OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Being for: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism

ISBN : 9780199588008

参考価格(税込): 
¥5,566
著者: 
Mark Schroeder
ページ
224 ページ
フォーマット
Paperback
サイズ
141 x 216 mm
刊行日
2010年05月
メール送信
印刷

Expressivism - the sophisticated contemporary incarnation of the noncognitivist research program of Ayer, Stevenson, and Hare - is no longer the province of metaethicists alone. Its comprehensive view about the nature of both normative language and normative thought has also recently been applied to many topics elsewhere in philosophy - including logic, probability, mental and linguistic content, knowledge, epistemic modals, belief, the a priori, and even quantifiers. Yet the semantic commitments of expressivism are still poorly understood and have not been very far developed. As argued within, expressivists have not yet even managed to solve the 'negation problem' - to explain why atomic normative sentences are inconsistent with their negations. As a result, it is far from clear that expressivism even could be true, let alone whether it is. Being For seeks to evaluate the semantic commitments of expressivism, by showing how an expressivist semantics would work, what it can do, and what kind of assumptions would be required, in order for it to do it. Building on a highly general understanding of the basic ideas of expressivism, it argues that expressivists can solve the negation problem - but only in one kind of way. It shows how this insight paves the way for an explanatorily powerful, constructive expressivist semantics, which solves many of what have been taken to be the deepest problems for expressivism. But it also argues that no account with these advantages can be generalized to deal with constructions like tense, modals, or binary quantifiers. Expressivism, the book argues, is coherent and interesting, but false.

目次: 

Preface
PART ONE: THE SEMANTIC PROGRAM OF EXPRESSIVISM
1. Introduction
2. Expression
PART TWO: EXPRESSIVISTS' PROBLEMS WITH LOGIC
3. The negation problem
4. Its solution
5. Composition and logic
6. Predicates and quantifiers
PART THREE: DESCRIPTIVE LANGUAGE
7. Descriptive language and belief
8. Biforcated attitude semantics
9. Assigning truth-conditions
10. An alternative approach
PART FOUR: EXTENSIONS
11. Nondescriptivist semantics
12. The limits and costs of expressivism
References

著者について: 

Mark Schroeder is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Southern California, and author of Slaves of the Passions (OUP). His research ranges broadly across issues closely related to practical reason and metaethics, including on questions about reasons, rationality, normativity, reduction, moral explanations, metaethical expressivism, and the history of ethics.

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