The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Theology

ISBN : 9780199696703

Sabine Schmidtke
832 ページ
171 x 246 mm
Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology

Within the field of Islamic Studies, scientific research of Muslim theology is a comparatively young discipline. Much progress has been achieved over the past decades with respect both to discoveries of new materials and to scholarly approaches to the field. The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Theology provides a comprehensive and authoritative survey of the current state of the field. It provides a variegated picture of the state of the art and at the same time suggests new directions for future research. Part One covers the various strands of Islamic theology during the formative and early middle periods, rational as well as scripturalist. To demonstrate the continuous interaction among the various theological strands and its repercussions (during the formative and early middle period and beyond), Part Two offers a number of case studies. These focus on specific theological issues that have developed through the dilemmatic and often polemical interactions between the different theological schools and thinkers. Part Three covers Islamic theology during the later middle and early modern periods. One of the characteristics of this period is the growing amalgamation of theology with philosophy (Peripatetic and Illuminationist) and mysticism. Part Four addresses the impact of political and social developments on theology through a number of case studies: the famous mihna instituted by al-Ma'mun (r. 189/813-218/833) as well as the mihna to which Ibn 'Aqil (d. 769/1367) was subjected; the religious policy of the Almohads; as well as the shifting interpretations throughout history (particularly during Mamluk and Ottoman times) of the relation between Ash'arism and Maturidism that were often motivated by political motives. Part Five considers Islamic theological thought from the end of the early modern and during the modern period.


Sabine Schmidkte: Introduction
Part I: Islamic Theolog(ies) during the formative and the Early Middle Period
1: Alexander Treiger: Origins of Kalām
2: Steven Judd: The Early Qadariyya
3: Cornelia Schöck: Jahm b. Ṣafwān (d. 128/745-46) and the "Jahmiyya" and Ḍirār b. Amr (d. 200/815)
4: Mohammed-Ali Amir-Moezzi: Early Shīʿī Theology
5: Sidney Griffith: Excursus I: Christian Theological Thought during the First ʿAbbāsid Century
6: Patricia Crone: Excursus II: Ungodly Cosmologies
7: Racha el-Omari: The Muʿtazilite movement (I): Origins
8: David Bennett: The Muʿtazilite movement (II): The Early Phase
9: Sabine Schmidtke: The Muʿtazilite movement (III): The Scholastic Phase
10: Hassan Ansari and Sabine Schmidtke: The Shīʿī Reception of Muʿtazilism (I): Zaydīs
11: Hassan Ansari and Sabine Schmidtke: The Shīʿī Reception of Muʿtazilism (II): Twelver Shīʿites
12: Harith Bin Ramli: The Predecessors of Ash;ʿarism: Ibn Kullāb, al-Muḥāsibī, and al-Qalānisī
13: Jan Thiele: Ashʿarism in the East and the West
14: Wilferd Madelung: Ibāḍiyya
15: Aron Zysow: Karrāmiyya
16: Binyamin Abrahamov: Scripturalist and Traditionalist Theology
17: Ulrich Rudolph: Ḥanafī Theological Tradition and Māturidism
18: Peter Adamson: Philosophical Theology
19: Daniel de Smet: Ismāʿīlī Theology
20: Martin Nguyen: Sufi Theological Thought
Part II: Intellectual Interactions of Islamic theology(ies)-Four Case Studies
21: Ulrich Rudolph: Occasionalism
22: Jan Thiele: Abū Hāshim al-Jubbāʾī's (d. 321/933) Theory of the States (aḥwāl) and its Adaptation among Ashʿarite Theologians
23: Ayman Shihadeh: Theories of Ethical Value in Kalām: A New Interpretation
24: Khaled el-Rouayheb: Theology and Logic
Part III: Islamic Theology(ies) During the Later Middle and Early Modern Period
25: Frank Griffel: Theology versus Philosophy: al-Ghazālī's Tahāfut al-falāsifa and Ibn al-Malāḥimī's Tuḥfat al-mutakallimīn fi l-radd ʿalā l-falāsifa
26: Reza Pourjavady and Sabine Schmidtke: Twelver Shīʿite Theology
27: Hassan Ansari, Sabine Schmidtke, and Jan Thiele: Zaydī Theology in Yemen
28: Heidrun Eichner: Handbooks in the Tradition of Later Eastern Ashʿarism
29: Delfina Serrano: Later Ashʿarism in the Islamic West
30: Aaron Spevack: Egypt and the later Ashʿarite School
31: Gregor Schwarb: Excursus III: The Coptic and Syriac Receptions of neo-Ashʿarite Theology
32: M. Sait Ozervarli: Theology in the Ottoman Lands
33: Nathan Spannaus: Theology in Central Asia
34: Asad Q. Ahmed and Reza Pourjavady: Theology in the Indian Subcontinent
35: Jon Hoover: Ḥanbalī Theology
Part IV: Political and Social History and its Impact on Theology: Four Case Studies
36: Nimrod Hurvitz: al-Maʿmūn (r. 189/813-218/833) and the Miḥna
37: Livnat Holtzman: The Miḥna of Ibn ʿAqīl (d. 513/1119) and the Fitnat Ibn al-Qushayrī
38: Maribel Fierro: The Religious Policy of the Almohads
39: Lutz Berger: Interpretations of Ashʿarism and Māturīdism among Mamluks and Ottomans
Part V: Islamic Theological Thought from the end of the Early Modern Period through the Modern Period
40: Rotraud Wielandt: Main Trends of Islamic Theological Thought from the late 19th Century to Present Times
41: Johanna Pink: Striving for a New Exegesis of the Qurʿān


Sabine Schmidtke (D.Phil. University of Oxford) is Professor of Islamic Intellectual History at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton. She has published extensively on Islamic and Jewish intellectual history.