Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology

ISBN : 9780199691982

John Dupre
368 ページ
163 x 241 mm

John Dupre explores recent revolutionary developments in biology and considers their relevance for our understanding of human nature and human society. Epigenetics and related areas of molecular biology have eroded the exceptional status of the gene and presented the genome as fully interactive with the rest of the cell. Developmental systems theory provides a space for a vision of evolution that takes full account of the fundamental importance of developmental processes. Dupre shows the importance of microbiology for a proper understanding of the living world, and reveals how it subverts such basic biological assumptions as the organisation of biological kinds on a branching tree of life, and the simple traditional conception of the biological organism. These topics are considered in the context of a view of science as realistically grounded in the natural order, but at the same time as pluralistic and inextricably integrated within a social and normative context. The volume includes a section that recapitulates and expands some of the author's general views on science; a section addressing a range of topics in biology, including the significance of genomics, the nature of the organism and the current status of evolutionary theory; and a section exploring some implications of contemporary biology for humans, for example on the reality or unreality of human races, and the plasticity of human nature.


1. The Miracle of Monism
2. What's the Fuss about Social Constructivism?
3. The Inseparability of Science and Values
4. The Constituents of Life 1: Species, Microbes and Genes
5. The Constituents of Life 2: Organisms and Systems
6. Understanding Contemporary Genomics
7. The Polygenomic Organism
8. It is not Possible to Reduce Biological Explanations to Explanations in Chemistry and/or Physics
9. Postgenomic Darwinism
10. Size Doesn't Matter: Towards a More Inclusive Philosophy of Biology
11. Metagenomics and Biological Ontology
12. Varieties of living things: Life at the intersection of lineage and metabolism
13. Emerging Sciences and New Conceptions of Disease: Or, Beyond the Monogenomic Differentiated Cell Lineage
14. Against Maladaptationism: or What's Wrong with Evolutionary Psychology
15. What Genes Are, and Why There Are No Genes for Race
16. Causality and Human Nature in the Social Sciences


John Dupre is Professor of Philosophy of Science at the University of Exeter and, since 2002, Director of the ESRC Centre for Genomics in Society (Egenis). He has formerly held posts at Oxford, Stanford, and Birkbeck College, London. In 2006 he held the Spinoza Visiting Professorship at the University of Amsterdam. He is the President-Elect of the British Society for the Philosophy of Science and a member of the Council of the International Society for the History, Philosophy and Social Studies of Biology. John Dupre has worked on a wide variety of biological issues of interest to philosophy, including the nature of species, organisms, and genes, the implications of evolutionary theory, and lately on genomics and various related areas of molecular biology (epigenetics, microbiology, systems biology and synthetic biology). He has also contributed to philosophical discussions on topics of relevance to science, such as the nature of causation and the status of natural kinds.