The Oxford Handbook of Local Competitiveness

ISBN : 9780199993307

David B. Audretsch; Albert N. Link; Mary Lindestein Walshok
528 ページ
182 x 254 mm
Oxford Handbooks in Business and Management

The local levels of economies have felt the impact of technological change and globalization. These forces have triggered the need to understand the dynamic mechanisms that enable locales to respond to such changes. For example, the downsizing of traditional employers because of a major loss in market share due to new competitors, acquisition by global firms, or off-shoring of production or services was traditionally thought to be beyond the scope of powers of local policy makers, thinkers, and business leaders. In the world of practice, those concerned about the economic performance of place-city, region or state-are increasingly focused on how to adapt to these trends and leverage their existing resources to respond to these global challenges as a positive opportunity. The Oxford Handbook of Local Competitiveness brings together some of the leading minds in the fields of business, economics, and the social sciences to identify, articulate, and analyze what influences and shapes local competitiveness and what places can do to enhance their economic performance. The contributors to the Handbook provide a body of systematic analyses suggesting that the local context is a critical element of the forces that shape competitiveness. The challenges to generate and sustain economic performance vary across places, and the factors and conditions that either enhance or impede competiveness also are place-specific. Finally, the characteristics and nature of what constitutes success also vary across places. This Handbook is essential reading material for academics in the fields of economics and public policy, as well as business leaders who hope to gain a more in-depth understanding of their field. Informative and intellectually rigorous, The Oxford Handbook of Local Competitiveness is the definitive volume of scholarly analysis regarding the relationship between place and economic competition.


1. Introduction
David B. Audretsch, Albert N. Link and Mary Lindenstein Walshok
2. The Strategic Management of Place
David B. Audretsch
3. Talent , Cities, and Competitiveness
Richard Florida and Charlotta Mellander
4. Enabling Entrepreneurial Ecosystems
Philip E. Auerswald
5. Construction of the Cluster Commons
Orjan Solvell
6. Alfred Marshall, Alive and Well? The Rise and Evolution of Innovative Manufacturing Clusters in a Globalizing Economy
Dan Breznitz and Guilio Buciuni
7. Something New: Where Do New Industries Come From?
Maryann P. Feldman and Sam M. Tavassoli
8. Local Competitiveness Fostered through Local Institutions for Entrepreneurship
Martin Andersson and Magnus Henrekson
9. The National Resource Curse in the Arab Gult: Rapid Change and Local Culture
Thomas Andersson
10. The Role of Universities for Local and Regional Competitiveness
Erik E. Lehmann
11. The Grand Challenge Model of R&D
Christopher S. Hayter
12. Commercialization or Engagement: Which Is of More Significance for Regional Economies?
Martin Kenney
13. Philanthropy, Competition, and Local Competitiveness: A Schumpeterian Conundrum
Zoltan J. Acs
14. Local Policies for High-Growth Firms
Erik Stam and Niels Bosma
15. Innovation Brokers
Doug Henton and Jessie Oettinger
16. Swimming Upstream: Why Regional Economic Development Depends on National Economic Competitiveness
Robert D. Atkinson
17. Competitive Advantages from University Research Parks
Albert N. Link
18. The Co-Creation of Locally Useful Knowledge by Business Schools
Simon Mosey, Paul Kirkham, and Martin Binks
19. Entrepreneurship and Sustainable Development: The Relevance of Shaping Inter-temporal Local Intangible Conditions
Jose L. Gonzalez-Pernia, Maribel Guerrero, and Inaki Pena-Legazuke
20. In Search of New Competitive Advantage: Japan's Local Firms in Sustainable Business
Hideki Yamawaki, Hiro Motoki, and Kayo Hirai
21. Assessing State-level Science and Technology Policies: North Carolina's Experience with SBIR State Matching Grants
John Hardin, Lauren Lanahan, and Lukas C. Brun
22. Clusters, Communities, and Competitiveness - An Emerging Model from America's Midwest
David Lawther Johnson
23. Lessons on Microenterprise Development from a University-Based Microlending Development Program
Paul Miesing, Brad Watts, Donald S. Siegel, and Katharine Briar-Lawson
24. A Region in Transition: Bottom up Economic Transformation in Post-Conflict Northern Ireland
Mary Lindenstein Walshok and Steve Orr
25. The 2008 Economic Crisis and its Impact on Universities' Competitiveness
Shiri M. Breznitz and Paige A. Clayton
26. Smart Specialization and European Regional Development Policy
Dominique Foray, Philip McCann, and Raquel Ortega-Argiles


David B. Audretsch is a Distinguished Professor and Ameritech Chair of Economic Development at Indiana University, where he also serves as Director of the Institute for Development Strategies. He is also an Honorary Professor of Industrial Economics and Entrepreneurship at the WHU-Otto Beisheim School of Management in Germany. In addition, he serves as a Visiting Professor at the King Saud University in Saudi Arabia, and is a Research Fellow of the Centre for Economic Policy Research in London.; Albert N. Link is Professor of Economics at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG). He received, with honors, a B.S. in mathematics from the University of Richmond in 1971 and a Ph.D. in economics from Tulane University in 1976. After receiving the Ph.D., he joined the economics faculty at Auburn University, where he remained until he joined the economics faculty at UNCG in 1982. Professor Link's research focuses on technology and innovation policy, the economics of R&D, and policy/program evaluation. He is currently the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Technology Transfer.; Mary Lindenstein Walshok is Associate Vice Chancellor, Public Programs, Dean, University Extension and Adjunct Professor of Sociology at the University of California, San Diego. Professor Walshok is a leading thinker on aligning workforce development with regional economic growth and innovation. As an industrial sociologist, she has been researching various American regions for the US Department of Labor, NSF, and Lilly Foundation. One of her current research projects is an NSF-funded study of the role of boundary-spanning organizations in shaping the social and cultural dynamics of highly innovative regions.