OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Securing Livelihoods: Informal Economy Practices and Institutions

ISBN : 9780199687015

参考価格(税込): 
¥14,795
著者: 
Isabelle Hillenkamp; Frederic Lapeyre; Andreia Lemaitre
関連カテゴリー
ページ
320 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
161 x 240 mm
刊行日
2013年11月
メール送信
印刷

Far from the vision of popular actors in the popular economy as reactionary and archaic, stubbornly resisting any move towards change, this book's overall aim is to contribute to a broadening and deepening of our understanding of the logic and socio-economic practices of those operating in the informal economy. It focuses on the vulnerabilities of these participants, resulting from high exposure to different risks combined with low social protection, and on the interactions between vulnerability and poverty. It considers security of livelihoods as the guiding principle for multiple practices in the informal economy. Thirteen studies, based on careful analyses of empirical data in different contexts in Africa, Latin America, and Asia, contribute to this multidisciplinary discussion. This book describes how people develop their own strategies to solve their problems through the use of interpersonal networks, associations, and other community-based arrangements. Moreover, it shows that informal economy actors systematically reposition themselves vis-a-vis the State, markets, international, and national policies with the aim of enhancing their economic and social security, and they may do this either individually or collectively. The book emphasizes how adaptability of the informal economy can be influenced by such factors as the macroeconomic context, access to financial, technological, and information resources, infrastructure, social protection schemes, and the institutional environment within which adaptations occur. Case studies stress the need to reformulate questions relating to policy intervention based on a more thorough understanding of the perspective of informal economy actors.

目次: 

Foreword
1. Introduction: Informal Economy, Vulnerabilities, and Popular Security-Enhancing Practices
PART I. A PLURALITY OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC LOGICS: NEW POLANYIAN APPROACHES TO INFORMALITY AND VULNERABILITY
2. Popular Cooperatives and Local Development in Southeast Brazil: Towards Socio-Economic Pluralism
3. Solidarity and Protection in Bolivian Popular Economy
4. Self-managed Work, Social Protection, and Community Development: The Case of the UST Cooperative (Argentina)
5. An Analysis of the Socio-economic Logics Underpinning Formal and Informal Strategies for Coping with Economic Hardships in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo
PART II. THE ROLE OF FINANCIAL PRACTICES AND INSTITUTIONS IN SECURING LIVELIHOODS
6. Financial Practices as Adaptations to Increasing Vulnerability: The Dynamics of Solidarity and Protection in the Suburbs of Rosario, Argentina
7. Microcredit Policies in Brazil: An Analysis of Community Development Banks
8. Demand for Microcredit, Informal Finance and Vulnerability in Rural Morocco
9. Informal and Formal Microfinance in Urban Sub-Saharan African Markets: The Case of Micro-Entrepreneurs in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
10. Exploring the Black-Box of Economic Informality: Social Networks and Institutional Change among Micro and Small Enterprises in Nairobi, Kenya
PART III. FORMALIZING THE INFORMAL? A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT
11. Determinants of Earnings in Informal Self-Employment: The Case of Ghana
12. From the Street to the Store. The Formalization of Street Vendors in Quito, Ecuador
13. Formalizing the Informal in Rwanda: From Artisanal to Modern Brick and Tile Ovens
14. Neoliberal Reforms, Regulatory Change and the Informal Economy: The Case of Turkey from a Comparative Perspective
Postface: Another Look at the Informal Sector, its Many Stakes and Challenges

著者について: 

Isabelle Hillenkamp is Research Associate at the Institute of Socio-Economics, University of Geneva, attached to the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research - LIVES. Her research focuses on the informal and popular economy in Latin America, with particular interest in community and solidarity projects. Before joining the University of Geneva, she was a post-doctoral researcher at the University San Andres of La Paz (Bolivia) and the National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts (CNAM) in Paris. She holds a PhD in Development Studies from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. ; Frederic Lapeyre is senior employment and informal economy specialist and Manager of the ILO-Technical Cooperation Project for Youth Employment in Katanga (PAEJK), International Labour Organization. He holds a PhD in Development Studies. Previously he was Professor at the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium, Chairman of the Belgium Post-Graduate School for Development Studies, and Fulbright Post-doctoral Fellow at Brown University (Watson Institute for International Studies). His recent publications include 'The Contributions of the United Nations to Development Theory and Practices' (with R. Jolly, L. Emmerij and D. Ghai) and 'Poverty and Exclusion in a Global World' (with A. Bhalla). ; Andreia Lemaitre is socio-economist and Lecturer in Development Studies at the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium. She is a member of the Centre for Development Studies (DVLP) and of the Interdisciplinary Research Centre on Work, State and Society (CIRTES). She holds a PhD in political and social sciences from the Catholic University of Louvain and the Conservatoire National des Arts et Metiers, France. She was also a post-doctoral Fellow at the International Institute of Social Studies (ISS) of Erasmus University Rotterdam in The Hague. Her research focuses on popular and solidarity-based economy in the South, mainly in Latin America, and on substantive approaches to the economy.

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