OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Water Chemistry: An Introduction to the Chemistry of Natural and Engineered Aquatic Systems

ISBN : 9780199730728

参考価格(税込): 
¥27,720
著者: 
Patrick L. Brezonik; William Arnold
ページ
808 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
162 x 242 mm
刊行日
2011年05月
メール送信
印刷

This book provides students with the tools necessary to understand the processes that control the chemical species present in waters of both natural and engineered systems. After providing basic information about water itself and the chemical composition of water in environmental systems, the text covers the necessary theory (thermodynamics, activity, and kinetics) and background material to solve problems. It emphasizes that both equilibrium and kinetic processes are important in aquatic systems. The book does not merely focus on inorganic constituents, but also on the fate and reactions of organic chemicals. The solving of quantitative equilibrium and kinetic problems using mathematical, graphical, and computational tools is emphasized throughout presentations on acid-base chemistry, complexation of metal ions, solubility of minerals, and oxidation-reduction reactions. The use of these problem-solving tools is then extended in the presentation of topics relevant to natural systems, including dissolved oxygen, nutrient chemistry, geochemical controls on chemical composition, photochemistry, and natural organic matter. The kinetics and equilibria relevant to engineered systems (e.g. , chlorination and disinfection chemistry, sorption and surface chemistry) and organic contaminant chemistry are also discussed. Numerous in-chapter examples that show the application of theory and demonstrate how problems are solved using algebraic, graphical, and computer-based techniques are included. Examples are relevant to both natural waters and engineered systems.

目次: 

PART I. PROLOGUE
1. Introductory matters
2. Inorganic chemical composition of natural waters: elements of aqueous geochemistry
PART II. THEORY, FUNDAMENTALS AND IMPORTANT TOOLS
3. The thermodynamic basis for equilibrium chemistry
4. Activity-concentration relationships
5. Chemical kinetics
6. Fundamentals of organic chemistry for environmental systems
7. Solving ionic equilibria problems
PART III. INORGANIC CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIA AND KINETICS
8. Acid-base systems in natural waters
9. Complexation reactions and metal ion speciation
10. Solubility: reactions of solid phases with water
11. Redox equilibria and kinetics
PART IV. CHEMISTRY OF NATURAL WATERS AND ENGINEERED SYSTEMS
12. Dissolved oxygen
13. Chemistry of chlorine and other disinfectants
14. Surface chemistry and sorption processes
15. Aqueous geochemistry II: minor metals (Al, Fe, Mn), silica, minerals and weathering
16. Nutrient cycles and chemistry: nitrogen and phosphorus
17. Fundamentals of photochemistry and some applications in aquatic systems
18. Natural organic matter and aquatic humic substances
19. Chemical behavior of organic pollutants

著者について: 

William A. Arnold is Associate Professor in the Department of Civil Engineering at the University of Minnesota. His research interests are in the areas of transformation, transport, and remediation of anthropogenic chemicals in the environment, including surface-mediated oxidation/reduction reaction, photochemistry, and partitioning.; Patrick L. Brezonik is Professor Emeritus of Civil Engineering at the University of Minnesota. His research interests are focused on natural aquatic systems, including nutrient cycling and chemistry, metal complexation by natural organic matter, and applications of remote sensing to aquatic systems.

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