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Hypnosis and Meditation: Towards an Integrative Science of Conscious Planes

ISBN : 9780198759102

Amir Raz; Michael Lifshitz
496 ページ
171 x 246 mm

Research over the past decade has helped to demystify hypnosis and meditation, bringing these practices into the scientific and clinical mainstream. Yet, while hypnosis and meditation overlap on many levels, few scientific accounts have explored their complementary rapprochement. Despite cultural and historical differences, hypnosis and meditation share common phenomenology, cognitive processes, and potential therapeutic merits. This book provides a synthesis of knowledge concerning the bridging of hypnosis and meditation. The authors adopt a trans-disciplinary approach considering cultural, historical, and philosophical perspectives to elucidate contemporary questions in cognitive, neurobiological, and clinical science. The book explores the relationship between hypnosis and meditation in five progressive sections: Part 1 investigates historical, cultural, and philosophical issues to contextualize the scientific study of contemplative practices. Part 2 presents a range of views concerning the similarities and differences between hypnosis and meditation. Part 3 explores the psychological and cognitive mechanisms at work. Part 4 integrates recent brain imaging findings to unravel the neural underpinnings. Finally, part 5 examines how juxtaposing hypnosis and meditation can enhance clinical applications. Hypnosis and Meditation is a valuable resource to both specialists as well as interested lay readers, and paves the road to a more unified science of how attention influences states of brain, body, and consciousness.


Janet Gyatso: Foreword
Irving Kirsch: Foreword

Section I - Introduction
1. Michael Lifshitz: Contemplative experience in context: Hypnosis, meditation, and the transformation of consciousness

Section II - Philosophical, historical, and cultural perspectives
2. Anne Harrington: Thinking about trance over a century: The making of a set of impasses
3. Thupten Jinpa: Visualization as mental cultivation: Expanding our understanding of meditation
4. Quinton Deeley: Tranforming experience through Chod: Insights from hypnosis research
5. Samuel Veissiere: Varieties of tulpa experiences: The hypnotic nature of human sociality, personhood, and interphenomenality

Section III - Similarities and differences
6. Jelena Markovic and Evan Thompson: Hypnosis and meditation: A neurophenomenological comparison
7. Zoltan Dienes, Peter Lush, Rebecca Semmens-Wheeler, Jim Parkinson, Ryan Scott, and Peter Naish: Hypnosis as self-deception
Meditation as self-insight
8. Lynn C. Waelde, Jason M. Thompson, and David Spiegel: Hypnosis and mindfulness: Experiential and neurophysiological relationships
9. Charles Tart: Meditation: Some kind of (self)-hypnosis? A deeper look
10. Vince Polito and Michael H. Connors: Towards a science of internal experience: Conceptual and methodological issues in hypnosis and meditation research

Section IV - Cognitive mechanisms
11. Kieran Fox, Yoona Kang, Michael Lifshitz, and Kalina Christoff: Increasing cognitive-emotional flexibility with meditation and hypnosis: The cognitive neuroscience of de-automatization
12. Benjamin Mooneyham and Jonathan W. Schooler: Mind-wandering and meta-awareness in hypnosis and meditation: Relating executive function across states of consciousness
13. John Vervaeke and Leonardo Ferraro: Reformulating the mindfulness construct: The cognitive processes at work in mindfulness, hypnosis and mystical states
14. Ulrich Ott: Absorption in hypnotic trance and meditation

Section V - Neural underpinnings
15. Etzel Cardena: Towards comprehensive neurophenomenological research in hypnosis and meditation
16. Yi-Yuan Tang and Michael I. Posner: Influencing conflict in the human brain by changing brain states
17. Graham Jamieson: A unified theory of hypnosis and meditation states: The interoceptive predictive coding approach
18. William J. McGeown: Hypnosis, hypnotic suggestibility and meditation: An integrative review of the associated brain regions and networks

Section VI - Clinical applications
19. Michael Yapko: Suggesting mindfulness: Reflections on the uneasy relationship between mindfulness and hypnosis
20. Norman Farb: Self-transformation through hypnosis and mindfulness meditation: What exactly is being transformed?
21. Fadel Zeidan and Joshua Grant: Meditative and hypnotic analgesia: Different directions, same road?
22. Tony Toneatto and Erin Courtice: Hypnosis and mindfulness meditation: A psychoanalytic perspective
23. Steven J. Lynn, Joseph P. Green, Victor Elinoff, Jessica Baltman, and Reed Maxwell: When worlds combine: Synthesizing hypnosis, mindfulness, and acceptance-based approaches to psychotherapy and smoking cessation

Section VII - Conclusion
24. Amir Raz: Hypnosis and meditation as vehicles to elucidate human consciousness

Dan Brown: Afterword


Professor Raz earned his Ph.D. in Brain Science from the Interdisciplinary Center for Computational Neuroscience at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem under the supervision of the late Professor Shlomo Bentin. He then went on to a post-doctoral fellowship with Professor Michael Posner at the Weill Medical College of Cornell University, where he took on a faculty position thereafter. He then joined the faculty at Columbia University in the City of New York and later became the Canada Research Chair at McGill University in Montreal, Canada. ; Michael is a doctoral student investigating the science of contemplative experience in the Raz Lab at McGill University. His research centers on comparing approaches to the transformation of consciousness - ranging from meditation to hypnosis, placebos, and psychedelics. Working from the vantage of neurophenomenology, Michael aims to synthesize knowledge of various contemplative practices to advance the science of attention, consciousness, and meta-cognition. Michael's work is supported through a Vanier Graduate Scholarship from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) and a Mind & Life Institute Francisco J. Varela Research Award. He completed a master's degree in the Integrated Program of Neuroscience at the Raz Lab, and an undergraduate degree with honors in psychology and minors in philosophy and world religions - both at McGill University.