The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines: Volume III: Europe 1880 - 1940

ISBN : 9780198778431

Peter Brooker; Sascha Bru; Andrew Thacker; Christian Weikop
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Multiple Copy Pack
171 x 246 mm

The third of three volumes devoted to the cultural history of the modernist magazine in Britain, North America, and Europe, this collection contains fifty-six original essays on the role of 'little magazines' and independent periodicals in Europe in the period 1880-1940. It demonstrates how these publications were instrumental in founding and advancing developments in European modernism and the avant-garde. Expert discussion of approaching 300 magazines, accompanied by an illuminating variety of cover images, from France, Italy, Germany, Spain and Portugal, Scandinavia, Central and Eastern Europe will significantly extend and strengthen the understanding of modernism and modernity. The chapters are organised into six main sections with contextual introductions specific to national, regional histories, and magazine cultures. Introductions and chapters combine to elucidate the part played by magazines in the broader formations associated with Symbolism, Expressionism, Futurism, Dada, Surrealism, and Constructivism in a period of fundamental social and geo-political change. Individual essays, situated in relation to metropolitan centres bring focussed attention to a range of celebrated and less well-known magazines, including Le Chat Noir, La Revue blanche, Le Festin d'Esope, La Nouvelle Revue Francaise, La Revolution Surrealiste, Documents, De Stijl, Ultra, Lacerba, Energie Nouve, Klingen, Exlex, flamman, Der Blaue Reiter, Der Sturm, Der Dada, Ver Sacrum, Cabaret Voltaire, 391, ReD, Zenit, Ma, Contemporanul, Formisci, Zdroj, Lef, and Novy Lef. The magazines disclose a world where the material constraints of costs, internal rivalries, and anxieties over censorship ran alongside the excitement of new work, collaboration on a new manifesto and the birth of a new movement. This collection therefore confirms the value of magazine culture to the expanding field of modernist studies, providing a rich and hitherto under-examined resource which helps bring to life the dynamics out of which the modernist avant-garde evolved.


Peter Brooker: General Introduction: Modernity, Modernism, Magazines
Peter Brooker: Introduction
1 Diana Schiau Botea: Performing Writing: Le Chat Noir (1881-95), Le Courrier francais (1884-1913), Gil Blas illustre (1891-1903), Les Quat'z'arts (1897-8)
2 Alexia Kalantzis: The 'Little Magazine' as Publishing Success : Le Scapin (1885-6), La Pleiade (1886-90), Le Mercure de France (1890-1965)
3 Elisa Grilli and Evanghelia Stead: Between Symbolism and Avant-Garde Poetics: La Plume (1889-1905), L'Ermitage (1890-1906), and La Revue blanche (1890-1905)
4 Anne-Rachel Hermetet: Modern Classicism: La Nouvelle Revue francaise (1909-43) and Commerce (1924-32)
5 Willard Bohn: Apollinaire and 'the New Spirit': Le Festin d'Esope (1903), Les Soirees de Paris (1912 -1914), L'elan (1915-1916)
6 Simon Dell: After Apollinaire: SIC (1916-19), Nord-Sud (1917-18) and L'Esprit Nouveau (1920-5)
7 David Hopkins: Proto-Dada: The New York Connection: The Ridgefield Gazook (1915)
The Blind Man (1917)
Rongwrong (1917)
391 (1917)
TNT (1919)
and New York Dada (1921)
8 Ruth Hemus: Dada's Paris Season: 391 (1919-24)
Cannibale (1920)
Projecteur (1920)
Dada (1920-1)
Le Coeur a Barbe (1922)
9 John Attridge: Eclecticism and its Discontents: Les Ecrits nouveaux (1917-22) and La Revue europeenne (1923-31)
10 Raymond Spiteri: 'What can the Surrealists Do?': Litterature (1919-24)
La Revolution surrealiste (1925-9)
and Le Surrealisme au service de la revolution (1930-3)
11 Eric Robertson: 'A Shameless, Indecent Saintliness': Documents (1929-31), and Acephale (1936-9)
12 Jed Rasula: Dangerous Games and New Mythologies: Cercle et Carre (1930), Art Concret (1930), Abstraction-Creation (1932-5)
and Minotaure (1933-9)
The Low Countries
Sascha Bru: Introduction
13 Sascha Bru: 'The Will to Style': The Dutch Contribution to the Avant-Garde: Leiden: De Stijl (1917-32), Mecano (1922-3), Amsterdam: Wendingen (1918-32), i10 (1927-9), and Groningen: The Next Call (1923-6)
14 Daphne de Marneffe: Antwerp Circles Languages, Locality, and Internationalism: Ontwaking (1896, 1901-1910), De Boomgaard (1909-11), Resurrection (1917-18), Het Roode Zeil (1920), Selection (1920-33), Ruimte (1920-1), Het Overzicht (1921-5), De Driehoek (1925-6), Lumiere (1919-23), and Ca Ira (1920-3)
15 Francis Mus and Hans Vandevoorde: 'Streetscape of New Districts Permeated by the Fresh Scent of Cement': Brussels, the Avant-Garde, and Internationalism: La Jeune Belgique (1881-7), Van Nu en Straks (1893-1901), L'Art libre (1919-22), Le Disque Vert (1922-5), Varietes (1928-30), 7 Arts (1922-8)
Spain and Portugal
Peter Brooker: Introduction
16 Lori Cole: Madrid: Questioning the Avant-Garde: Helios (1903-4), El Nuevo Mercurio (1907), Prometeo (1908-12), Los Quijotes (1915-18), Cosmopolis (1919-1922), Grecia (1918-20), Ultra (1921-2), Ambos (1923), Litoral (1926-7,1929), Mediodia (1926-9), Carmen y Lola (1927-9), La Gaceta Literaria (1927-32), and Gallo (1928)
17 Geoff West: 'Noucentisme' and the Avant-Garde in Barcelona (1916-36) : La Revista. Quaderns de publicacio quinzenal (1915-36) Vell i nou. Revista d'art (1915-19, 1920-1), Revista nova (1914, 1916-17), 391 (1917), Trocos (1916, 1917-18)
L'Instant. Revue franco-catalane d'art et litterature (1918-19), Un enemic del poble (1917-19), Arc-voltaic (1918), Proa (1921), L'Amic de les arts (1926-8), Helix (1929-30), A.C. Documentos de actividad contemporanea (1931-7), D'aci i d'alla (1918-36)
18 Clara Rocha: Modernist magazines in Portugal: Orpheu and its legacy: Orpheu (1915), Exilio (1916), Centauro (1916), Portugal Futurista (1917), Contemporanea (1915, 1922-6), Athena (1924-5), Sudoeste (1935), Presenca (1927-38
Sascha Bru: Introduction
19 Francesca Billiani: Political and Aesthetic Transgressions. Florentine reviews a la mode: Il Marzocco (1896-1932), Il Regno (1903-5), Il Leonardo (1903-7), Hermes (1904), and La Voce (1908-14)
20 Luca Somigli: Past-Loving Florence and the Temptations of Futurism: Lacerba (1913-15), Quartiere Latino (1913-14), L'Italia futurista (1916-18), La Vraie Italie (1919-20)
21 Mariana Aguirre: The Return to Order in Florence: Il Selvaggio (1924-43), Il Frontespizio (1929-40), Pegaso (1929-33), Campo di Marte (1938-9)
22 Eric Bulson: Milan, the 'Rivista', and the Deprovincialization of Italy: Le Papyrus (1894-6), Poesia (1905-09), Il Convegno (1920-40), Pan (1933-5), Corrente di vita giovanile (1938-40)
23 Vivien Greene: Bizantium and emporium: fine-secolo magazines in Rome and Milan: Fanfulla della Domenica (1879-1919), Cronaca Bizantina (1881-6), Il Convito (1895-1907), Cronaca d'Arte (1890-2), Vita Moderna (1892-5), Emporium (1895-1964)
24 Chris Michaelides: Futurist Periodicals in Rome (1916-39): From effervescence to disillusionment: Avanscoperta (1916-17), Cronache d'attualita (1916-22), Noi (1917-25), Roma futurista (1918-20), Dinamo: Rivista futurista (1919), Le Futurisme (1922-31), La Ruota dentata (1927), 2000 Giornale della rivoluzione artistica (1929), Futurismo (May 1932- Nov. 1933), Sant'Elia (Oct. 1933-Sept. 1934), Artecrazia (Oct. 1934- Jan. 1939)
25 Arianna Bove: 'The old was dying but the new could not be born': Revolutionary magazines in Turin: Energie Nuove (1918-20), L'Ordine Nuovo (1919-20), Rivoluzione Liberale (1922-4), Il Baretti (1924-6)
Peter Brooker: Introduction
26 Bjarne Sondergaard Bendtsen: Copenhagen: From the Ivory Tower to Street Activism: Ny Jord (1888-9), Taarnet (1893-4), Ungt Blod (1895-6), Vagten (1899-1900)
Klingen (1917-20)
Kvaernen (1920), Buen (1924-25), Sirius (1924-25), Kritisk Revy (1926-8)
Baalet (1921-2), Bjerget (1923), Pressen (1923-4), I Morgen (1925,1927)
Clarte (1926-7), Monde (1928-31)
linien (1934-9), konkretion (1935-6)
27 Eirik Vassenden: Norway: The Province and its Metropolites: Impressionisten (1886-90), Exlex (1919-20), PLAN (1933-6)
28 Mats Jansson: Crossing Borders: Modernism in Sweden and the Swedish-speaking part of Finland: Thalia (1909-13), Ny konst (1915), flamman (1917-21), Ultra (1922), Quosego (1928-9), kontakt (1931), Spektrum (1931-3) and Karavan (1934-5).
Germany, Austria, Switzerland
Christian Weikop: Introduction
29 Timothy W. Hiles: Reality and Utopia in Munich's Premier Magazines: Simplicissimus (1896-1944) and Jugend (1896-1940)
30 Jessica Horsley: 'There You Have Munich': Der Blaue Reiter (1912), Revolution (1913), Der Weg (1919)
31 Andreas Kramer: Between art and activism: Pan (1895-1900
1910-15), Die weissen Blatter (1913-21), Das neue Pathos (1913-19)
Marsyas (1917-19)
32 Douglas Brent McBride: A critical mass for modernism in Berlin: Der Sturm (1910-1932), Die Aktion (1911-1932), Sturm-Buhne (1918-1919)
33 Christian Weikop: Transitions: from Expressionism to Dada: Neue Jugend (1914
1916-17), Die freie Strasse (1915-18), Club Dada (1918)
34 Christian Weikop: Berlin Dada and the Carnivalesque: Jedermann sie eigner Fussball (1919) and Der Dada (1919-20)
35 Sabine T. Kriebel: Radical left magazines in Berlin: Die Pleite (1919, 1923-4)
Der blutige Ernst (1919)
Der Gegner (1919-22)
Der Knuppel (1923-7)
Eulenspiegel (1928-31)
AIZ/VI (1924-38)
36 Stephen Bury: 'Not to adorn life but to organize it': Veshch. Gegenstand. Objet: Revue internationale de l'art moderne (1922), G (1923-6)
37 Erika Esau: 'The Magazine of Enduring Value': Der Querschnitt (1921-36) and the World of Illustrated Magazines
38 Kathleen Chapman: Dresden: 'Collectivity is Dead, Long Live Mankind': Der Komet (1918-19), Menschen (1918-21), Neue Blatter fur Kunst und Dichtung (1918-21)
39 Timothy O. Benson: Kiel and Hamburg: Radical 'Bildungsburgertum': Die Schone Raritat (1917-1919), Die Rote Erde (1919-1923), Der Sturmreiter (1919-1920),
40 Lynette Roth: Cologne: The Magazine as Artistic and Political Imperative: Der Ventilator (1919)
Bulletin D (1919)
Die Schammade (1920)
Stupid (1920)
a bis z (1929-33)
41 Dorothea Dietrich: Hanover: 'True Art' and 'True Dada': Das Hohe Ufer (1919-20), Der Zweemann (1919-20), Der Marstall (1920), and Merz (1923-32)
42 Patrick Rossler: Frankfurt, Leipzig, and Dessau: 'neue typographie' - the new face of a new world: das neue frankfurt and die neue linie
43 Diane Silverthorne: Vienna's 'Holy Spring' and Beyond: Ver Sacrum (1898-1903), Almanach der Wiener Werkstatte (1911), Hohe Warte (1904-9), Deutsche Kunst und Dekoration (1897-1932)
44 Edward Timms: From the Hapsburg Empire to the Holocaust: Die Fackel (1899-1936) and Der Brenner (1910-54)
45 Debbie Lewer: The Avant-Garde in Swiss Exile 1914-20: Der Mistral (1915), Sirius (1915-16), Cabaret Voltaire (1916), Dada (1917-19), 391 (No. 8, 1918), Der Zeltweg (1919), Almanach der Freien Zeitung (1918).
East-Central Europe
Peter Brooker: Introduction
46 Nicholas Sawicki: The View from Prague: Moderni revue (1894-1925), Volne smery (1896-1949), Umelecky mesicnik (1911-4), Revolucni sbornik Devetsil (1922), Zivot (1923), Disk (1923-5), Pasmo (1924-6), ReD (1927-31)
47 Laurel Seely and Tyrus Miller: Avant-garde Periodicals in the Yugoslavian Crucible: Zenit (Zagreb 1921-3
Belgrade 1924-6)
Zagreb: Dada-Jok (1922), Dada-Tank (1922), Dada Jazz (1922)
Novi Sad: Ut (1922-5)
Ljubljana: Svetokret (1921), Rdeci pilot (1922), Tank (1927)
48 Eva Forgacs and Tyrus Miller: The Avant-Garde in Budapest and in Exile in Vienna: A Tett (1915-6), Ma (Budapest 1916-9
Vienna 1920-6), Egyseg (1922-4), Akasztott Ember (1922), 2x2 (1922), Ek (1923-4), Is (1924), 365 (1925), Dokumentum (1926-7), RIMunka (1928-39)
49 Irina Livezeanu: Romania: 'Windows toward the West': New Forms and the 'Poetry of True Life': Revista celor l'alti (1908), Insula (1912), Chemarea (1912), Contimporanul (1922-32), 75 HP (1924), Punct (1924-5 ), Integral (1925-8), Urmuz ( 1925 ), Unu (1928-33)
50 Przemyslaw Strozek: Cracow and Warsaw. Becoming the Avant-Garde: Rydwan (first series 1912-14), Maski (1918-19), Wianki (1919-22), Formisci (1919-21), Nowa Sztuka (1921-2), Zwrotnica (1922-3), Blok (1924-6)
51 Lidia Gluchowska: Poznan and Lodz: Nationalist Modernism and the International Avant-Garde: Zdroj (1917-22)
Ing-Idysz (Jung Idysz) (1919), Tel-Awiw (1919-21)
Russia, the Soviet Union, and Ukraine
Peter Brooker: Introduction
52 Christina Lodder with Peter Hellyer: St. Petersburg / Petrograd/ Leningrad: From Aesthetes to Revolutionaries: Mir Iskusstva (1898-1904), Apollon (1909-17), Studiya Impressionistov (1910), Soyuz Molodezhii (1912-13), Iskusstvo Kommuny (1918-19)
53 Oleg Minin: Modernism Upheld: Moscow journals of art and literature: Vesy (1904-9), Iskusstvo (1905), Zolotoe Runo (1906-9), and Makovets (1922)
54 Christina Lodder: From futurist iconoclasm to socialist construction: Futuristy. Pervyi zhurnal russkikh futuristov (1914), Lef: Levyi front iskusstv (1923-5), Novyi Lef (1927-8), Internationatsional'naya literature (1933-45)
55 Emily Finer: 'A rift on the left front': Lef (1923-5) and Na postu (1923-5)
56 Oleh S. Ilnytzkyj: From under imperial eyes in Kyiv and Kharkiv magazines: Ukrains'ka khata (1909-14), Muzahet (1919), Mystetstvo (1919), Katafalk iskusstva (1922), Semafor u maibutnie (1922), Honh komunkul'ta (1924), Nova generatsiia (1927-30), Avangard: Al'manakh proletars'kykh myttsiv Novoi generatsii (1930).


Peter Brooker is Emeritus Professor in the Department of Culture, Film and Media, the University of Nottingham. He has written widely on contemporary writing, theory, and film is the author of Bertolt Brecht: Dialectics, Poetry, Politics (1989), New York Fictions (1996), Modernity and Metropolis (2004), Bohemia in London (2004, 2007) and A Glossary of Cultural Theory (1999, 2002). He has co-edited The Geographies of Modernism (2005), and was Co-Director of the AHRC funded Modernist Magazine Project (2005-2010). Most recently he is co-editor of Vols. 1 and 2 of The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines (2009) and of The Oxford Handbook of Modernisms (2010). He was a Professorial Fellow at the Centre for Modernist Studies at the University of Sussex (2008-10) and a Visiting Professor at the University of Birmingham (2009). He served between 2005 -2011 as Chair of the Raymond Williams Society.; Sascha Bru is Professor of Literary Theory at the University of Leuven. He has written extensively on the poetics and politics of the modernist avant-gardes, including Democracy, Law and the Modernist Avant-Gardes: Writing in the State of Exception (2009) and the co-edited volumes, The Invention of Politics in the European Avant-Garde - 1906-1940 (2006), Europa! Europa? The Avant-Garde, Modernism and the Fate of a Continent (2009) and Regarding the Popular: High and Low Culture in Modernism and the Avant-Garde (2011). He is a founder of EAM (The European Network for Avant-Garde and Modernist Studies).; Andrew Thacker is currently Professor of English Literature at Nottingham Trent University. He was previously Professor of Twentieth Century Literature and Director of the Centre for Textual Studies at De Montfort University, Leicester. He co-founded the Northern Modernism seminar and is an editor of the journal Literature & History. He has published widely upon modernism, including Moving Through Modernity: Space and Geography in Modernism (2003), The Imagist Poets (2011), and the co-edited The Oxford Handbook of Modernisms (2010). He is currently Chair of the British Association for Modernist Studies.; Christian Weikop lectures in nineteenth and twentieth-century art and theory at the University of Edinburgh, He has taught at the Universities of Birmingham, Loughbourough, and Sussex as well as at the European College of Liberal Arts in Berlin and the Courtauld Institute of Art, London He has published extensively on German and Austrian visual culture, specialising on the Expressionist group, the Brucke. He has held a Luftbrucken-Fellowship at the Humboldt University, and been a recipient of awards from AHRC, the Leverhulme Trust, the Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst (DAAD), the Rifkind Foundation (LACMA), and the Wingate Foundation.