OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Are Some Languages Better Than Others?

ISBN : 9780198766810

参考価格(税込): 
¥5,654
著者: 
R. M. W. Dixon
ページ
288 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
135 x 216 mm
刊行日
2016年03月
メール送信
印刷
  • Written in an accessible and engaging style to appeal to a general audience
  • Contains extensive anecdotes and details of unusual linguistic phenomena from a range of languages
  • Offers an entertaining and controversial perspective on whether one language can be considered better than another

 
This book sets out to answer a question that many linguists have been hesitant to ask: are some languages better than others? Can we say, for instance, that because German has three genders and French only two, German is a better language in this respect? Jarawara, spoken in the Amazonian jungle, has two ways of showing possession: one for a part (e.g. 'Father's foot') and the other for something which is owned and can be given away or sold (e.g. 'Father's knife'); is it thus a better language than English, which marks all possession in the same way?

R. M. W. Dixon begins by outlining what he feels are the essential components of any language, such as the ability to pose questions, command actions, and provide statements. He then discusses desirable features including gender agreement, tenses, and articles, before concluding with his view of what the ideal language would look like - and an explanation of why it does not and probably never will exist. Written in the author's usual accessible and engaging style, and full of personal anecdotes and unusual linguistic phenomena, the book will be of interest to all general language enthusiasts as well as to a linguistics student audience, and particularly to anyone with an interest in linguistic typology.
 
 
REVIEWS:

"Too many linguists are afraid to pose the question that makes up the title of this book. Like people, languages are different, and each has its own strengths and weaknesses; some are harder to figure out, and some are relatively easy. Dixon illustrates these facts in a very clear and engaging manner, using examples from a wide variety of languages from around the world, and though delightful anecdotes taken from his fifty years of experience in the field. This is a book based in linguistic reality, not linguistic theory." - Aaron D. Rubin, Pennsylvania State University

"The (in)equality of languages is certainly one of the most vexing issues in modern linguistics. This book effectively challenges some common views on language, ranging from those pertaining to feelings of western cultural superiority to the 'politically correct' convictions prevalent among traditional academic circles. The author offers a balanced and well-informed discussion of the issue and draws from a lifelong research experience with languages of all types, spoken in situations that can differ dramatically. A very refreshing approach that will keep the reader fascinated." - Willem F. H. Adelaar, Leiden University

目次: 

Preface
1: Setting the scene
2: How languages work
3: What is necessary
4: What is desirable
5: What is not (really) needed
6: How about complexity?
7: How many words should there be?
8: The limits of a language
9: Better for what purpose?
10: An ideal language
11: Facing up to the question
Notes and sources
Abbreviations
Acknowledgements
References
Index

著者について: 

R. M. W. Dixon, Adjunct Professor and Deputy Director, Language and Culture Research Centre, James Cook University
 
R. M. W. Dixon is Adjunct Professor and Deputy Director of the Language and Culture Research Centre at James Cook University. He has written extensively on a number of Australian and Amazonian languages, as well as on ergativity, semantics, and English grammar. His many books include The Rise and Fall of Languages (CUP 1997), Basic Linguistic Theory (OUP 2010-2), Making New Words (OUP 2014), and Edible Gender, Mother-in-Law Style, and Other Grammatical Wonders (OUP 2015). Dixon's academic biography I am a Linguist was published by Brill in 2011.

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