Lectures on New Testament Theology: By Ferdinand Christian Baur

ISBN : 9780198754176

Peter C. Hodgson; Robert F. Brown
416 ページ
156 x 234 mm

Ferdinand Christian Baur (1792-1860), one of the great innovators in the study of the New Testament, argued that each of its books reflects the interests and tendencies of its author in a particular religio-historical milieu. A critique of the writings must precede any judgments about the historical validity of individual stories about Jesus in the Gospels. Thus Baur could move beyond the impasse created by Strauss's Life of Jesus. Baur demonstrated that the Gospel of John is not a historical document comparable to the Synoptic Gospels and cannot be used to reconstruct the teaching of Jesus, and that the Synoptic Gospels must be read critically and selectively. He applied the same principles to the Epistles, arguing that only four are genuinely Pauline (Galatians, 1 and 2 Corinthians, and Romans). Baur's Lectures on New Testament Theology, delivered in Tubingen during the 1850s, summarize thirty years of his research. The lectures begin with an Introduction on the concept, history, and organization of New Testament theology. Part One is devoted to the teaching of Jesus, which Baur finds most reliably in Matthew. Part Two contains the teaching of the Apostles in three chronological periods. The first period presents the theological frameworks of the Apostle Paul and the Book of Revelation; the second period, the frameworks of Hebrews, the Deutero-Pauline Epistles, James and Peter, the Synoptic Gospels and Acts; and the third period, those of the Pastoral Epistles and the Gospel of John.



Part I The Teaching of Jesus
The Relation of Jesus' Teaching to the Old Testament and to the Law
The Moral and Religious Teaching of Jesus
Jesus' Person and His Messianic Consciousness

Part II The Teaching of the Apostles
The Transition from the Teaching of Jesus to the Teaching of the Apostles
The Resurrection
The Apostle Paul
Christianity's Relation to Judaism
the Meaning of Jesus' Death
Righteousness as the Essence of Religion
The Impossibility of Becoming Righteous by Works of the Law
The Law and Sin
Righteousness by Faith
Faith and Predestination
Baptism into the Body of Christ
The Lord's Supper
The Second Coming and Eschatology
The Teaching About God
The Book of Revelation
The Coming of the Lord, and Christ's Kingdom
The Citizens of the New Jerusalem
The Person of Christ: His Messianic Predicates, His Death, and His Resurrection
The Relation of Human Beings to God and to Christ
God, Heavenly Beings, and Satan
Second period The theological frameworks of hebrews, The deutero-pauline epistles, james and peter, The synoptic gospels and acts
The Epistle to the Hebrews
The Deutero-Pauline Epistles
The Epistles of James and Peter
The Synoptic Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles
Third period The theological frameworks Of the pastoral epistles and the johannine writings
The Pastoral Epistles
The Johannine Writings


Peter C. Hodsgon is Emeritus Professor of Theology, Divinity School, Vanderbilt University. With Professor Brown, he co-edited and translated Ferdinand Christian Baur's History of Christian Dogma (OUP, 2014) and Hegel's Lectures on the Philosophy of World History, Volume I: Manuscripts of the Introduction and the Lectures of 1822-1823 (OUP, 2011).; Robert F. Brown is Emeritus Professor of Philosophy of Religion and History of Philosophy, University of Delaware. His publications include Hegel: Lectures on the History of Philosophy 1825-6: Volume 1 (OUP, 2006) and Volume 2 (OUP, 2009).