OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Performance Epistemology: Foundations and Applications

ISBN : 9780198746942

参考価格(税込): 
¥9,130
著者: 
Miguel Angel Fernandez Vargas
ページ
288 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
156 x 234 mm
刊行日
2016年02月
メール送信
印刷

Performance-based epistemology conceives the normativity involved in epistemic evaluation as a special case of a pattern of evaluation that can be applied to any domain where there are agents that carry out performances with an aim. For example, it conceives believing and judging as types of performances with an epistemic aim that are carried out by persons. Evaluating beliefs epistemically becomes then a task with essentially the same structure that evaluating athletic, culinary or any other sort of performance; in all cases the performance in question is evaluated in terms of how it relates to certain relevant competences and abilities of the subject that carries it out. In this way, performance-based epistemology locates epistemic evaluation within a general normative pattern that spreads across many different human activities and disciplines. This volume presents new essays by leading epistemologists who discuss key issues concerning the foundations and applications of this approach to epistemology. The essays in Part I examine some foundational issues in the conceptual framework. They address questions central to the debate, including the compatibility of apt success with some forms of luck; the connection between aptness and a safety condition for knowledge; the fallibility of perceptual recognitional abilities; actual-world reliabilism and reliabilism about epistemic justification; the nature of the agency required to make a cognitive success truly one's own; the basic conceptual framework of performance-based epistemology. Part II explores Sosa's epistemology of a priori intuition; internalist objections to Sosa's views on second-order knowledge; the roles that epistemic agency is meant to play in performance-based epistemology; the value that second-order reflection may have; epistemic incompetence; and the problem of epistemic circularity and criticises Sosa's alternative solution.

目次: 

Miguel Angel Fernandez Vargas: Introduction--Performance Epistemology: Foundations and Applications

I: Foundational issues
1 Ernest Sosa: Epistemic Competence and Judgment
2 Jesper Kallestrup and Duncan Pritchard: Dispositional Robust Virtue Epistemology Versus Anti-Luck Virtue Epistemology
3 John Greco: Knowledge, Virtue, and Safety
4 Alan Millar: Abilities, Competences, and Fallibility
5 Peter J. Graham: Against Actual-World Reliabilism: Epistemically Correct Procedures and Reliably True Outcomes
6 Baron Reed: Who Knows?
7 John Turri: Knowledge as Achievement, More or Less

II: Applications and Problems
8 Paul Boghossian: Intuitions and the Understanding
9 Richard Fumerton: Rising above the Animals: The Search for Intellectual Assurance
10 Hilary Kornblith: Epistemic Agency
11 Stephen R. Grimm: The Value of Reflection
12 Pascal Engel: The Epistemology of Stupidity
13 Ram Neta: Epistemic Circularity and Virtuous Coherence

著者について: 

Miguel Angel Fernandez Vargas received his PhD in Philosophy from University College London in 2006. He joined the Institute of Philosophical Research of UNAM that same year. He works primarily in epistemology, specially in epistemic normativity, models of epistemic evaluation, and scepticism, though he is also interested in philosophy of mind and the history of analytic philosophy. His publications include 'The Possibility of Epistemic Responsibility' in B. Reed (ed.) Philosophical Issues, Action Theory (2013); 'Aptness and Safety: How are they Related?' in Critica (2010); and 'Wright on the Cognitive Role of Entitlements' in E. Garcia Ramirez (ed.) APA Newsletters (2011).

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