OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Reassembling Social Security: A Survey of Pensions and Health Care Reforms in Latin America

ISBN : 9780199644612

参考価格(税込): 
¥8,393
著者: 
Carmelo Mesa-Lago
ページ
480 ページ
フォーマット
Paperback
サイズ
169 x 246 mm
刊行日
2012年03月
メール送信
印刷

The reform of social security pensions and healthcare is a key issue for the modern world, and in many ways Latin America has acted as a social laboratory for the reform of these systems. From the reforms that took place in Chile in 1981, most pension and health care systems in the region have seen reform, and been fully or partially privatized. Many other countries considering reform of their own systems have been influenced by the policies implemented in Latin America. Yet despite the importance and influence of these reforms, until now there has not been an integrated and comprehensive analysis of the changes and their effects. This book is the result of four years of painstaking work, data collection, field research, and international collaboration, and so fills the vacuum in the literature with a systematic comparison of pension and healthcare reforms in the 20 Latin American countries. It identifies reform models, and elaborates taxonomies to facilitate their understanding and comparison. Some key features of the reforms to emerge are: labour force and population coverage, equity and solidarity, sufficiency and quality of benefits, state regulation, competition and degree of privatization, efficiency and administrative costs, social participation in management, financing sources and long-term sustainability. Effects of the reforms on social security principles are measured based on recent standardized statistics and other information. Goals or assumptions of the reforms are contrasted with actual outcomes, and the pros and cons of private versus private provision assessed. Detailed policy recommendations are offered to correct current problems and improve pension and healthcare systems. This is the first book to comprehensively study these influential reforms in Latin America's pension and health care systems, and as such will be of importance to academics and researchers interested in social security and welfare policy, pensions, health care, and public policy; social security, pension, and health care policy-makers; and social security, pension, and health care consultants and practitioners.

目次: 

Preamble: Reassembling Social Security in Latin America
PART I: THE STATE OF PENSION AND HEALTH CARE IN THE REGION BEFORE THE REFORMS
1. Social Security Principles, their Enforcement in Latin America, and Modifications by the Reforms
PART II: PENSION REFORMS AND THEIR EFFECTS
2. Pension Reforms: Taxonomy, Objectives, and Actors
3. Effects on Coverage, Equal Treatment, Solidarity, and Comprehensiveness/Sufficiency
4. Effects on Unity, State Responsibility, Efficiency, and Social Participation
5. Effects on Financial Sustainability and New Reform Goals
PART III: HEALTH CARE REFORMS AND THEIR EFFECTS
6. Healthcare Reforms: Taxonomy, Objectives, Actors
7. Effects on Universal Coverage
8. Effects on Equal Treatment, Solidarity, and Comprehensiveness/Sufficiency
9. Effects on Unity, State Responsibility, Efficiency, and Social Participation
10. Effects on Financial Sustainability and Efficacy
PART IV: TOWARDS A BETTER SOCIAL SECURITY IN THE FUTURE
11. Policies on Pensions and Healthcare

著者について: 

Carmelo Mesa-Lago is Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of Economics and Latin American Studies at the University of Pittsburgh and has been a visiting professor or researcher in Argentina, Germany, Mexico, Spain, Uruguay, United Kingdom, and the United States, as well as a lecturer in 36 countries in Asia, Europe, Latin America and North America. He is the author of 73 books/monographs and about 240 articles/chapters published in 8 languages in 33 countries, most of them on social security including pensions and healthcare. He has worked in all Latin America countries and several in the Caribbean, as well as in Germany, Egypt, Ghana, and Thailand, as a regional advisor for ECLAC, a consultant with the ILO, the International Social Security Association (ISSA), PAHO, UNRISD, UNDP, and other U.N. branches, as well as most international financial organizations (World Bank, Inter-American Development Bank), and national and foreign foundations.

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