridge and Oxford before joining the Philosophy Department at the University of Nottingham. His principal research area is metaethics. He has published papers in Philosophical Studies, The Philosophical Quarterly, Analysis, and Biology and Philosophy. His work covers issues such as the nature of truth, belief and moral mental content, the evolutionary origins of moral judgement, the logic of moral arguments, moral mind-independence, and the nature of moral explanations. He has been awarded two AHRC-funded research projects: one on moral mental content, and one on explanation in ethics. In 2014 he received a University of Nottingham Lord Dearing Award for outstanding contribution to the development of teaching and learning.

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