Heart Religion: Evangelical Piety in England & Ireland, 1690-1850

ISBN : 9780198724155

John Coffey
256 ページ
156 x 234 mm

The Evangelical Revival of the mid-eighteenth century was a major turning point in Protestant history. In England, Wesleyan Methodists became a separate denomination around 1795, and Welsh Calvinistic Methodists became independent of the Church of England in 1811. By this point, evangelicalism had emerged as a major religious force across the British Isles, making inroads among Anglicans as well as Irish and Scottish Presbyterians. Evangelical Dissent proliferated through thousands of Methodist, Baptist, and Congregational churches; even Quakers were strongly influenced by evangelical religion. The evangelicals were often at odds with each other over matters of doctrine (like the 'five points' of Calvinism); ecclesiology (including the status of the established church); politics (as they reacted in various ways to the American and French Revolutions); and worship (with the boisterous, extemporary style of Primitive Methodists contrasting sharply with the sober piety of many Anglican advocates of 'vital religion'). What they shared was a cross-centred, Bible-based piety that stressed conversion and stimulated evangelism. But how was this generic evangelical ethos adopted and reconfigured by different denominations and in very different social contexts? Can we categorise different styles of 'heart religion'? To what extent was evangelical piety dependent on the phenomenon of 'revival'? And what practical difference did it make to the experience of dying, to the parish community, or to denominational politics? This collection addresses these questions in innovative ways. It examines neglected manuscript and print sources, including handbooks of piety, translations and abridgements, conversion narratives, journals, letters, hymns, sermons, and obituaries. It offers a variety of approaches, reflecting a range of disciplinary expertise-historical, literary, and theological. Together, the contributions point towards a new account of the roots and branches of evangelical piety, and offer fresh ways of analysing the history of Protestant spirituality.


John Coffey: Introduction
1 John Coffey: Between Puritanism and Evangelicalism: Heart-work in Dissenting Communion Hymns, 1693-1709
2 Patricia A. Ward: Continental Spirituality & Eighteenth-Century British Protestant Readers
3 Daniel L. Brunner: The Evangelical Heart of Pietist Anthony William Boehm
4 David Ceri Jones: George Whitefield and Heart Religion
5 Tom Schwanda: Gazing at the Wounds: The Blood of the Lamb in the Hymns of John Cennick
6 Isabel Rivers: Inward Religion and its Dangers in the Evangelical Revival
7 Phyllis Mack: Dreaming and Emotion in Early Evangelical Religion
8 Andrew R. Holmes: Personal Conversion, Revival, and the Holy Spirit: Presbyterian Evangelicalism in Early Nineteenth-Century Ulster
9 D.W. Bebbington: The Deathbed Piety of Victorian Evangelical Nonconformists


John Coffey is Professor of Early Modern History at the University of Leicester.