OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Tropes: Properties, Objects, and Mental Causation

ISBN : 9780199608539

参考価格(税込): 
¥9,680
著者: 
Douglas Ehring
ページ
260 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
170 x 240 mm
刊行日
2011年08月
メール送信
印刷

Properties and objects are everywhere. We cannot take a step without walking into them; we cannot construct a theory in science without referring to them. Given their ubiquitous character, one might think that there would be a standard metaphysical account of properties and objects, but they remain a philosophical mystery. Douglas Ehring presents a defense of tropes-properties and relations understood as particulars-and of trope bundle theory as the best accounts of properties and objects, and advocates a specific brand of trope nominalism, Natural Class Trope Nominalism. This position rejects the existence of universals, and holds that the nature of each individual trope is determined by its membership in various natural classes of tropes (in contrast with the view that a trope's nature is logically prior to those class memberships). The first part of the book provides a general introduction and defense of tropes and trope bundle theory. Ehring demonstrates that there are tropes and indicates some of the things that tropes can do for us metaphysically, including helping to solve the problems of mental causation, while remaining neutral between different theories of tropes. In the second part he offers a more specific defense of Natural Class Trope Nominalism, and provides a full analysis of what a trope is.

目次: 

Introduction: Properties and Concrete Particulars
PART 1: TROPES
1. Distinguishing Particulars from Universals
2. Why Believe in Tropes
3. The Individuation of Tropes
4. Bundle Theory
5. Tropes and Mental Causation
PART 2: NATURAL CLASS TROPE NOMINALISM
6. Why Natural Class Tropes
7. The Classic Objections to Natural Class Trope Nominalism
8. The Determination Objections
Bibliography
Index

著者について: 

Douglas Ehring was born in New York City. He went to undergraduate school in California, and received his PhD in philosophy from Columbia University. Ehring has taught at SMU in Dallas since 1981, and is currently the William Edward Easterwood Professor of Philosophy there.

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