OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

The Fundamentals of Ethics (3rd edition)

ISBN : 9780199997237

参考価格(税込): 
¥5,533
著者: 
Russ Shafer-Landau
ページ
342 ページ
フォーマット
Paperback
サイズ
143 x 209 mm
刊行日
2014年08月
メール送信
印刷

In The Fundamentals of Ethics, Third Edition, author Russ Shafer-Landau employs a uniquely engaging writing style to introduce students to the essential ideas of moral philosophy. Offering more comprehensive coverage of the good life, normative ethics, and metaethics than any other text of its kind, this book also addresses issues that are often omitted from other texts, such as the doctrine of doing and allowing, the doctrine of double effect, ethical particularism, the desire-satisfaction theory of well-being, and moral error theory. Shafer-Landau carefully reconstructs and analyzes dozens of arguments in depth, at a level that is understandable to students with no prior philosophical background. The text is supplemented by an online Instructor's Manual and Computerized Test Bank and a Companion Website with student self-quizzes and additional resources. Ideal for courses in introductory ethics and contemporary moral problems, this book can be used as a stand-alone text or with the author's companion reader, The Ethical Life: Fundamental Readings in Ethics and Moral Problems, Third Edition.

目次: 

*=NEW TO THIS EDITION
INTRODUCTION
The Lay of the Land
Skepticism about Ethics
Ethical Starting Points
* What Is Morality?
Moral Reasoning
The Role of Moral Theory
Looking Ahead
PART ONE. THE GOOD LIFE
1. HEDONISM: ITS POWERFUL APPEAL
Happiness and Intrinsic Value
The Attractions of Hedonism
2. IS HAPPINESS ALL THAT MATTERS?
The Paradox of Hedonism
Evil Pleasures
The Two Worlds
False Happiness
The Importance of Autonomy
Life's Trajectory
Unhappiness as a Symptom of Harm
Conclusion
3. GETTING WHAT YOU WANT
A Variety of Good Lives
Personal Authority
Avoiding Objective Values
Motivation
Justifying the Pursuit of Self-Interest
Knowledge of the Good
4. PROBLEMS FOR THE DESIRE THEORY
Getting What You Want May Not Be Necessary for Promoting Your Good
Getting What You Want May Not Be Sufficient for Promoting Your Good
Conclusion
PART TWO.NORMATIVE ETHICS: DOING THE RIGHT THING
5. MORALITY AND RELIGION
Three Assumptions about Morality and Religion
Conclusion
6. NATURAL LAW
The Theory and Its Attractions
Three Conceptions of Human Nature
Natural Purposes
The Argument from Humanity
Conclusion
7. PSYCHOLOGICAL EGOISM
Egoism and Altruism
Does It Matter whether Psychological Egoism Is True?
The Argument from Our Strongest Desires
The Argument from Expected Benefit
The Argument from Avoiding Misery
Two Egoistic Strategies
Letting the Evidence Decide
Conclusion
8. ETHICAL EGOISM
Why Be Moral?
Two Popular Arguments for Ethical Egoism
The Best Argument for Ethical Egoism
Three Problems for Ethical Egoism
Conclusion
9. CONSEQUENTIALISM: ITS NATURE AND ATTRACTIONS
The Nature of Consequentialism
The Attractions of Utilitarianism
The Scope of the Moral Community
* Slippery Slope Arguments
10. CONSEQUENTIALISM: ITS DIFFICULTIES
Measuring Well-Being
Utilitarianism Is Very Demanding
Impartiality
No Intrinsic Wrongness (or Rightness)
The Problem of Injustice
Potential Solutions to the Problem of Injustice
Rule Consequentialism
Conclusion
11. THE KANTIAN PERSPECTIVE: FAIRNESS AND JUSTICE
Consistency and Fairness
The Principle of Universalizability
Morality and Rationality
Assessing the Principle of Universalizability
Integrity
Kant on Absolute Moral Duties
12. THE KANTIAN PERSPECTIVE: AUTONOMY AND RESPECT
The Principle of Humanity
The Importance of Rationality and Autonomy
The Good Will and Moral Worth
Five Problems with the Principle of Humanity
Conclusion
13. THE SOCIAL CONTRACT TRADITION: THE THEORY AND ITS ATTRACTIONS
The Lure of Proceduralism
The Background of the Social Contract Theory
The Prisoner's Dilemma
Cooperation and the State of Nature
The Advantages of Contractarianism
More Advantages: Morality and the Law
14. THE SOCIAL CONTRACT TRADITION: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS
Why Be Moral?
The Role of Consent
Disagreement among the Contractors
The Scope of the Moral Community
Conclusion
15. ETHICAL PLURALISM AND ABSOLUTE MORAL RULES
The Structure of Moral Theories
Is Torture Always Immoral?
Preventing Catastrophes
The Doctrine of Double Effect
Moral Conflict and Contradiction
Is Moral Absolutism Irrational?
The Doctrine of Doing and Allowing
Conclusion
16. ETHICAL PLURALISM: PRIMA FACIE DUTIES AND ETHICAL PARTICULARISM
Ross's Ethic of Prima Facie Duties
The Advantages of Ross's View
A Problem for Ross's View
Knowing the Fundamental Moral Rules
Self-Evidence and the Testing of Moral Theories
Knowing the Right Thing to Do
Ethical Particularism
Three Problems for Ethical Particularism
Conclusion
17. VIRTUE ETHICS
The Standard of Right Action
Moral Complexity
Moral Understanding
Moral Education
The Nature of Virtue
Virtue and the Good Life
Objections
Conclusion
18. FEMINIST ETHICS
The Elements of Feminist Ethics
Moral Development
Women's Experience
The Ethics of Care
Challenges for Feminist Ethics
Conclusion
PART THREE. METAETHICS: THE STATUS OF MORALITY
19. ETHICAL RELATIVISM
Moral Skepticism
Two Kinds of Ethical Relativism
Some Implications of Ethical Subjectivism and Cultural Relativism
Ideal Observers
Conclusion
20. MORAL NIHILISM
Error Theory
Expressivism
Conclusion
21. ELEVEN ARGUMENTS AGAINST MORAL OBJECTIVITY
1. Objectivity Requires Absolutism
2. All Truth Is Subjective
3. Equal Rights Imply Equal Plausibility
4. Moral Objectivity Supports Dogmatism
5. Moral Objectivity Supports Intolerance
* 6. Moral Objectivity Cannot Allow for Legitimate Cultural Variation
7. Moral Disagreement Undermines Moral Objectivity
8. Atheism Undermines Moral Objectivity
9. The Absence of Categorical Reasons Undermines Moral Objectivity
10. Moral Motivation Undermines Moral Objectivity
11. Values Have No Place in a Scientific World
Conclusion

著者について: 

Russ Shafer-Landau is Chair and Professor of Philosophy at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He is the author, editor, or coeditor of several books including The Ethical Life, Third Edition (OUP, 2014), Reason and Responsibility, Fifteenth Edition (2013), and Ethical Theory: An Anthology, Second Edition (2012). He is also the editor of Oxford Studies in Metaethics.

このページに掲載の「参考価格」は日本国内における希望小売価格です。当ウェブサイトでのご購入に対して特別価格が適用される場合、販売価格は「割引価格」として表示されます。なお、価格は予告なく変更されることがございますので、あらかじめご了承ください。